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Formerly Incarcerated/Reentering

Promoting responsible fatherhood programming: Factors affecting low-income fathers' involvement in child protection services and court-restricted access to their children

Individual Author: 
Gordon, Derrick M.
Watkins, Natasha D.
Kershaw, Trace
Mason, Diana
Judkins, Anthony
Iwamoto, Derek

This study investigates how unemployment, traumatic sexual experiences, substance use, intimate partner violence, and parental involvement collectively contribute to involvement with child protective system (CPS) and court-restricted access to children among low-income, ethnically diverse fathers. Participants were 164 fathers involved in a statewide fatherhood program. The majority of the fathers in the program were unemployed (76%) and ethnic minorities (66%).

Child support, debt, and prisoner reentry: Examining the influences of prisoners' legal and financial obligations on reentry

Individual Author: 
Roman, Caterina G.
Link, Nathan

Former prisoners are increasingly facing the burden of financial debt associated with legal and criminal justice obligations in the U.S., yet little research has pursued how— theoretically or empirically—the burden of debt might affect key outcomes in prisoner reentry. To address the limited research, we examine the impact that having legal child support (CS) obligations has on employment and recidivism using data from the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI).

Longitudinal associations among child support debt, employment, and recidivism after prison

Individual Author: 
Roman, Caterina G.
Link, Nathan W.

Recently released prisoners in the United States are increasingly facing the burden of financial debt associated with correctional supervision, yet little research has pursued how-theoretically or empirically-the burden of debt might affect life after prison. To address this gap, we employ life course and strain perspectives and path analysis to examine the impact of child support debt on employment and recidivism, using longitudinal data from an evaluation of a prisoner reentry program known as the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative.

Supporting healthy marriages among fathers with histories of incarceration: Activities and lessons learned from six Responsible Fatherhood programs

Individual Author: 
Fontaine, Jocelyn
Eisenstat, Josh
Cramer, Lindsey

The Fatherhood Reentry projects provided activities to fathers (and their families) in institutional settings as they were nearing release (“prerelease”) and in their offices located in the community (“postrelease”). All six projects provided services in multiple institutional settings: federal prisons (KISRA), state prisons (KISRA, LSS, NJDOC, PB&J, RIDGE, and Rubicon), county/regional jails (KISRA, PB&J, RIDGE, and Rubicon), and residential substance abuse treatment facilities (Rubicon).

Encouraging responsible parenting among fathers with histories of incarceration: Activities and lessons from six Responsible Fatherhood programs

Individual Author: 
Fontaine, Jocelyn
Cramer, Lindsey
Paddock, Ellen

The Fatherhood Reentry projects provided activities to fathers (and their families) in institutional settings as they were nearing release (“prerelease”) and in their offices located in the community (“postrelease”). All six projects provided services in multiple institutional settings: federal prisons (KISRA), state prisons (KISRA, LSS, NJDOC, PB&J, RIDGE, and Rubicon), county/regional jails (KISRA, PBandJ, RIDGE, and Rubicon), and residential substance abuse treatment facilities (Rubicon).

Promoting the economic stability of fathers with histories of incarceration: Activities and lessons from six Responsible Fatherhood programs

Individual Author: 
Fontaine, Jocelyn
Kurs, Emma

With funding from the Office of Family Assistance (OFA), the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation contracted with the Urban Institute to conduct an implementation evaluation of OFA’s Community-Centered Responsible Fatherhood Ex-Prisoner Reentry Pilot Projects (“Fatherhood Reentry”). Six organizations were funded to implement a range of activities intended to help stabilize fathers and their families, help move fathers toward economic self sufficiency, and reduce recidivism.

Final implementation findings from the Responsible Fatherhood Reentry Projects

Individual Author: 
Fontaine, Jocelyn
Cramer, Lindsey
Kurs, Emma
Paddock, Ellen
Eisenstat, Josh
Levy, Jeremy
Hussemann, Jeanette

The evaluation of the Community-Centered Responsible Fatherhood Ex-Prisoner Reentry Pilot Projects (“Fatherhood Reentry”) documented the implementation of six programs designed to help stabilize fathers and their families, help move fathers toward economic self-sufficiency, and reduce recidivism. This report presents the findings from the evaluation and provides an overview of the activities implemented by the programs, describes their various approaches to implementation, and identifies the implementation challenges they faced and the solutions they used to overcome those challenges.

Connecting justice-involved individuals with health homes at reentry: New York and Rhode Island

Individual Author: 
Spillman, Brenda C.
Clemans-Cope, Lisa
Mallik-Kane, Kamala
Hayes, Emily

Many states have expanded Medicaid eligibility to reach a wider array of vulnerable and historically uninsured populations. While Medicaid cannot pay for medical services provided in prisons or jails, people who are arrested and incarcerated can enroll in Medicaid and become eligible for benefits in the community. Given the high prevalence of mental health issues, substance abuse, and chronic health conditions among criminal justice populations, providing health care services to them could improve public health and public safety outcomes.

Criminal background checks: Impact on employment and recidivism

Individual Author: 
Duane, Marina
La Vigne, Nancy G.
Reimal, Emily
Lynch, Mathew

Criminal background checks continue to be a routine practice among many employers in the United States. According to a recent survey, almost 60 percent of employers screen job applicants for their criminal histories. Despite their prevalence, criminal background checks often generate flawed or incomplete reports, with some reports failing to include conviction information. Such flaws may undermine the value of the screenings to employers and prevent suitable candidates who pose no additional risk to the public from securing a job.

Mentoring formerly incarcerated adults: Evidence from the Ready4Work Reentry Initiative

Individual Author: 
Bauldry, Shawn
Korom-Djakovic, Danijela
McClanahan, Wendy S.
McMaken, Jennifer
Kotloff, Lauren J.

This report tells how the Ready4Work program, which aims to ease an ex-prisoner’s transition home, added a mentoring component to its suite of reentry support services. Readers will learn how 11 sites packaged this new component, who participated and what initial outcomes say about mentoring’s capacity for impacting the lives of former inmates (hint: it’s all positive — and worthy of a deeper look!). (Author abstract)