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Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (OPRE)

Publisher ID: 
SSRC-DID-0001994

Employment coaching: Working with low-income populations to use self-regulation skills to achieve employment goals

Individual Author: 
Joyce, Kristen
McConnell, Sheena

New research has led policymakers and researchers to argue that some people might not achieve economic independence in part because of difficulty applying the self-regulation skills needed to get, keep, and advance in a job (Pavetti 2018; Cavadel et al. 2017). These self-regulation skills—sometimes referred to as soft skills or executive functioning skills—include the ability to finish tasks, stay organized, and control emotions.

Implementation and relative impacts of two job search assistance programs in Sacramento County, California

Individual Author: 
Martinson, Karin
Harvill, Eleanor
Saunders, Correne
Litwok, Daniel
Meckstroth, Alicia
Bates, Steve

This report describes the implementation and impact study findings from an evaluation of the relative effectiveness of two approaches to providing job search assistance (JSA) to cash assistance recipients in Sacramento County, California. From 2016 to 2018, the Sacramento County’s Department of Human Assistance operated two JSA programs for cash assistance recipients who were required to work: Standard Job Club and Fast Track Job Club.

Fatherhood: Ongoing research and program evaluation efforts in the Administration for Children and Families

Individual Author: 
Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation Administration for Children and Families U.S. Department of Health and Services

The “Fatherhood: Ongoing Research and Program Evaluation Efforts” brief describes ACF’s ongoing research and evaluation projects related to 1) the Responsible Fatherhood grant program, 2) noncustodial parents, and 3) fathers and fatherhood more broadly. It also describes some of ACF’s past research and evaluation efforts related to fatherhood. (Author introduction)

How much did households in the United States pay for child care in 2012? — Child age, household income, & community urbanicity snapshots

Individual Author: 
Forry, N.
Madill, R.
Shuey, E.
Halle, T
Ugarte, G
Borton, J.

These snapshots describe U.S. households’ costs for, and usage of, ECE in 2012, looking at differences by age of child, household income, and community urbanicity.

A year in Region XI Head Start: Children’s growth and development from the American Indian and Alaska Native Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015)

Individual Author: 
Bernstein, Sara
Malone, Lizabeth
AI/AN FACES 2015 Workgroup

It is important for Head Start to have information about children’s and families’ strengths and needs over the course of the program year. We examine Region XI Head Start children’s growth in cognitive skills (in language, literacy, and mathematics), social-emotional skills, and executive function during the program year to learn about their progress toward being ready for school.

The role of licensing in supporting quality practices in early care and education

Individual Author: 
Maxwell, Kelly
Starr, Rebecca

Licensing is traditionally viewed as providing the foundation (or the floor) of quality in early care and education (ECE) settings. States and territories are responsible for licensing child care programs, and a license serves as permission to legally operate a child care program. The essential purpose of licensing is to provide basic protections to prevent harm to children.

Mobile coaching: Innovation and small-scale experimentation to better engage program participants in rural Colorado

Individual Author: 
McCay, Jonathan
France, Marcia
Lujan, Loretta
Maestas, Vicki
Whittaker, Alix

Access to reliable transportation is a common challenge in rural communities across the country, especially for low-income families who may have few public transit options, if any. Human services providers, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs, regularly encounter this issue with the families they serve. The La Plata County (Colorado) Department of Human Services designed an innovative strategy to address this challenge and coach parents on planning and achieving their goals at the same time.

Which program characteristics are linked to program impacts? Lessons from the HPOG 1.0 evaluation

Individual Author: 
Walton, Douglas
Harvill, Eleanor L.
Peck, Laura R.

In 2010, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services awarded the first round of five-year grants from the Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG 1.0) Program to 32 organizations in 23 states; five were tribal organizations. The purpose of the HPOG Program is to provide education and training to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients and other low-income individuals for occupations in the healthcare field that pay well and are expected to either experience labor shortages or be in high demand.

What makes a difference? Early Head Start, Head Start, and more: The cumulative effects of program participation, birth to 5, on children and families living in poverty

Individual Author: 
Love, John M.
Klute, Mary M.
Cohen, Rachel Chazan

This is a presentation on What Makes a Difference? Early Head Start, Head Start, and More: The Cumulative Effects of Program Participation, Birth to 5, on Children and Families Living in Poverty from Head Start's Eighth National Research Conference. (Author introduction)

Opening session: Why the environment matters more for children in poverty

Individual Author: 
McCartney, Kathleen

Head Start has focused on children living in poor families since the program’s inception in 1965. During the past decade the population of children eligible by income status increased: nationwide, 19% of children live in poor families and 41% live in low-income families (families with less income than twice the federal poverty threshold). Furthermore, poverty rates are highest among the young children of the U.S., with 44% of those under 6 now living in low-income families (National Center for Children in Poverty, Nov. 2009).