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Bridging the opportunity divide for low-income youth: Implementation and early impacts of the Year Up program

Individual Author: 
Fein, David
Hamadyk, Jill

This report assesses the implementation and early impacts of Year Up, a national sectoral training program for young adults aged 18-24. Year Up aims to help low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete training leading to employment in high-demand, well-paying occupations.

Employment and disconnection among teens and young adults: The role of place, race, and education

Individual Author: 
Ross, Martha
Svajlenka, Nichole Prchal

The following analysis and related interactive examine employment trends among teens aged 16–19 and young adults aged 20–24, and compares these groups with adults aged 25–54—those typically considered to be in their prime working years. School is likely to be teens’ primary activity until high school graduation, but early work experiences (part-time and in the summer) can provide valuable opportunities for teens to learn new skills, gain experience, expand their networks, and develop positive relationships with adults.

The impact of full employment on African American employment and wages

Individual Author: 
Wilson, Valerie

Whether or not the economy is allowed to reach full recovery and full employment will have an outsized impact on African American workers, according to a new report for the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities by EPI Director of the Program on Race, Ethnicity, and the Economy, Valerie Wilson. In The Impact of Full Employment on African American Employment and Wages, Wilson examines four previous periods of economic recovery to illustrate the important role full employment can play in boosting wages and lowering unemployment for African American workers.

Hiring well, doing good in Georgia: Employment and earnings patterns and perspectives on policy

Individual Author: 
Lerman, Robert I.

Georgia’s economy suffered higher job losses in percentage terms than the US average during the Great Recession but regained jobs faster as well. This report examines Georgia’s job market and how to improve its performance. It covers educational, employment, and wage patterns by demographic group, family status, and region. The focus is on recent high school dropouts and graduates. The policy section reviews Georgia’s employment, training, and career-focused education programs and recommends approaches that can increase the job market success of Georgia’s young adults.

Use of unemployment insurance and public employment services after leaving welfare

Individual Author: 
O'Leary, Christopher J.

In this paper I examine the rates at which adults in households recently receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) become jobless, apply for and receive unemployment insurance (UI) benefits, and participate in publicly funded employment services. I also investigate the correlation of UI and employment services receipt with maintenance of self-sufficiency through return to work and independence from TANF. The analysis is based on person-level administrative program records from four of the nine largest states between 1997 and 2003.

Should UI eligibility be expanded to low-earning workers? Evidence on employment, transfer receipt, and income from administrative data

Individual Author: 
Leung, Pauline
O'Leary, Christopher J.

Recent efforts to expand unemployment insurance (UI) eligibility are expected to increase low-earning workers’ access to UI. Although the expansion’s aim is to smooth the income and consumption of previously ineligible workers, it is possible that UI benefits simply displace other sources of income. Standard economic models predict that UI delays reemployment, thereby reducing wage income. Additionally, low-earning workers are often eligible for benefits from means-tested programs, which may decrease with UI benefits.

Instituto del Progreso Latino's Carreras en Salud Program: Implementation and early impacts report

Individual Author: 
Martinson, Karin
Copson, Elizabeth
Gardiner, Karen
Kitrosser, Daniel

This report documents the implementation and early impacts of the Carreras en Salud (Careers in Health) program, operated by Instituto del Progreso Latino, in Chicago, Illinois. The Carreras en Salud program is one promising effort aimed at helping low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete occupational training that can lead to increased employment and higher earnings. A distinctive feature of this program is its focus on training for low-income Latinos for employment in healthcare occupations, primarily Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) and Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN).

Instituto del Progreso Latino's Carreras en Salud (Careers in Health) Program: Implementation and early impact report Pathways for Advancing Careers and Education (PACE)

Individual Author: 
Martinson, Karin
Copson, Elizabeth
Gardiner, Karen
Kitrosser, Daniel

This report documents the implementation and early impacts of the Carreras en Salud (Careers in Health) program, operated by Instituto del Progreso Latino, in Chicago, Illinois. The Carreras en Salud program is one promising effort aimed at helping low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete occupational training that can lead to increased employment and higher earnings. A distinctive feature of this program is its focus on training for low-income Latinos for employment in healthcare occupations, primarily Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) and Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN).

New evidence on integrated career pathways: Final impact report for Accelerating Opportunity

Individual Author: 
Anderson, Theresa
Kuehn, Daniel
Eyster, Lauren
Barnow, Burt S.
Lerman, Robert I.

This final impact report describes the effect of Accelerating Opportunity (AO) on education and employment outcomes for underprepared adult learners. Designed and led by Jobs for the Future and national partners, AO allowed adults with low basic skills to enroll in integrated career pathways at community and technical colleges. The quasi-experimental impact analysis shows that AO students earned more credentials while taking fewer credits, suggesting more efficient course-taking and accelerated learning.

Unemployment insurance

Individual Author: 
Woodbury, Stephen A.

Unemployment insurance (UI) provides temporary income support to workers who have lost their jobs and are seeking reemployment. This paper reviews the origins of the federal-state UI system in the United States and outlines its principles and goals. It also describes the conditions for benefit eligibility, the benefits themselves, and their financing through the UI payroll tax. The UI system is complex and includes many interested parties, including employers, worker advocates, state UI administrators, and the federal government.