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Improving skills through America’s workforce development system

Individual Author: 
Bauman, Kevin
Christensen, Cody

To address these labor market challenges, many have turned to America’s workforce development system. Recent efforts from Congress and the White House confirm that policymakers are serious about expanding job-training opportunities. But even with the heightened focus, a shockingly small percentage of individuals leveraging the workforce system combine available Department of Labor training funds with money from other federal and state programs—despite that many more might qualify for additional aid.

Rebuilding communities job subsidies

Individual Author: 
Neumark, David

Poverty remains a persistent problem in many areas in the United States. Existing place-based policies—especially enterprise zones—have generally failed to provide benefits to the least advantaged. Drawing on lessons from the often-negative findings on effects of past place-based policies, but preserving the potential advantage of policies that try to improve economic outcomes in specific areas, I propose a new place-based policy—Rebuilding Communities Job Subsidies, or RCJS—to encourage job and income growth in areas of economic disadvantage.

Changes in physical health among participants in a multidisciplinary health programme for long-term unemployed persons

Individual Author: 
Schutgens, Christine A.E.
Schuring, Merel
Voorham, Toon A.J.
Burdorf, Alex

Background: The relationship between poor health and unemployment is well established. Health promotion among unemployed persons may improve their health. The aims of this study were to investigate characteristics of non-participants and drop-outs in a multidisciplinary health promotion programme for long-term unemployed persons with health complaints, to evaluate changes in physical health among participants, and to investigate determinants of improvement in physical health. Methods: A longitudinal, non-controlled design was used.

The 2017 KIDS COUNT data book: State trends in child well-being

Individual Author: 
Gutierrez, Florencia
Speer, Laura
Boughamer, Beau
Fox, Ryan
Hamilton, Lisa
Hodgins, John
Laracy, Michael
West, Norris
Cauthen, Nancy

The 2017 KIDS COUNT Data Book urges policymakers not to back away from targeted investments that help U.S. children become healthier, more likely to complete high school and better positioned to contribute to the nation’s economy as adults. The Data Book also shows the child poverty rate in 2015 continued to drop, landing at 21%. In addition, children experienced gains in reading proficiency and a significant increase in the number of kids with health insurance.

ACF's career pathways portfolio: A closer look at early impact findings and interpretation

Individual Author: 
Forster, Hilary
Gardiner, Karen
Harvill, Eleanor
Klerman, Jacob

This session provided a closer look at implementation and impact findings from two rigorous career pathways evaluations: the Health Profession Opportunity Grants Impact Study and the Pathways for Advancing Careers and Education project. This was followed by a discussion of the broader career pathways literature and context for interpreting findings. Hilary Forster (Administration for Children and Families) moderated this session. Various methodologies were used across the presentations. (Author introduction)

TANF data trends and employment outcomes

Individual Author: 
Wiseman, Michael
Newell, Gabrielle
Frohlich, Lauren
Goerge, Robert
Hahn, Heather

Moderated by Gabrielle Newell (Administration for Children and Families/Business Strategy Consultants), this session explored how states meet work participation rate targets and spend their TANF funds; trends in program entry and exit among TANF recipients; and how states and the federal government measure employment outcomes in TANF. Michael Wiseman (Administration for Children and Families/George Washington University) served as discussant for this multifaceted exploration of TANF through data. Various methodologies were used across the presentations.

Engaging low-income men in workforce development programs

Individual Author: 
Blackwell, Wendy
Braswell, Kenneth
Doar, Robert
Klein Vogel, Lisa
Scott, Mindy

Can researchers and practitioners reverse the trend of low labor force participation among working-age men? This panel discussion highlighted a range of policy options, implementation findings from a study on employment services for noncustodial parents, and how the National Responsible Fatherhood Clearinghouse supports practitioners to develop workforce development activities in responsible fatherhood programs. Kenneth Braswell (Fathers Incorporated) moderated the session and Wendy Blackwell (Center for Urban Families) served as the discussant.

Bridging the opportunity divide for low-income youth: Implementation and early impacts of the Year Up program

Individual Author: 
Fein, David
Hamadyk, Jill

This report assesses the implementation and early impacts of Year Up, a national sectoral training program for young adults aged 18-24. Year Up aims to help low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete training leading to employment in high-demand, well-paying occupations.

Employment and disconnection among teens and young adults: The role of place, race, and education

Individual Author: 
Ross, Martha
Svajlenka, Nichole Prchal

The following analysis and related interactive examine employment trends among teens aged 16–19 and young adults aged 20–24, and compares these groups with adults aged 25–54—those typically considered to be in their prime working years. School is likely to be teens’ primary activity until high school graduation, but early work experiences (part-time and in the summer) can provide valuable opportunities for teens to learn new skills, gain experience, expand their networks, and develop positive relationships with adults.