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Formerly Incarcerated/Reentering

Employment after prison: A longitudinal study of releasees in three states

Individual Author: 
Visher, Christy
Debus-Sherrill, Sara
Yahner, Jennifer

In this brief, we explore the reality of finding employment after prison from the perspective of 740 former male prisoners in Illinois, Ohio, and Texas. Interviews were conducted as part of a comprehensive, longitudinal study entitled Returning Home: Understanding the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry. Eight months after prison, 65 percent of respondents had been employed at some point, but only 45 percent were currently employed. Those who held a job while in prison or participated in job-training programs had better employment outcomes after release.

Don't forget dad: Addressing women's poverty by rethinking forced and outdated child support policies

Individual Author: 
Hatcher, Daniel L.

In the dialogues regarding reducing poverty among women, especially mothers, the inextricably linked issues surrounding low-income men must be simultaneously considered. In social policy addressing women’s poverty, poor fathers have too often been considered primarily as an enemy to be pursued rather than a fellow victim of poverty’s wrath, and potential partner towards the cure. We want someone to blame, and many assume that poor single mothers are best served by always being encouraged — and even forced — to pursue the noncustodial fathers for financial support through adversarial means.

Work and opportunity before and after incarceration

Individual Author: 
Looney, Adam
Turner, Nicholas

The tax code provides subsidies for employers to hire ex-felons, to promote employment among low-income workers, and to encourage economic opportunity in distressed areas. These incentives are motivated to different degrees by a belief that economic opportunity facilitates successful reintegration of ex-felons and deters entry into crime. In this paper, we offer a more comprehensive view of the labor market opportunities of ex-prisoners in the U.S. by linking data from the entire prison population to earnings records over a sixteen year period.

Arches Transformative Mentoring program: An implementation and impact evaluation in New York City

Individual Author: 
Lynch, Mathew
Astone, Nan Marie
Collazos, Juan
Lipman, Micaela
Esthappan, Sino

This report evaluates the New York City-based Arches Transformative Mentoring program, finding that participation in the program reduces one-year felony reconviction by over two-thirds, and reduces two-year felony reconviction by over half, with especially profound impacts for the youngest program participants. The program's evidence-based curriculum is completed over a 6-12-month period and delivered in a group setting by "credible messengers," direct service professionals with backgrounds similar to the populations they serve.

Residential instability among the formerly incarcerated

Individual Author: 
Herbert, Claire
Morenoff, Jeffrey
Harding, David
Purvis, Liam

This research analyzes the predictors of homelessness and housing instability among the formerly incarcerated, drawing on data on thousands of individuals over a multi- year study of prisoner reentry in Michigan. Higher earnings and social support from parents and romantic partners are the most effective buffers against residential insecurity among former prisoners, while forced moves to correctional facilities are correlated with future residential instability.

Employment hope as an empowerment pathway to self-sufficiency among exoffenders

Individual Author: 
Young P. Hong, Phillip
Choi, Sangmi
Lewis, Dara

The purpose of this research is to examine the process of psychological empowerment as it impacts exoffenders’ self-sufficiency. This transformational process of social inclusion involves developing employment hope as one strives for economic success. Using a sample of 154 exoffenders receiving services from a community-based social service organization in Chicago, this study investigated how self-esteem, self-efficacy, and employment hope affect self-sufficiency.

Implementation and sustainability of juvenile reentry programs in Second Chance Act sites: Evaluation sites in Oklahoma and Virginia

Individual Author: 
Hussermann, Jeanette
Liberman, Akiva
Parks, Erika

Delivering reentry services to youth proves challenging. This brief describes the implementation and sustainability of two Juvenile Second Chance Act reentry programs in Oklahoma and Virginia. Drawing from semi-structured interviews with grantees and community and state stakeholders conducted between 2013 and 2016, evaluators document the challenges to providing prerelease support and coordinating services among institutional and community supervision agencies and organizations.