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American Indian/Alaskan Native/Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

Psychometric analyses of child outcome measures with American Indian and Alaska Native preschoolers: Initial evidence from AI/AN FACES 2015

Individual Author: 
Malone, Lizabeth
Bernstein, Sara
Atkins-Burnett, Sally
Xue, Yange


AI/AN FACES 2015 is the first national study of Region XI AI/AN Head Start children and their families, classrooms, and programs. To date, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) has been a major source of descriptive information on Head Start and preschool children ages 3 to 5 years old who attend the program. FACES gathers data from Regions I-X, the 10 geographically based Head Start regions, with the most recent round conducted in 2014.

An evidence-based approach to strengthening American Indian/Alaska Native communities

Individual Author: 
Parents as Teachers

Over the past 20 years, the Parents as Teachers model has been adapted and delivered in more than 100 Tribal communities in the U.S. During this time, more than 10,000 Native American families have been served by Parents as Teachers. More than half of the today’s federal Tribal Maternal, Infant, Early Childhood Home Visiting Tribes have chosen Parents as Teachers as their preferred home visiting model, citing the organization’s history of working with American Indian and Alaskan Native families. (Author introduction)

Evaluating the challenges to self-sufficiency faced by Tribal TANF clients in Alaska

Individual Author: 
Driscoll, David
Dotterrer, Bruce
Johnson, Janet
Reilly, Katie
Shimer, Sarah
Mitchell, Erica
Szafran, Quenna

This study is an inquiry into the characteristics of the Tribal TANF recipient population, and explores the barriers recipients are facing in achieving self-sufficiency. Three sources of data are used in this analysis: Tribal TANF client population data, survey results of Tribal TANF recipients, and results of in-depth interviews with Tribal TANF case managers. (Edited author executive summary)

Descriptive evaluation design report for the national evaluation: National and tribal evaluation of the 2nd generation of Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG 2.0)

Individual Author: 
Werner, Alan
Koralek, Robin
Locke, Gretchen
Loprest, Pamela
Eyster, Lauren

The Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Program is designed to deliver high-quality training in the health professions to eligible individuals. A National Evaluation of 27 grants awarded in 2015 as part of the second round of HPOG grants (HPOG 2.0) is currently underway. The National Evaluation will include a Descriptive Evaluation of the implementation, outcomes, and local service delivery systems of the grants as well as an Impact Evaluation of the grants’ impacts on participants and the HPOG Program’s costs and benefits.

Reducing disparities in adolescent pregnancy among US tribal youths

Individual Author: 
King Bowes, Kendra
Burrus, Barri B.
Axelson, Sarah
Garrido, Milagros
Kimbriel, Adriana
Abramson, Lisa
Gorman, Gwenda
Dancer, Angela
White, Terrill
Beaudry, PJ

Systemic inequities, including a lack of culturally appropriate sexual health education, put American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents at higher-than-average risk for adverse sexual and reproductive health outcomes. For example, in 2013, the birth rate among AI/AN adolescents aged 15 to 19 years was 31.1 per 1000 individuals, compared with 18.6 for White adolescents. AI/AN youths report earlier onset of sexual activity and greater numbers of sexual partners than do youths in general.

Evaluation of Demonstration Projects to End Childhood Hunger: Final interim evaluation report

Individual Author: 
Briefel, Ronette
Melia, Micah
Harvey, Bonnie
Forrestal, Sarah
Chojnacki, Gregory
Caronongan, Pia
Gothro, Andrew
Cabili, Charlotte
Kleinman, Rebecca
Gabor, Vivian
Redel, Nicholas
Gleason, Philip

This study—authorized by the 2010 Child Nutrition Act—tests innovative strategies to end childhood hunger and food insecurity. The interim evaluation report describes (1) the demonstration projects, (2) planning and early implementation activities, and (3) findings from the baseline data collection for four projects located within Chickasaw Nation, Kentucky, Nevada, and Virginia. A fifth demonstration project was implemented in Navajo Nation but not evaluated due to changes in program design. The demonstrations occurred during 2015-2017 and operated for 12 to 24 months.

Assessing the research on home visiting program models implemented in tribal communities: Part 2: Lessons learned about implementation and evaluation

Individual Author: 
Esposito, Andrea Mraz
Coughlin, Rebecca
Yanez, Armando
Sama-Miller, Emily
Del Grosso, Patricia
Kleinman, Rebecca
Paulsell, Diane

A portion of the federal funds that support home visiting for mothers and young children are designated specifically for supporting home visiting in tribal communities. Therefore, policymakers and program administrators need to know what research has learned about home visiting in these communities.

Identifying racial and ethnic disparities in human services: A conceptual framework and literature review

Individual Author: 
McDaniel, Marla
Woods, Tyler
Pratt, Eleanor
Simms, Margaret C.

When there is evidence of racial and ethnic differences at any point in the service delivery spectrum—for example, in access to and take-up of human services, in the nature and quality of services received, or in the outcomes of services—it can be challenging to interpret what those differences mean. In particular, it can be challenging to understand whether and to what extent those differences represent disparities. Disparities mean that one group is systematically faring worse than another for reasons that are not due to the group’s needs, eligibility, or preferences.

Principles to guide research with tribal communities: The tribal HPOG 2.0 evaluation in action

Individual Author: 
Meit, Michael
Hafford, Carol
Fromknecht, Catharine
Miesfeld, Noelle
Nadel, Tori
Phillips, Emily

This practice brief summarizes how the Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) 2.0 evaluation team applied the findings from the their literature review and the values of the Roadmap for Collaborative and Effective Evaluation in Tribal Communities to inform the Tribal HPOG 2.0 evaluation approach. (Author abstract)