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Immigrants

Resilience of children with refugee statuses: A research review

Individual Author: 
Pieloch, Kerrie A.
Marks, Amy K.
McCullough, Mary Beth

Over the past several decades, an increasing number of refugee children and families have involuntarily migrated to countries around the world to seek safety and refuge. As the refugee population increases, it is becoming more important to understand factors that promote and foster resilience among refugee youth. The present review examines the past 20 years of resilience research with refugee children to identify individual, family, school, community, and societal factors fostering resilience.

What would help DC residents have greater financial security?

Individual Author: 
Elliott, Diana
Quakenbush, Caleb

Washington, DC, is a city of contrasts with respect to residents’ financial security. While some residents are among the country’s most financially secure, others find it hard to make ends meet. High housing costs, unequal opportunity, and economically segregated neighborhoods make it challenging for some residents to feel financially secure and to weather unexpected expenses and emergencies.

Poverty and deep poverty in California

Individual Author: 
Wimer, Christopher
Mattingly, Marybeth
Danielson, Caroline
Kimberlin, Sara
Bohn, Sarah

The California Poverty Measure (CPM) is released annually to document the overall poverty rate, demographic differences in poverty, county and regional differences in poverty, and the effects of government policies and programs on poverty. The CPM was first released with 2011 data by a team of researchers from the Public Policy Institute of California and the Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality. It will continue to be released annually and with a reduced time lag as the CPM protocol comes to be regularized. (Author introduction)

Family structure and the well-being of immigrant children in four European countries

Individual Author: 
Kalmijn, Matthijs

Data on secondary school children in England, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden show that large differences exist in family structure within the minority population: In some groups, father absence is more common than among natives; in others, it is less common. These patterns reflect the differences in family structure in the origin countries, but the migration process also plays a role. Next, it is found that father absence has negative effects on immigrant children’s well-being, but these effects appear weaker in minority groups where father absence is more common.

Extended kin and children's behavioral functioning: Family structure and parental immigrant status

Individual Author: 
Kang, Jeehye
Cohen, Philip N.

Using the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (L.A. FANS), this paper examines the association between the presence of co-resident extended kin and children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors. The paper demonstrates the differential role of extended kin by family structure, as well as across parental immigrant status – specifically, nativity and documentation status. Children in the sample were found to be disadvantaged in extended family households, especially with regard to internalizing behaviors.

Positive parenting, family cohesion, and child social competence among immigrant Latino families

Individual Author: 
Leidy, Melinda S.
Guerra, Nancy G.
Toro, Rosa I.

The relation between positive parenting, family cohesion, and child social competence was examined among Latino families (predominantly from Mexico) who were recent immigrants to the United States. A mixed method study was conducted, including both pre- and post-test self-reported surveys (9-month interval) and qualitative data from focus groups. A total of 282 parents and 282 children (ages 9–12) participated in the survey study.

A resilience perspective on immigrant youth adaptation and development

Individual Author: 
Motti-Stefanidi, Frosso
Masten, Ann S.

Immigrant youth comprise a sizable and integral part of contemporary societies. Their successful adaptation is a high-stakes issue for them, their families and for society. In spite of the challenges they face, most of them adapt well in their new countries. However, considerable diversity in their adaptation has been reported. This chapter examines the question: “Who among immigrant youth adapt well and why?” To address this question, first, we propose a definition for positive immigrant youth adaptation.

Building evidence to inform local government decision making for immigrant incorporation in homogenous, bifurcated and multiethnic places

Individual Author: 
Smith, Richard

Although the Federal government is responsible for immigration policy, immigrant integration into the workforce and community happens through the work of local governments and non-governmental organizations. Recent scholarship has proposed that urban spatial structure influences whether local governments implement policy to incorporate immigrants which in turn shapes the context of reception.

Developmental trajectories of acculturation: Links with family functioning and mental health in recent-immigrant Hispanic adolescents

Individual Author: 
Schwartz, Seth J.
Unger, Jennifer B.
Zamboanga, Byron L.
Córdova, David
Mason, Craig A.
Huang, Shi
Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes
Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I.
Des Rosiers, Sabrina
Soto, Daniel W.
Villamar, Juan A.
Pattarroyo, Monica
Lizzi, Karina M.
Szapocznik, José

The present study was designed to examine acculturative changes, and their effects on mental health and family functioning, in recent-immigrant Hispanic adolescents. A sample of 302 Hispanic adolescents was assessed five times over a 2.5-year period. Participants completed measures of Hispanic and U.S. practices, collectivist and individualist values, and ethnic and U.S. identity at each timepoint. Baseline and Time 5 levels of mental health and family functioning were also assessed. Latent class growth analyses produced two-class solutions for practices, values, and identifications.

A quantitative analysis of correlates of English learner success in California

Individual Author: 
Betts, Julian
Bachofer, Karen Volz
Hayes, Joseph
Hill, Laura
Lee, Andrew
Zau, Andrew

The paper uses longitudinal student data to study the correlates of academic progress of English Learners (ELs) in the Los Angeles and San Diego Unified School Districts, which together account for roughly 15% of ELs in California and 5% in the nation. We focus on two types of ELs of special policy concern – Long Term ELs who have completed at least five years in the district without being reclassified as English-fluent, and Late Arriving ELs who arrive in the district during secondary school with low levels of English proficiency.