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Formerly Incarcerated/Reentering

Implementation and sustainability of juvenile reentry programs in Second Chance Act sites: Evaluation sites in Oklahoma and Virginia

Individual Author: 
Hussermann, Jeanette
Liberman, Akiva
Parks, Erika

Delivering reentry services to youth proves challenging. This brief describes the implementation and sustainability of two Juvenile Second Chance Act reentry programs in Oklahoma and Virginia. Drawing from semi-structured interviews with grantees and community and state stakeholders conducted between 2013 and 2016, evaluators document the challenges to providing prerelease support and coordinating services among institutional and community supervision agencies and organizations.

Child support conviction and recidivism: A statistical interaction pattern by race

Individual Author: 
Spjeldnes, Solveig
Yamatani, Hide
Davis, Maggie M.

An estimated 50,000 parents are behind bars on average daily for child support nonpayment, but information about these fathers and their recidivism rates are lacking. Using a jail sample (N = 16,382), multinomial logistics regression method was utilized; subgroup analysis was used to investigate differential beta weights of predictor variables. Informed by Critical Race Theory, findings showed that fathers incarcerated for arrears had significantly higher rates of recidivism than other jailed men, but had an interaction effect with race.

Strategies for reducing criminal and juvenile justice involvement: Building ladders of opportunity for young people in the Great Lakes states, brief 4

Individual Author: 
Jannetta, Jesse
Okeke, Cameron

Crime, victimization, and justice system responses greatly affect the life prospects of the most vulnerable Great Lakes youth, restricting their access to ladders of opportunity. This brief describes how crime and justice involvement impact youth development and opportunity generally, and explores the specific crime and justice intervention context in the Great Lakes states.

Multi-site family study on incarceration, parenting and partnering: Program impacts technical report

Individual Author: 
Lindquist, Christine
Steffey, Danielle
Tueller, Stephen
McKay, Tasseli
Bir, Anupa
Feinberg, Rose
Ramirez, Derek

This report presents findings on the impact of couples-based family strengthening services in four prison-based programs from the Multi-Site Family Study on Incarceration, Parenting and Partnering (MFS-IP) and discusses the implications for policy, programs, and future research. In one of the four grantee programs, the low-dosage healthy relationship retreat had sustained positive effects on multiple partnership and parenting relationship outcomes for a low-income, justice-involved population. This evaluation attempted to isolate the impacts of relatively low-dosage couples programming.

The effects of a criminal record on employment, welfare participation, and health: A model of long-run behaviors and outcomes when lagged variables are missing non-randomly

Individual Author: 
Fu, Ning
Gilleskie, Donna B,
Kneipp, Shawn
Schwartz, Todd
Sheely, Amanda

The authors study the collateral consequences of women's criminal records on their future employment, welfare participation, and health outcomes. We jointly estimate dynamic structural equations for life-cycle behaviors (employment, school enrollment, and welfare receipt), criminal offenses, and general and mental health outcomes using a cohort of disadvantaged women surveyed at five non-uniform intervals over thirteen years.

Earnings and child support participation among reentering fathers

Individual Author: 
Mellgren, Linda
McKay, Tasseli
Landwehr, Justin
Bir, Anupa
Helburn, Amy
Lindquist, Christine
Krieger, Kate

A father’s incarceration can represent a serious threat to economic stability for his children and family, yet little is known about earnings and child support payments among justice-involved men over the course of incarceration and release. This brief presents findings on pre- and post-incarceration wages and child support participation in the five impact sites of the Multi-site Family Study on Incarceration, Parenting and Partnering (MFS-IP). This analysis matches MFS-IP survey data with state administrative data on wages and child support participation to examine this gap.

Child welfare reentry and multi-system involvement: Examining cumulative risk and protective factors

Individual Author: 
Shaw, Terry V.
Goering, Emily
Shipe, Stacey
Betsinger, Sara
Farrell, Jill

This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop summarizes how demographics, behavior, family characteristics, child welfare history, juvenile services history, and other policy factors impact reentry.

Promoting responsible fatherhood programming: Factors affecting low-income fathers' involvement in child protection services and court-restricted access to their children

Individual Author: 
Gordon, Derrick M.
Watkins, Natasha D.
Kershaw, Trace
Mason, Diana
Judkins, Anthony
Iwamoto, Derek

This study investigates how unemployment, traumatic sexual experiences, substance use, intimate partner violence, and parental involvement collectively contribute to involvement with child protective system (CPS) and court-restricted access to children among low-income, ethnically diverse fathers. Participants were 164 fathers involved in a statewide fatherhood program. The majority of the fathers in the program were unemployed (76%) and ethnic minorities (66%).

Child support, debt, and prisoner reentry: Examining the influences of prisoners' legal and financial obligations on reentry

Individual Author: 
Roman, Caterina G.
Link, Nathan

Former prisoners are increasingly facing the burden of financial debt associated with legal and criminal justice obligations in the U.S., yet little research has pursued how— theoretically or empirically—the burden of debt might affect key outcomes in prisoner reentry. To address the limited research, we examine the impact that having legal child support (CS) obligations has on employment and recidivism using data from the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative (SVORI).