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Formerly Incarcerated/Reentering

Promoting education: The two-generation approach of the Community Action Project of Tulsa, OK

Individual Author: 
Sommer, Teresa Eckrich
Sabol, Terri
Smith, Tara
Dow, Steven
Barczak, Monica
Chase-Lansdale, P. Lindsay
Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
Yoshikawa, Hirokazu
King, Christopher T.

Two-generation programs - which provide workforce development, skills training, and social capital development to parents while their children attend quality early childhood education programs - are a promising anti-poverty strategy and are gaining interest across the country. Early childhood education programs, like Head Start and Early Head Start, are central resources for improving the life opportunities of low-income children.

Insurance status of urban detained adolescents

Individual Author: 
Aalsma, Matthew C.
Blythe, Margaret J.
Tong, Yan
Harezlak, Jaroslaw
Rosenman, Marc B.

The primary goal was to describe the health care coverage of detained youth. An exploratory second goal was to describe the possible relationship between redetention and coverage. Health care coverage status was abstracted from electronic detention center records for 1,614 adolescents in an urban detention center (October 2006 to December 2007). The majority of detained youth reported having Medicaid coverage (66%); 18% had private insurance and 17% had no insurance. Lack of insurance was more prevalent among older, male, and Hispanic youth.

Trauma-informed approaches for programs serving fathers in re-entry: A review of the literature and environmental scan

Individual Author: 
Dion, Robin
LaFlair, Lareina
Azur, Melissa
Morzuch, Michaella
D’Angelo, Angela

Many responsible fatherhood program participants have incarceration histories (Dion et al., 2018). Evidence is growing that many men with incarceration histories have experienced trauma early in life, and that experiencing trauma may complicate their efforts to reconnect with and support their families after incarceration.

Breaking the homelessness–jail cycle in Denver

Individual Author: 
Gillespie, Sarah
Hanson, Devlin
Cunningham, Mary K.
Pergamit, Mike
Kooragayala, Shiva

An experiment in supportive housing is beginning to pay off for the city of Denver, its homeless residents, and a group of investors banking on social impact. This fact sheet highlights early results from the Denver Supportive Housing Social Impact Bond Initiative. (Author abstract)


Leveraging administrative data: New data analytics tools and testing outcomes of social service programs

Individual Author: 
Schretzman, Maryanne
Hendra, Richard
Martens, Andy
Pecaut, Chris

While data analytics presents new opportunities to test programs for efficacy and efficiencies, they also highlight a need for improved datasets and underscore the importance of research-practitioner partnerships. This session presented experimental research findings from studies in New York City and the state of Illinois that have used new methodologies and unique data sets to link administrative data across agencies, and the value of using predictive analytics to forecast future social outcomes.

Employment after prison: A longitudinal study of releasees in three states

Individual Author: 
Visher, Christy
Debus-Sherrill, Sara
Yahner, Jennifer

In this brief, we explore the reality of finding employment after prison from the perspective of 740 former male prisoners in Illinois, Ohio, and Texas. Interviews were conducted as part of a comprehensive, longitudinal study entitled Returning Home: Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry. Eight months after prison, 65 percent of respondents had been employed at some point, but only 45 percent were currently employed. Those who held a job while in prison or participated in job-training programs had better employment outcomes after release.

Ex-offenders and the labor market

Individual Author: 
Schmitt, John
Warner, Kris

We use Bureau of Justice Statistics data to estimate that, in 2008, the United States had between 12 and 14 million ex-offenders of working age. Because a prison record or felony conviction greatly lowers ex-offenders’ prospects in the labor market, we estimate that this large population lowered the total male employment rate that year by 1.5 to 1.7 percentage points. In GDP terms, these reductions in employment cost the U.S. economy between $57 and $65 billion in lost output. (Author introduction)

Investigating prisoner reentry: The impact of conviction status on the employment prospects of young men

Individual Author: 
Pager, Devah
Western, Bruce

The study found a strong reluctance among employers to hire applicants with criminal records, especially Black ex-offenders; however, employment prospects improved significantly for applicants who had an opportunity to interact with the hiring manager, particularly when these interactions elicited sympathetic responses from the manager. Although individual characteristics of employers were significant for outcomes, researchers concluded that the personal interaction between the applicant and prospective employer was in itself a key factor in a successful hiring.

Employment pathways for boys and young men of color: Solutions and strategies that can make a difference

Individual Author: 
Bird, Kisha
Okoh, Clarence

Employment is an important part of youth development and the successful progression into young adulthood. Young people learn important communication and social skills, and are also exposed to careers, workplace culture, and opportunities to hone problem-solving and interpersonal skills. Research reinforces the importance of early work experience, especially for poor and low-income youth. Youth employment strategies, including summer jobs, paid internships, and year-round subsidized work experiences, can be linked to a broader approach to address poverty.