This report describes Native American participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) based on data collected by the biennial WIC Participant and Program Characteristics Studies in 1992, 1994, 1996, and 1998.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Services, Office of Research and Analysis
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides supplemental nutritious foods, nutrition education (including breastfeeding promotion and support), and referrals to health care and other social services at no charge. WIC serves low-income pregnant, postpartum, and breastfeeding women, infants, and children up to age 5 who are at nutritional risk.
Trafficking of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits occurs when SNAP recipients sell their benefits for cash to food retailers, often at a discount. Although trafficking does not increase costs to the Federal Government, it is a diversion of program benefits from their intended purpose of helping low-income families access a nutritious diet. This report, the latest in a series of periodic analyses, provides estimates of the extent of trafficking during the period 2009 through 2011.(author abstract)
A report released by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) shows that participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is associated with improved food security. The study, conducted by Mathematica Policy Research, is the largest and most rigorous study to date that assesses the effect of SNAP participation on food security.
The United States Department of Agriculture is seeking innovative ways to increase Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants’ access to fresh produce by increasing the number of farmers markets and direct marketing farmers authorized to accept SNAP benefits. This study describes how farmers markets and direct marketing farmers operate and their perceived benefits and barriers to accepting SNAP. (author abstract)
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a critical source of support for many low-income families. Because eligibility for program benefits is linked to income, participation in the program tends to be higher in hard economic times. This has proven particularly true in recent years. From 2000 to 2011, average monthly participation in SNAP rose from 17.2 million to 44.7 million people, an increase of almost 160 percent.
The number and breadth of efforts across federal and state agencies to improve technology and streamline service delivery supporting access to the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service’s (FNS) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and other public benefits have risen over the last decade. Technology and policy changes often operate together in the states to offer clients new ways to access benefits; such changes also offer staff and partner organizations improved procedures for conducting business.
The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP) provide meals and snacks to children during the school year. The overarching goal of both programs, known collectively as the school meal programs, is to ensure that children do not go hungry and have access to nutritious meals and snacks that support normal growth and development. All public and private nonprofit schools are eligible to participate in the school meal programs and any child in a participating school is eligible to obtain school meals.
Over the last decade, several factors have come together and substantially affected the administration of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). For example, the number of participants rose from 17 million people in fiscal year 2000 to 40 million in fiscal year 2010. At the same time, state budget crises led to staff cuts and federal agencies have emphasized increasing access to SNAP and participation among eligible individuals, while also increasing accuracy, and have provided incentives for states who achieve this. The U.S.
The Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 (PL 108-265) directed the Secretary of Agriculture to conduct a study of the feasibility of using computer technology (including data mining) to reduce overcertification, waste, fraud and abuse in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). Prior to enactment of this legislation, USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) contracted with Abt Associates, Inc. to study the feasibility of expanding computer matching for certification of school meal benefits.