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Formerly Incarcerated/Reentering

Incarceration, reentry and child support issues: National and state research overview

Individual Author: 
Center for Policy Research for the Office of Child Support Enforcement

This background report aims to inform the child support community of the range of initiatives and efforts dealing with reentry, including relevant in- prison programming. We present a synopsis of key reentry research, current and recently completed, that relates to offenders and ex-offenders with family responsibilities. Reviewing the primary issues and services, the report draws from many sources, such as Bureau of Justice Statistics reports and prisoner reentry studies conducted by the Urban Institute and Vera Institute of Justice. (Author summary)

Easing the transition to adulthood: One-year impact findings from the Youth Villages Transitional Living evaluation

Individual Author: 
Skemer, Melanie

This presentation from the 2015 NAWRS conference provides findings from an implementation evaluation of YVLifeSet, a program for young adults who were in foster care of juvenile justice custody This program provides case management, coaching, and life skills education.

Families and reentry: Unpacking how social support matters

Individual Author: 
Fontaine, Jocelyn
Gilchrist-Scott, Douglas
Denver, Megan
Rossman, Shelli B.

This study evaluated the family-inclusive case management component of the Chicago-based Safer Return program, which engages family members in service provision to former prisoners. Using qualitative and quantitative data, the research focused on the associations between family support and family members' and formerly incarcerated persons' short-term outcomes. The research found that family members have strong and positive relationships with their formerly incarcerated relatives.

Parole reentry and social capital: The centrality of homelessness

Individual Author: 
Walker, Alexandra
Hempel, Lynn
Unnithan, N. Prabha
Pogrebin, Mark R.

Why are some parolees more successful in reentering society compared to others? Using a social capital theoretical perspective, we explore the central role housing plays in reentry. Seventy-three semistructured personal interviews were conducted with parolees reentering the community. The authors compared and contrasted the experiences of individuals who were released to secure housing with those who were homeless. Having access to housing facilitates successful reentry by enabling the acquisition, accumulation, and deployment of social capital among ex-offenders.

“It was basically college to us”: Poverty, prison, and emerging adulthood

Individual Author: 
Comfort, Megan

With the tremendous rise in the United States' incarceration rates over the last four decades, historically high numbers of young African Americans are spending their “emerging adulthood” (as theorized by Arnett) in close contact with the penitentiary. In contrast to the exploration of future possibilities facilitated by academic, military, and professional institutions geared toward people in this life stage, imprisonment typically restricts one's social, occupational, and civic opportunities during and after confinement.

Incarceration and prisoner reentry in the United States

Individual Author: 
Raphael, Steven

This article addresses the reentry challenges faced by low-skilled men released from U.S. prisons. The author empirically characterizes the increases in incarceration occurring since 1970 and assesses the degree to which these changes result from changes in policy as opposed to changes in criminal behavior. The author discusses what is known about the children of inmates and the likelihood that a child in the United States has an incarcerated parent.

Fatherhood in the child support system: An innovative problem-solving approach to an old problem

Individual Author: 
Lee, Honorable Milton C.

The article is a summary of the development of the District of Columbia Superior Court's Fathering Court Initiative. The Fathering Court Initiative is a problem-solving court that has developed an innovative approach to child support cases that involves noncustodial parents returning from a period of incarceration. The program is designed to operate as a court based partnership between government and private sector organizations that match resources with family needs to promote responsible co-parenting. (author abstract)


The evaluation of the Newark Prisoner Re-entry Initiative Replication: Final report

Individual Author: 
Leufgen, Jillianne
Lea, Charles
Nicholson, Brandon
Rubin, Anna
Dunham, Kate

These reports examine the implementation of and results from the Newark Prisoner Re-entry Initiative replication (NPRIR). The Prisoner Reentry Initiative (PRI) model was designed to help ex-offenders make successful transitions to paid employment and involved intensive case management, assistance with work readiness, job search, job placement, and two distinctive features: 1) the provision of mentoring and 2) the use of faith-based and community organizations to deliver services.

Evaluation of the Re-Integration of Ex-Offenders (RExO) program: Two-year impact report

Individual Author: 
Wiegand, Andrew
Sussell, Jesse
Valentine, Erin
Henderson, Brittany

The Evaluation of the Re-Integration of Ex-Offenders (RExO) Program: Two-Year Impact Report The Reintegration of Ex-Offenders (RExO ) project began in 2005 as a joint initiative of the Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration (ETA), the Department of Justice, and several other federal agencies.

Narratives of commitment: Looking for work with a criminal record

Individual Author: 
Hlavka, Heather
Wheelock, Darren
Cossyleon, Jennifer

Unemployment is one of the most often cited barriers to reentry, yet we know little about how understandings of work inform the job-search strategies of men and women with felon status. How and why do individuals remain committed to the legitimate labor market and continue their search for employment? We categorized interviews from 38 Milwaukee County residents into four narrative typologies that (1) reflected understandings of work and job market challenges and (2) mapped onto reported job-search strategies.