Skip to main content
Back to Top

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Publisher ID: 
SSRC-DID-0002048

Obesity and socioeconomic status in adults: United States, 2005-2008

Individual Author: 
Ogden, Cynthia L
Lamb, Molly M.
Carroll, Margaret D.
Flegal, Katherine M.

Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2008. Among men, obesity prevalence is generally similar at all income levels, however, among non-Hispanic black and Mexican-American men those with higher income are more likely to be obese than those with low income. Higher income women are less likely to be obese than low income women, but most obese women are not low income. There is no significant trend between obesity and education among men.

Surveillance for health care access and health services use, adults aged 18–64 years — Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States, 2014

Individual Author: 
Okoro, Catherine A.
Zhao, Guixiang
Fox, Jared B.
Eke, Paul I.
Greenlund, Kurt J.
Town, Machell

The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is an ongoing, state-based, landline- and cellular-telephone survey of noninstitutionalized adults aged ≥18 years residing in the United States. Data are collected from states, the District of Columbia, and participating U.S. territories on health risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, health care access, and use of clinical preventive services (CPS). An optional Health Care Access module was included in the 2014 BRFSS.

Recommended community strategies and measurements to prevent obesity in the United States

Individual Author: 
Khan, Laura Kettel
Sobush, Kathleen
Keener, Dana
Goodman, Kenneth
Lowry, Amy
Kakietek, Jakub
Zaro, Susan

Approximately two thirds of U.S. adults and one fifth of U.S. children are obese or overweight. During 1980--2004, obesity prevalence among U.S. adults doubled, and recent data indicate an estimated 33% of U.S. adults are overweight (body mass index [BMI] 25.0--29.9), 34% are obese (BMI ≥30.0), including nearly 6% who are extremely obese (BMI ≥40.0). The prevalence of being overweight among children and adolescents increased substantially during 1999--2004, and approximately 17% of U.S.

Health equity resource toolkit for state practitioners addressing obesity disparities

Individual Author: 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity

The purpose of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) Health Equity Resource Toolkit for State Practitioners Addressing Obesity Disparities is to increase the capacity of state health departments and their partners to work with and through communities to implement effective responses to obesity in populations that are facing health disparities. The Toolkit’s primary focus is on how to create policy, systems, and environmental changes that will reduce obesity disparities and achieve health equity.

Trends in obesity among participants aged 2–4 years in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children — United States, 2000–2014

Individual Author: 
Pan, Liping
Freedman, David S.
Sharma, Andrea J.
Castellanos-Brown, Karen
Park, Sohyun
Smith, Ray B.
Blanck, Heidi M.

Childhood obesity is associated with negative health consequences in childhood that continue into adulthood, putting adults at risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and certain cancers. Obesity disproportionately affects children from low-income families.

Fathers’ involvement with their children: United States, 2006–2010

Individual Author: 
Jones, Jo
Mosher, William D.

Objective—This report measures fathers’ involvement with their children. Father involvement is measured by how often a man participated in a set of activities in the last 4 weeks with children who were living with him and with children who were living apart from him. Involvement is measured separately for children aged 0–4 years and children aged 5–18 years. Increased involvement of fathers in their children’s lives has been associated with a range of positive outcomes for the children.

Financial burden of medical care: A family perspective

Individual Author: 
Cohen, Robin A.
Kirzinger, Whitney K.

Recently published data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) found that 1 in 5 persons was in a family having problems paying medical bills, and 1 in 10 persons was in a family with medical bills that they were unable to pay at all (1–3). NHIS defines "family" as an individual or a group of two or more related persons living together in the same housing unit. The family perspective is important to consider when examining financial risk because significant expenses for one family member may adversely affect the whole family.

Use of farmers markets by mothers of WIC recipients, Miami-Dade County, Florida, 2011

Individual Author: 
Grin, Benjamin
Gayle, Tamara
Saravia, Diana
Sanders, Lee

Farmers market-based interventions, including the Farmers’ Market Nutrition Program of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), represent a promising strategy for improving dietary behaviors in low-income communities. Little is known, however, about the health-related characteristics of low-income parents who frequent farmers markets in urban settings. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between family-health factors and the use of farmers markets by mothers of WIC recipients.

Increasing access to farmers markets for beneficiaries of nutrition assistance: Evaluation of the Farmers Market Access Project

Individual Author: 
Cole, Kate
McNees, Molly
Kinney, Karen
Fisher, Kari
Krieger, James W.

Increased acceptance of nutrition benefits at farmers markets could improve access to nutritious foods for low-income shoppers. The objective of this study was to evaluate a pilot project to increase participation by farmers markets and their vendors in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). (author abstract)