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Formerly Incarcerated/Reentering

Bridges to education and employment for justice-involved youth

Individual Author: 
Cramer, Lindsey
Lynch, Mathew
Goff, Margaret
Esthappan, Sino
Reginal, Travis
Leitson, David

This report documents evaluation findings of NYC Justice Corps, a workforce readiness and recidivism reduction program for justice-involved youth, and describes the strengths and challenges as perceived by program staff, participants, and stakeholders. The evaluation highlights what Justice Corps providers—and similar programs—might learn as they work to integrate the goals of education, employment, and cognitive and psychosocial development into program services and activities for justice-involved youth.

Examining the relationship between incarceration and child support arrears among low-income fathers

Individual Author: 
McLeod, Branden A.
Gottlieb, Aaron

The child support program promotes parental responsibility, so that children receive support from both parents even when they live in separate households. While this program aims to reduce poverty, the program has financially burdensome consequences for low income, noncustodial parents who have experienced incarceration. Noncustodial parents may accrue arrears when they are unable to work due to incarceration. This study examines the relationship between incarceration and child support arrears among low-income fathers.

Improving outcomes for transitional youth: Considerations for Pay for Success projects

Individual Author: 
Mitra-Majumdar, Mayookha
Fudge, Keith
Ramakrishnan, Kriti

Transitional youth are young people ages 16 to 24 who leave foster care without being adopted or reunited with their biological families and/or who are involved in the juvenile justice system, where they may be in detention or subject to terms of probation. With childhoods often marked by trauma and a lack of stability, transitional youth face notoriously poor outcomes across many areas of life. Pay for success (PFS) may provide an opportunity to address some of the challenges faced by transitional youth and the difficulties in serving them.

How the Affordable Care Act affects inmates

Individual Author: 
Forstenzer Espinosa, Juliette
Regenstein, Marsha

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) represents an enormous opportunity to address the health needs of adults at risk for incarceration. This installment of Law and the Public's Health considers the ACA from this perspective. Following an overview of the health of the justice-involved population, the Act's key insurance elements are described, along with their implications for people at risk of incarceration, including the challenge of coordinating coverage reforms with health care during periods of incarceration. (Excerpt from author introduction)

Forgotten fathers

Individual Author: 
Hatcher, Daniel L.

Poor fathers like John are largely forgotten, written off as a subset of the unworthy poor. These fathers struggle with poverty - often with near hopelessness - within multiple systems in which they are either entangled or overlooked, such as child-support and welfare programs, family courts, the criminal justice system, housing programs, and the healthcare, education, and foster-care systems.

Father reentry and child outcomes

Individual Author: 
Craigie, Terry-Ann
Pratt, Eleanor
McDaniel, Marla

More than 2.7 million children have an incarcerated parent, and many more have experienced a parent’s incarceration at some point. Research finds that parental incarceration negatively affects children’s physical, mental, and emotional health. One might presume that child outcomes improve when a parent returns from incarceration, but the evidence shows that reentry can be difficult for parents and their children.

Health associations of drug-involved and criminal-justice-involved adults in the United States

Individual Author: 
Vaughn, Michael G.
Salas-Wright, Christopher P.
Delisi, Matt
Piquero, Alex R.

A burgeoning criminological literature has identified important intersections between public health, crime, and antisocial behavior. This study is based on public-use data collected between 2006 and 2010 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and an analytical sample of men (N = 84,054) and women (N = 95,308) between the ages of 18 and 64. Latent class analysis (LCA) identified three classes: a large normative group, a small drug-involved group, and a criminal-justice-involved group.

Denver Pay for Success Initiative: Supportive housing

Individual Author: 
Gillespie, Sarah
Hanson, Devlin
Cunningham, Mary
Pergamit, Michael

A few years ago, Denver’s Crime Prevention and Control Commission (CPCC) recognized that there was a population of “frequent users” - individuals who cycle in and out of jail – who they believed were chronically homeless and suffered from mental health and substance abuse problems. The CPCC did a data match pulling homeless system data, healthcare utilization data, and criminal justice data together for 250 frequent users to see how these individuals touched other systems.

Developing American Job Centers in jails: Implementation of the Linking to Employment Activities Pre-Release (LEAP) grants

Individual Author: 
Bellotti, Jeanne
Sattar, Samina
Gould-Werth, Alix
Berk, Jillian
Gutierrez, Ivette
Stein, Jillian
Betesh, Hannah
Ochoa, Lindsay
Wiegand, Andrew

To help individuals successfully reenter society after time in jail, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) awarded $10 million in grants to 20 local workforce development boards (LWDBs) in June 2015 for the Linking to Employment Activities PreRelease (LEAP) initiative. Central to the LEAP initiative was creating jail-based American Job Centers (AJCs) with direct linkages to community-based AJCs.

Evaluation report on New York City’s Advocate, Intervene, Mentor program

Individual Author: 
Cramer, Lindsey
Lynch, Mathew
Lipman, Micaela
Yu, Lilly
Astone, Nan Marie

This report presents the findings of an implementation and outcome evaluation of the Advocate, Intervene, Mentor (AIM) program, a court-mandated juvenile alternative-to-placement program serving probation clients ages 13 to 18 years with high criminogenic risk. The evaluation finds that AIM successfully helps participants avoid out-of-home placement1 and reduce recidivism, as well as pursue and achieve individualized goals to help reduce their risk of reoffending. (Edited author introduction)