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The challenge of repeating success in a changing world: Final report on the Center for Employment Training Replication Sites

Individual Author: 
Miller, Cynthia
Bos, Johannes
Porter, Kristin
Tseng, Fannie M.
Abe, Yasuyo

The Center for Employment Training (CET), headquartered in San Jose, California, gained the attention of policymakers in the early 1990s, when it proved to be the only training program in two major evaluations (one of which, JOBSTART, targeted disadvantaged youth) to produce large positive effects on participants’ employment and earnings. Such documented success is rare among employment and training programs in general, but it is especially unusual among programs serving youth.

Testing an expanded Earned Income Tax Credit for single adults: Year 1 of Paycheck Plus

Individual Author: 
Miller, Cynthia
Schultz, Caroline
Bernardi, Alexandra

Despite this broad support, an EITC expansion for adults without children has yet to become policy in today’s environment of budget ceilings and efforts to rein in spending. The Paycheck Plus study will inform this debate by presenting evidence on the effects of this type of policy on low-wage workers’ income and earnings. This brief, the second in a series, provides an update on the project, describing the implementation of the bonus during the first year and receipt rates during the 2015 tax season.

Expanding the Earned Income Tax Credit for workers without dependent children: Interim findings from the Paycheck Plus demonstration in New York City

Individual Author: 
Miller, Cynthia
Katz, Lawrence F.
Azurdia, Gilda
Isen, Adam
Schultz, Caroline

This report presents interim findings from the test of Paycheck Plus in New York City, presenting the proportion of participants who actually received the expanded credit in the first two years, and the credit’s effects over that time on income, work, earnings, tax filing, and child support payments. The findings are consistent with research on the federal EITC showing that an expanded credit can increase after-transfer incomes and encourage employment without creating work disincentives.

Striving for independence: Two-year impact findings from the Youth Villages Transitional Living Evaluation

Individual Author: 
Valentine, Erin Jacobs
Skemer, Melanie

The Youth Villages program sought an independent evaluation of its Transitional Living program — now known as “YVLifeSet” — which is one example of an “independent living” program. The Transitional Living program aims to help young men and women make the transition to adulthood by providing intensive, individualized, and clinically focused case management, support, and counseling.

Preventing juvenile justice involvement for young women: An introduction to an evaluation of the PACE Center for Girls

Individual Author: 
Millenky, Megan
Mage, Caroline

Involvement in the juvenile justice system has tremendous costs for the individuals within it, as well as for society. Such involvement may damage a child’s relationships with friends and family, nega­tively affect mental health, and interrupt the academic progress and work experience that should accumulate during adolescence. On the societal level, the United States spends up to $88,000 per year on each individual placed in a juvenile corrections facility.

Building a future: Interim impact findings from the YouthBuild evaluation

Individual Author: 
Miller, Cynthia
Millenky, Megan
Schwartz, Lisa
Goble, Lisbeth
Stein, Jillian

Young people have been hit especially hard by changes in the labor market over the past decades. Unemployment among 16- to 24-year-olds increased the most of any age group during the recent recession, and remains more than double that among older adults. The unemployment rate is especially high for young people without high school diplomas. YouthBuild is one program that attempts to help this group, serving over 10,000 of them each year at over 250 organizations nationwide.

Improving employment outcomes and community integration for veterans with disabilities: Early implementation of the Progressive Goal Attainment Program (PGAP) for Veterans Demonstration

Individual Author: 
Hossain, Farhana
Baird, Peter
Pardoe, Rachel

Many U.S. military veterans have mental and physical disabilities that can increase their risk of substance abuse, social isolation, unemployment, and homelessness. The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have made it urgently necessary to address these issues once again as the nation faces “the largest wave of returning veterans with disabilities in recent history.” One in four veterans of these conflicts reports a service-connected disability, and unemployment among the youngest subset of veterans is particularly high.

Results from the Post-Assistance Self-Sufficiency (PASS) program in Riverside, California: The Employment Retention and Advancement project

Individual Author: 
Navarro, David
van Dok, Mark
Hendra, Richard

Although much is known about how to help welfare recipients find jobs, little is known about how to help them and other low-wage workers keep jobs or advance in the labor market. This report presents an assessment of the implementation and effects at the two-year follow-up point of a program in Riverside County, California, that aimed to promote job retention and advancement among employed individuals who recently left the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, the cash welfare program that mainly serves single mothers and their children.

How effective are different approaches aiming to increase employment retention and advancement? Final impacts for twelve models

Individual Author: 
Hendra, Richard
Dillman, Keri-Nicole
Hamilton, Gayle
Lundquist, Erika
Martinson, Karin
Wavelet, Melissa
Hill, Aaron
Williams, Sonya

Research completed since the 1980s has yielded substantial knowledge about how to help welfare recipients and other low-income individuals prepare for and find jobs. Many participants in these successful job preparation and placement programs, however, ended up in unstable, low-paying jobs, and little was known about how to effectively help them keep employment and advance in their jobs.

Encouraging evidence on a sector-focused advancement strategy: A preview summary of two-year impacts from the WorkAdvance demonstration

Individual Author: 
Hendra, Richard
Greenberg, David H.
Hamilton, Gayle
Oppenheim, Ari
Pennington, Alexandra
Schaberg, Kelsey
Tessler, Betsy L.

This report summarizes the two-year findings of a rigorous random assignment evaluation of the WorkAdvance model, a sectoral training and advancement initiative. Launched in 2011, WorkAdvance goes beyond the previous generation of employment programs by introducing demand-driven skills training and a focus on jobs that have career pathways. The model is heavily influenced by the positive findings from the Sectoral Employment Impact Study (SEIS) completed in 2010.