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Formerly Incarcerated/Reentering

Parole reentry and social capital: The centrality of homelessness

Individual Author: 
Walker, Alexandra
Hempel, Lynn
Unnithan, N. Prabha
Pogrebin, Mark R.

Why are some parolees more successful in reentering society compared to others? Using a social capital theoretical perspective, we explore the central role housing plays in reentry. Seventy-three semistructured personal interviews were conducted with parolees reentering the community. The authors compared and contrasted the experiences of individuals who were released to secure housing with those who were homeless. Having access to housing facilitates successful reentry by enabling the acquisition, accumulation, and deployment of social capital among ex-offenders.

“It was basically college to us”: Poverty, prison, and emerging adulthood

Individual Author: 
Comfort, Megan

With the tremendous rise in the United States' incarceration rates over the last four decades, historically high numbers of young African Americans are spending their “emerging adulthood” (as theorized by Arnett) in close contact with the penitentiary. In contrast to the exploration of future possibilities facilitated by academic, military, and professional institutions geared toward people in this life stage, imprisonment typically restricts one's social, occupational, and civic opportunities during and after confinement.

Incarceration and prisoner reentry in the United States

Individual Author: 
Raphael, Steven

This article addresses the reentry challenges faced by low-skilled men released from U.S. prisons. The author empirically characterizes the increases in incarceration occurring since 1970 and assesses the degree to which these changes result from changes in policy as opposed to changes in criminal behavior. The author discusses what is known about the children of inmates and the likelihood that a child in the United States has an incarcerated parent.

Fatherhood in the child support system: An innovative problem-solving approach to an old problem

Individual Author: 
Lee, Honorable Milton C.

The article is a summary of the development of the District of Columbia Superior Court's Fathering Court Initiative. The Fathering Court Initiative is a problem-solving court that has developed an innovative approach to child support cases that involves noncustodial parents returning from a period of incarceration. The program is designed to operate as a court based partnership between government and private sector organizations that match resources with family needs to promote responsible co-parenting. (author abstract)


The evaluation of the Newark Prisoner Re-entry Initiative Replication: Final report

Individual Author: 
Leufgen, Jillianne
Lea, Charles
Nicholson, Brandon
Rubin, Anna
Dunham, Kate

These reports examine the implementation of and results from the Newark Prisoner Re-entry Initiative replication (NPRIR). The Prisoner Reentry Initiative (PRI) model was designed to help ex-offenders make successful transitions to paid employment and involved intensive case management, assistance with work readiness, job search, job placement, and two distinctive features: 1) the provision of mentoring and 2) the use of faith-based and community organizations to deliver services.

Evaluation of the Re-Integration of Ex-Offenders (RExO) program: Two-year impact report

Individual Author: 
Wiegand, Andrew
Sussell, Jesse
Valentine, Erin
Henderson, Brittany

The Evaluation of the Re-Integration of Ex-Offenders (RExO) Program: Two-Year Impact Report The Reintegration of Ex-Offenders (RExO ) project began in 2005 as a joint initiative of the Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration (ETA), the Department of Justice, and several other federal agencies.

Narratives of commitment: Looking for work with a criminal record

Individual Author: 
Hlavka, Heather
Wheelock, Darren
Cossyleon, Jennifer

Unemployment is one of the most often cited barriers to reentry, yet we know little about how understandings of work inform the job-search strategies of men and women with felon status. How and why do individuals remain committed to the legitimate labor market and continue their search for employment? We categorized interviews from 38 Milwaukee County residents into four narrative typologies that (1) reflected understandings of work and job market challenges and (2) mapped onto reported job-search strategies.

Overcoming barriers to employment for youth in the juvenile justice system: A practical guide

Individual Author: 
Brown, David
O'Sullivan, Kate
Maxwell, Sarah

This Juvenile Sanctions Center (JSC) technical assistance bulletin gives practical detailed information about overcoming barriers to employment for juvenile offenders. It places the emphasis on the needs of the employer and focuses on how a youth can be counseled to show he or she has the skills and abilities to fill an employer’s needs. The authors have concentrated on a common sense approach to matching youth with employers and training youth for high demand occupations along with techniques to recruit enthusiastic employment specialists.

Promoting postsecondary success of court-involved youth: Lessons from the NYEC Postsecondary Success Pilot

Individual Author: 
Nemoy, Yelena

The National Youth Employment Coalition (NYEC), a national network of member organizations dedicated to improving the effectiveness of organizations that help youth become productive citizens, is pleased to announce its newest publication, Promoting Postsecondary Success of Court-Involved Youth: Lessons from the NYEC Postsecondary Success Pilot.

Vocational rehabilitation counselors' perceptions and experiences of career theory usage with people with a disability and a criminal record

Individual Author: 
Maiden, Rodney

Vocational guidance and career counseling is the primary service provided to all applicants applying for vocational rehabilitation services. Vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselors specialize in helping people with a disability acquire employment. Yet, when the person has a disability and a criminal record this adds an additional element for consideration. The object of this research is Louisiana vocational rehabilitation counselors in the Baton Rouge Regional Office (BRRO) and their vocational guidance and career counseling skills of people with a disability and a criminal record.