With incarceration rates in America at record high levels, the criminal justice system now touches the lives of millions of children each year. The imprisonment of nearly three-quarters of a million parents disrupts parent-child relationships, alters the networks of familial support, and places new burdens on governmental services such as schools, foster care, adoption agencies, and youth serving organizations. Few studies have explored the impact of parental incarceration on young children or identified the needs that arise from such circumstances.
Reentry may be thought of as a community-level process when it occurs in high concentrations. The concepts of social capital and collective efficacy have been used to explain the production and maintenance of disadvantage and its consequences. This paper considers the implications of reentry for social capital and collective efficacy, through its impact on families and other neighborhood collectives and institutions, in neighborhoods that experience concentrated levels of reentry.
In February 2007, the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction (ODRC) and CSH in Ohio announced a new supportive housing pilot, Returning Home-Ohio. This initiative is aimed at preventing homelessness and reducing recidivism for individuals returning to Ohio's communities from state prisons. Over the course of the pilot, ODRC has invested over $5 million which has been used for rental subsidies, tenant assistance, supportive services, program evaluation, and project management.
In this article, I examine the degree to which there might be long-lasting or late-life consequences in store for individuals who have been convicted of committing a crime. The goal is to determine whether the mass incarceration that the nation witnessed during the 1980s and 1990s might portend widening inequality in the future, when this generation gets old. (author abstract)
This article advises on how corrections officers should handle child support orders as part of a successful criminal offender rehabilitation and reintegration process. It responds to questions of responsibility for child support when the father was previously unaware of the child, determination of the amount of child support, and deduction of child support from wages. It details grants from the U.S. Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) to states including Maryland and Colorado. (Author abstract)
This background report aims to inform the child support community of the range of initiatives and efforts dealing with reentry, including relevant in- prison programming. We present a synopsis of key reentry research, current and recently completed, that relates to offenders and ex-offenders with family responsibilities. Reviewing the primary issues and services, the report draws from many sources, such as Bureau of Justice Statistics reports and prisoner reentry studies conducted by the Urban Institute and Vera Institute of Justice. (Author summary)
This presentation from the 2015 NAWRS conference provides findings from an implementation evaluation of YVLifeSet, a program for young adults who were in foster care of juvenile justice custody This program provides case management, coaching, and life skills education.
This study evaluated the family-inclusive case management component of the Chicago-based Safer Return program, which engages family members in service provision to former prisoners. Using qualitative and quantitative data, the research focused on the associations between family support and family members' and formerly incarcerated persons' short-term outcomes. The research found that family members have strong and positive relationships with their formerly incarcerated relatives.
Why are some parolees more successful in reentering society compared to others? Using a social capital theoretical perspective, we explore the central role housing plays in reentry. Seventy-three semistructured personal interviews were conducted with parolees reentering the community. The authors compared and contrasted the experiences of individuals who were released to secure housing with those who were homeless. Having access to housing facilitates successful reentry by enabling the acquisition, accumulation, and deployment of social capital among ex-offenders.
With the tremendous rise in the United States' incarceration rates over the last four decades, historically high numbers of young African Americans are spending their “emerging adulthood” (as theorized by Arnett) in close contact with the penitentiary. In contrast to the exploration of future possibilities facilitated by academic, military, and professional institutions geared toward people in this life stage, imprisonment typically restricts one's social, occupational, and civic opportunities during and after confinement.