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Formerly Incarcerated/Reentering

Earnings and child support participation among reentering fathers

Individual Author: 
Mellgren, Linda
McKay, Tasseli
Landwehr, Justin
Bir, Anupa
Helburn, Amy
Lindquist, Christine
Krieger, Kate

A father’s incarceration can represent a serious threat to economic stability for his children and family, yet little is known about earnings and child support payments among justice-involved men over the course of incarceration and release. This brief presents findings on pre- and post-incarceration wages and child support participation in the five impact sites of the Multi-site Family Study on Incarceration, Parenting and Partnering (MFS-IP). This analysis matches MFS-IP survey data with state administrative data on wages and child support participation to examine this gap.

Child welfare reentry and multi-system involvement: Examining cumulative risk and protective factors

Individual Author: 
Shaw, Terry V.
Goering, Emily
Shipe, Stacey
Betsinger, Sara
Farrell, Jill

This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop summarizes how demographics, behavior, family characteristics, child welfare history, juvenile services history, and other policy factors impact reentry.

Promoting responsible fatherhood programming: Factors affecting low-income fathers' involvement in child protection services and court-restricted access to their children

Individual Author: 
Gordon, Derrick M.
Watkins, Natasha D.
Kershaw, Trace
Mason, Diana
Judkins, Anthony
Iwamoto, Derek

This study investigates how unemployment, traumatic sexual experiences, substance use, intimate partner violence, and parental involvement collectively contribute to involvement with child protective system (CPS) and court-restricted access to children among low-income, ethnically diverse fathers. Participants were 164 fathers involved in a statewide fatherhood program. The majority of the fathers in the program were unemployed (76%) and ethnic minorities (66%).

Child support, debt, and prisoner reentry: Examining the influences of prisoners' legal and financial obligations on reentry

Individual Author: 
Roman, Caterina G.
Link, Nathan

Former prisoners are increasingly facing the burden of financial debt associated with legal and criminal justice obligations in the U.S., yet little research has pursued how— theoretically or empirically—the burden of debt might affect key outcomes in prisoner reentry. To address the limited research, we examine the impact that having legal child support (CS) obligations has on employment and recidivism using data from the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI).

Longitudinal associations among child support debt, employment, and recidivism after prison

Individual Author: 
Roman, Caterina G.
Link, Nathan W.

Recently released prisoners in the United States are increasingly facing the burden of financial debt associated with correctional supervision, yet little research has pursued how-theoretically or empirically-the burden of debt might affect life after prison. To address this gap, we employ life course and strain perspectives and path analysis to examine the impact of child support debt on employment and recidivism, using longitudinal data from an evaluation of a prisoner reentry program known as the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative.

Supporting healthy marriages among fathers with histories of incarceration: Activities and lessons learned from six Responsible Fatherhood programs

Individual Author: 
Fontaine, Jocelyn
Eisenstat, Josh
Cramer, Lindsey

The Fatherhood Reentry projects provided activities to fathers (and their families) in institutional settings as they were nearing release (“prerelease”) and in their offices located in the community (“postrelease”). All six projects provided services in multiple institutional settings: federal prisons (KISRA), state prisons (KISRA, LSS, NJDOC, PB&J, RIDGE, and Rubicon), county/regional jails (KISRA, PB&J, RIDGE, and Rubicon), and residential substance abuse treatment facilities (Rubicon).

Encouraging responsible parenting among fathers with histories of incarceration: Activities and lessons from six Responsible Fatherhood programs

Individual Author: 
Fontaine, Jocelyn
Cramer, Lindsey
Paddock, Ellen

The Fatherhood Reentry projects provided activities to fathers (and their families) in institutional settings as they were nearing release (“prerelease”) and in their offices located in the community (“postrelease”). All six projects provided services in multiple institutional settings: federal prisons (KISRA), state prisons (KISRA, LSS, NJDOC, PB&J, RIDGE, and Rubicon), county/regional jails (KISRA, PBandJ, RIDGE, and Rubicon), and residential substance abuse treatment facilities (Rubicon).

Promoting the economic stability of fathers with histories of incarceration: Activities and lessons from six Responsible Fatherhood programs

Individual Author: 
Fontaine, Jocelyn
Kurs, Emma

With funding from the Office of Family Assistance (OFA), the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation contracted with the Urban Institute to conduct an implementation evaluation of OFA’s Community-Centered Responsible Fatherhood Ex-Prisoner Reentry Pilot Projects (“Fatherhood Reentry”). Six organizations were funded to implement a range of activities intended to help stabilize fathers and their families, help move fathers toward economic self sufficiency, and reduce recidivism.

Final implementation findings from the Responsible Fatherhood Reentry Projects

Individual Author: 
Fontaine, Jocelyn
Cramer, Lindsey
Kurs, Emma
Paddock, Ellen
Eisenstat, Josh
Levy, Jeremy
Hussemann, Jeanette

The evaluation of the Community-Centered Responsible Fatherhood Ex-Prisoner Reentry Pilot Projects (“Fatherhood Reentry”) documented the implementation of six programs designed to help stabilize fathers and their families, help move fathers toward economic self-sufficiency, and reduce recidivism. This report presents the findings from the evaluation and provides an overview of the activities implemented by the programs, describes their various approaches to implementation, and identifies the implementation challenges they faced and the solutions they used to overcome those challenges.