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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE)

Publisher ID: 
SSRC-DID-0001999

Independent contractors and nontraditional workers: Implications for the child support program

Individual Author: 
Glosser, Asaph
Germain, Justin

The rise of online platform work through companies such as Uber, Care.com, and TaskRabbit has increased the visibility of alternative work arrangements. This has sparked interest among researchers, policymakers, and program administrators in the “gig economy” and its implications for labor markets, worker protections, and access to benefits.

Aligning federal performance indicators across programs promoting self-sufficiency: Local perspectives

Individual Author: 
Brown, Elizabeth
Conroy, Kara
Kirby, Gretchen G.

Individuals and families frequently qualify for multiple human services and employment programs that are funded, regulated, and administered by different federal agencies—each with their own eligibility criteria, program requirements, and performance indicators. Although these programs often share similar goals, they differ in the populations served, the services provided, and the implementation of performance measures.

The Child Support Performance and Incentive Act at 20: Examining trends in state performance

Individual Author: 
Benson, Valerie H.
Webster, Riley

Twenty years have passed since Congress enacted P.L. 105-200, the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act (CSPIA), dramatically restructuring the child support performance incentive system. Prior to its passage in 1998, there was growing concern that the incentive system lacked an effective impetus for improving state progress toward achieving the program’s goals since all states received a minimum incentive payment based solely on its child support collections.

Linking people with criminal records to employment in the healthcare sector: 5 things to consider

Individual Author: 
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation

This project explores how the need for workers in healthcare professions can be partially met by hiring individuals with criminal records who do not pose a risk to public safety. The report is organized around the following five things to consider for employing certain individuals with criminal records in the healthcare sector:

Building the next generation of child support policy research

Individual Author: 
Glosser, Asaph
Morrison, Carly
Germain, Justin

This project brought together policymakers, practitioners and evaluators in October 2017 to identify key policy research questions in the child support program. The discussions, coupled with a series of informant interviews from 2016, led to the development of the research agenda. It is a framework for the broader child support community to collectively answer pressing policy questions over the next decade. (Author abstract)

 

The opioid crisis and economic opportunity: Geographic and economic trends

Individual Author: 
Ghertner, Robin
Groves, Lincoln

This study examines relationships between indicators of economic opportunity and the prevalence of prescription opioids and substance use in the United States. Overall, areas with lower economic opportunity are disproportionately affected by the opioid crisis. However, the extent of that relationship varies regionally.

Substance use, the opioid epidemic, and the child welfare system: Key findings from a mixed methods study

Individual Author: 
Radel, Laura
Baldwin, Melinda
Crouse, Gilbert
Ghertner, Robin
Waters, Annette

This study examined the relationship between parental substance misuse and child welfare caseloads, which began rising in 2012 after more than a decade of decline. We examined county level variation in both phenomena and qualitative interviews documented the perspectives and experiences of local professionals in the child welfare agency, substance use disorder treatment programs, family courts, and other community partners in 11 communities across the country.

The relationship between substance use indicators and child welfare caseloads

Individual Author: 
Ghertner, Robin
Baldwin, Melinda
Crouse, Gilbert
Radel, Laura
Waters, Annette

This research brief describes how select indicators associated with substance use prevalence relate to the changing trend in child welfare caseloads. It is part of a series describing findings of a mixed methods study undertaken to better understand how parental substance use relates to child welfare caseloads, which began rising in 2012 following years of sustained declines. (Author abstract)

Head Start children and families experiencing homelessness: Trends, characteristics, and program services

Individual Author: 
Hutchison, Lindsey
Clincy, Amanda

This research brief presents findings on the characteristics of Head Start children and families that experienced homelessness, as well as services Head Start programs reported providing to these vulnerable children and families, using data from the 2009 cohort of the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey. Trends in the percentages of Head Start children and families experiencing homelessness from Head Start program year 2006-2007 to 2015-2016 are also presented, using data from the Head Start Program Information Report. (Author abstract) 

Research to address the opioid crisis: Approaches to data linkage

Individual Author: 
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation

To combat the public health crisis associated with the opioid overdose epidemic, HHS will host an Opioid Code-a-Thon on December 6-7, 2017 to develop data driven solutions to combat the opioid epidemic. This Data Brief presents an overview of the data sources that could be leveraged to study the opioid crisis within each of the five HHS strategic areas, highlights some of the key research questions within these areas, and summarizes data linking strategies that can be used to support research on opioids.