This report – the latest in an annual series – presents estimates of the percentage of eligible persons, by State, who participated in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) during an average month in fiscal year 2010 and in the 2 previous fiscal years.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Services, Office of Research and Analysis
This report presents estimates that, for each state, measure the need for SNAP and the program’s effectiveness in each of the three years from 2007 to 2009. The estimated numbers of people eligible for SNAP measure the need for the program. The estimated SNAP participation rates measure, state by state, the program’s performance in reaching its target population.
In this study, we examine patterns of SNAP benefit redemption, particularly related to the timing and amount of purchases and the rate at which households exhaust their benefits. We identify changes within fiscal year 2009 to gain insights into how the April benefit increase affected spending patterns. We also make comparisons with results of a similar study conducted for fiscal year 2003 (Cole and Lee 2005) to see if households exhausted their benefits sooner in 2009 than they had in the past.
Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in any month is the net result of people entering and exiting the program what is often referred to as program long participants spend on the program, and how often those that exit the program re-enter it.1 Another important area of research, however, and the main objective of this report, seeks to understand the factors associated with entering and exiting the program.
This report presents two types of information about healthy eaters and less-healthy eaters in the low-income population: (1) descriptive information about the sociodemographic and dietary characteristics of individuals in each group and (2) a description of distinct dietary patterns followed by individuals in each group, as identified through a cluster analysis of their dietary intake. We defined low-income individuals as those from households with income below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) helps low-income individuals purchase food so that they can obtain a nutritious diet. One important measure of program performance is the ability to reach its target population, as indicated by the percentage of people eligible for benefits who actually participate. This report is the latest in a series on SNAP participation rates. Estimates are based on the March 2010 Current Population Survey and program administrative data for Fiscal Year (FY) 2009. The findings represent national participation rates for FY 2009. (author abstract)
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides food, nutrition education, breastfeeding support, and health care and social service referrals to nutritionally at-risk low-income pregnant women, new mothers, infants, and children through age 4. This report offers updated estimates of the population that met these criteria and was eligible for WIC benefits in each of the years 1994 through 2007. These revise a set of estimates published by the USDA Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) in 2006.
This report responds to the legislative requirement of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L.110-246) to assess the effectiveness of State and local efforts to directly certify children for free school meals under the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). Direct certification is a process conducted by the States and by local educational agencies (LEAs) to certify certain children for free school meals without the need for household applications.
The purpose of this study is to investigate SNAP caseload dynamics to understand what drives changes in SNAP participation over time. Understanding participation dynamics is critical to developing effective SNAP policies. Well-designed studies, for example, can inform policymakers about what factors lead individuals to enter and exit SNAP; how long they typically participate; and how their participation decisions are affected by changes in individual circumstances, overall economic conditions, and program policies.
In recent years, the WIC program has continued to be the subject of much research. Researchers have produced more-refined methodological approaches and attempted to measure WIC’s impact on previously unmeasured outcomes. The present report is intended to update the literature review completed by Fox et al. (2004) by comprehensively reviewing all published research on WIC program impacts between 2002 and 2010 as well as “gray” or unpublished research completed between 1999 and 2010.