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U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Services, Office of Research and Analysis

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National and state - level estimates of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) eligibles and program reach, 2010

Individual Author: 
Martinez-Schiferl, Michael
Zedlewski, Sheila
Giannarelli, Linda

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides supplemental nutritious foods, nutrition education (including breastfeeding promotion and support), and referrals to health care and other social services at no charge. WIC serves low-income pregnant, postpartum, and breastfeeding women, infants, and children up to age 5 who are at nutritional risk.

The extent of trafficking in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: 2009-2011

Individual Author: 
Mantovani, Richard
Williams, Eric Sean
Pflieger, Jacqueline

Trafficking of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits occurs when SNAP recipients sell their benefits for cash to food retailers, often at a discount. Although trafficking does not increase costs to the Federal Government, it is a diversion of program benefits from their intended purpose of helping low-income families access a nutritious diet. This report, the latest in a series of periodic analyses, provides estimates of the extent of trafficking during the period 2009 through 2011.(author abstract)


Measuring the effect of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation on food security

Individual Author: 
Mabli, James
Ohls, Jim
Dragoset, Lisa
Castner, Laura
Santos, Betsy

A report released by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) shows that participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is associated with improved food security.  The study, conducted by Mathematica Policy Research, is the largest and most rigorous study to date that assesses the effect of SNAP participation on food security.

Nutrition assistance in farmers markets: Understanding current operations

Individual Author: 
Dixit-Joshi, Sujata
Burke, John
Das, Barnali
Steketee, Michael

The United States Department of Agriculture is seeking innovative ways to increase Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants’ access to fresh produce by increasing the number of farmers markets and direct marketing farmers authorized to accept SNAP benefits. This study describes how farmers markets and direct marketing farmers operate and their perceived benefits and barriers to accepting SNAP. (author abstract)

The evolution of SNAP modernization initiatives in five states

Individual Author: 
Hulsey, Lara
Conway, Kevin
Gothro, Andrew
Kleinman, Rebecca
Reilly, Megan
Cody, Scott
Sama-Miller, Emily

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a critical source of support for many low-income families. Because eligibility for program benefits is linked to income, participation in the program tends to be higher in hard economic times. This has proven particularly true in recent years. From 2000 to 2011, average monthly participation in SNAP rose from 17.2 million to 44.7 million people, an increase of almost 160 percent.

Performance measurement for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance program modernization initiatives: Individual state findings: Final report

Individual Author: 
Keefe, Kathleen
Sama-Miller, Emily
Castner, Laura
Bardos, Maura
Elizabeth Clary
Wissel, Sarah
Vittoriano, Larry

The number and breadth of efforts across federal and state agencies to improve technology and streamline service delivery supporting access to the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service’s (FNS) Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and other public benefits have risen over the last decade. Technology and policy changes often operate together in the states to offer clients new ways to access benefits; such changes also offer staff and partner organizations improved procedures for conducting business.

School Nutrition Dietary Assessment study-IV: Volume I: School foodservice operations, school environments, and meals offered and served

Individual Author: 
Fox, Mary Kay
Condon, Elizabeth
Crepinsek, Mary Kay
Niland, Katherine
Mercury, Denise
Forrestal, Sarah
Cabili, Charlotte
Oddo, Vanessa
Gordon, Anne
Wozny, Nathan
Killewald, Alexandra

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP) provide meals and snacks to children during the school year. The overarching goal of both programs, known collectively as the school meal programs, is to ensure that children do not go hungry and have access to nutritious meals and snacks that support normal growth and development. All public and private nonprofit schools are eligible to participate in the school meal programs and any child in a participating school is eligible to obtain school meals.

Performance measurement for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program modernization initiatives: Integrated report

Individual Author: 
Castner, Laura
O'Reilly, Amy
Conway, Kevin
Bardos, Maura
Sama-Miller, Emily

Over the last decade, several factors have come together and substantially affected the administration of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). For example, the number of participants rose from 17 million people in fiscal year 2000 to 40 million in fiscal year 2010. At the same time, state budget crises led to staff cuts and federal agencies have emphasized increasing access to SNAP and participation among eligible individuals, while also increasing accuracy, and have provided incentives for states who achieve this. The U.S.

Preliminary report on the feasibility of computer matching in the National School Lunch Program

Individual Author: 
Cole, Nancy
Logan, Christopher

The Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 (PL 108-265) directed the Secretary of Agriculture to conduct a study of the feasibility of using computer technology (including data mining) to reduce overcertification, waste, fraud and abuse in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). Prior to enactment of this legislation, USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) contracted with Abt Associates, Inc. to study the feasibility of expanding computer matching for certification of school meal benefits.