Two-generation programs provide education and training services for parents while their children attend early childhood education programs. This study examines the rates of persistence and certification of parents in one of the only two-generation interventions in the country under study, CareerAdvance®, which offers training in the healthcare sector to parents while their children attend Head Start (n = 92).
Although overall employment expanded in Wisconsin during the period of this report, poverty as measured by the Wisconsin Poverty Measure (WPM) increased. In fact, overall poverty rates in Wisconsin rose significantly in 2016, to 10.8 percent compared to 9.7 in 2015. Market income poverty (which reflects employment levels and is therefore a helpful gauge of economic health) also rose slightly, even as jobs expanded.
To address these labor market challenges, many have turned to America’s workforce development system. Recent efforts from Congress and the White House confirm that policymakers are serious about expanding job-training opportunities. But even with the heightened focus, a shockingly small percentage of individuals leveraging the workforce system combine available Department of Labor training funds with money from other federal and state programs—despite that many more might qualify for additional aid.
We examine the relationship between early youth employment and behavior problems and ask whether this relationship differs by race, job quality, or work intensity. Drawing on Panel Study of Income Dynamics data, we depict the employment patterns of American youth aged 12 through 18 and test conflicting hypotheses about mediating mechanisms through which youth employment shapes children’s behavior. Results show that employment is associated with fewer behavior problems but only when the jobs offer opportunities for human capital development and only when working moderate hours.
Poverty remains a persistent problem in many areas in the United States. Existing place-based policies—especially enterprise zones—have generally failed to provide benefits to the least advantaged. Drawing on lessons from the often-negative findings on effects of past place-based policies, but preserving the potential advantage of policies that try to improve economic outcomes in specific areas, I propose a new place-based policy—Rebuilding Communities Job Subsidies, or RCJS—to encourage job and income growth in areas of economic disadvantage.
This video and its accompanying presentation slides are from the 2018 Research and Evaluation Conference on Self-Sufficiency (RECS). This plenary discussed evidence from two large-scale evaluations of subsidized employment programs focusing on a range of hard-to-serve clients, including noncustodial parents, re-entering populations, low-income adults, and other populations.
These PowerPoints are from the 2018 Research and Evaluation Conference on Self-Sufficiency (RECS).This session explored goal-oriented, employment-focused coaching programs that serve low-income individuals. Facilitated by Sheena McConnell (Mathematica Policy Research), this session opened with an explanation of the conceptual and evidence-based underpinnings of coaching, and then featured presentations from three practitioners overseeing coaching programs in San Francisco, CA; Southeast Michigan; and Ramsey County, MN. Various methodologies were used across the presentations.
These PowerPoints are from the 2018 Research and Evaluation Conference on Self-Sufficiency (RECS). More information on the longer-term impacts and return on investment (ROI) of workforce strategies can help inform policymakers who must make difficult decisions with constrained resources. This panel focused on how program performance data, coupled with longer term cost and impact findings, can inform and support policymakers making difficult decisions about workforce strategies and programs.
This video and its accompanying presentation slides are from the 2018 Research and Evaluation Conference on Self-Sufficiency (RECS).This panel considered recent developments in job search assistance programs. The first paper suggested several possible pathways for such programs and considers the available evidence for each pathway. The next two papers presented research findings and a practitioner perspective from an impact evaluation of two different approaches to providing job search to cash assistance applicants in New York City. Molly Irwin moderated the panel (U.S.
SNAP E&T and State and local workforce agencies share a common goal of helping low-income individuals gain the skills necessary to qualify for jobs leading to self-sufficiency. A March 2016 joint letter issued by the Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) and the Department of Labor’s (DOL) Employment and Training Administration (ETA) encouraged SNAP and the workforce system to collaborate on shared strategies that connect SNAP participants to employment and training services through American Job Centers (AJCs).