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Concentrated poverty increased in both rural and urban areas since 2000, reversing declines in the 1990s

Individual Author: 
Thiede, Brian C
Kim, Hyojung
Valasik, Matthew

The number of nonmetropolitan counties with high poverty rates increased between the 2000 Decennial Census and 2011–2015 (hereafter 2013) American Community Survey (ACS), and so did the share of the rural population residing in these disadvantaged areas. Over this time period, the percentage of rural counties with poverty rates of 20 percent or more increased from a fifth to nearly one-third, and the share of the rural population living in these places nearly doubled to over 31 percent.

Abortion stigma among low-income women obtaining abortions in western Pennsylvania: A qualitative assessment

Individual Author: 
Gelman, Amanda
Rosenfeld, Elian A.
Nikolajski, Cara
Freedman, Lori R.
Steinberg, Julia R.
Borrero, Sonya

Conext Abortion stigma may cause psychological distress in women who are considering having an abortion or have had one. This phenomenon has been relatively underexplored in low-income women, who may already be at an increased risk for poor abortion-related outcomes because of difficulties accessing timely and safe abortion services. Methods A qualitative study conducted between 2010 and 2013 used semistructured interviews to explore pregnancy intentions among low-income women recruited from six reproductive health clinics in Western Pennsylvania.

Race matters: Unequal opportunity in adolescent reproductive health

Individual Author: 
Annie E. Casey Foundation

Discrimination in housing, lending, hiring and education left families of color with fewer resources with which to raise their children. In turn, kids of color had fewer opportunities for health, school or career success leaving them vulnerable to early childbearing. This 2006 fact sheet brings awareness to the issue of racial inequality and teen pregnancy, and provides policy strategies to tackle the issue. This brief is part of a comprehensive Race Matters toolkit. For more information, visit the Race Matters Institute. (Author Introduction)

Can poverty in America be compared to conditions in the world's poorest countries?

Individual Author: 
Shaefer, H. Luke
Wu, Pinghui
Edin, Kathryn

Some contend that the American poor are affluent by international standards, and recent survey evidence finds that Americans have deeply divided views about the conditions faced by the poor in this country. To what extent can poverty in the United States be compared to conditions in the world’s poorest nations? Few analysts have examined this question beyond “instrumental” measures of poverty such as income and consumption that only indirectly capture well-being (Sen, 1999).

"Not very many options for the people who are working here": Rural housing challenges through the lens of two New England communities

Individual Author: 
Carson, Jessica A.
Mattingly, Marybeth J.

In this brief, we use interview and focus group data to describe some of the ways that restricted rural housing stock affects working families in two rural New England counties, and explore solutions proposed by rural residents and experts to make housing affordable (see Box 1 on page 2). Rural amenities and scenery make residence in certain New England regions desirable for second-home owners, vacationers, and retirees.

How common are nonstandard work schedules among low-income Hispanic parents of young children?

Individual Author: 
Crosby, Danielle A.
Mendez, Julia L.

This brief draws on survey and retrospective calendar data from the 2012 National Survey of Early Care and Education (NSECE) to describe the work schedules of low-income Hispanic parents with young children from birth to age 5 (not yet in kindergarten), and provide comparison data for their non-Hispanic white and black counterparts. We calculate the percentages of low-income Hispanic children with parents working standard weekday, early morning, evening, overnight, and/or weekend hours.

Supporting young people transitioning from foster care: Findings from a national survey

Individual Author: 
Fryar, Garet
Jordan, Elizabeth
DeVooght, Kerry

The transition from adolescence to adulthood is a time full of excitement, growth, and change. Critical brain development occurs during adolescence and early adulthood, and can be supported by strong and stable connections with family, friends, and community. With these supportive connections, young people can grow into healthy adults.

Maternal employment stability in early childhood: Links with child behavior and cognitive skills

Individual Author: 
Pilkauskas, Natasha V.
Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
Waldfogel, Jane

Although many studies have investigated links between maternal employment and children's wellbeing, less research has considered whether the stability of maternal employment is linked with child outcomes. Using unique employment calendar data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=2,011), an urban birth cohort study of largely low-income families, this paper investigates whether the stability of maternal employment in early childhood (birth to age 5) is linked with child behavior and cognitive skills at ages 5 and 9.

Pretesting a human trafficking screening tool in the child welfare and runaway and homeless youth systems

Individual Author: 
Dank, Meredith
Yahner, Jennifer
Yu, Lilly
Vasquez-Noriega, Carla
Gelatt, Julia
Pergamit, Michael

This report summarizes findings from a study to develop and pre-test a human trafficking screening tool with 617 youth in runaway and homeless youth (RHY) and child welfare (CW) settings. The tool was found to be accessible, easy to administer, and effective in identifying trafficked youth in these settings, though additional research is needed. (Author summary)