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Concentration of poverty in the new millennium: Changes in the prevalence, composition, and location of high-poverty neighborhoods

Individual Author: 
Jargowsky, Paul A.

Concentration of Poverty in the New Millennium, authored by TCF fellow and CURE director Paul A. Jargowsky, is the first to compare the 2000 census data with the 2007-11 American Community Survey (ACS), revealing the extent to which concentrated poverty has returned to, and in some ways exceeded, the previous peak level in 1990.Concentrated poverty is defined as census tracts where more than 40 percent of households live below the federal poverty threshold, currently set at approximately $23,000 per year for a family of four.

Drug poisoning mortality in the United States, 1999-2016

Individual Author: 
Rossen, LM
Bastian, B
Warner, M
Khan D
Chong, Y

These figures present drug poisoning deaths at the national, state, and county levels. The first two dashboards depict U.S. and state trends in age-adjusted death rates for drug poisoning beginning in 1999 by selected demographic characteristics, and the third and fourth dashboards present a series of heat maps and grids of model-based county estimates for drug-poisoning mortality. Select a dashboard from the drop-down menu, then click on “Update Dashboard” to navigate through different graphics. (Edited author introduction)

 

The opioid epidemic: What it means for TANF participants and how to effectively serve them

Individual Author: 
Orrell, Brent
DiSalvo, Clare
Compton, Wilson
Feese, Tonya
Germain, Justin

Opioid use disorder disproportionately affects low-income populations and research suggests that it is a significant barrier to employment. This session provided an introduction to opioid use disorder and effective treatment strategies, present current research on the prevalence of the disorder among TANF recipients, and showcase one state’s efforts to identify TANF recipients and others struggling with the disorder and connect them to treatment.

Child care as a critical work support: How do variations in local community context, family work needs, and racial/ethnic differences shape access to child care assistance?

Individual Author: 
López, Michael
Dobbins, Dionne
Hepburn, Peter
Sandstrom, Heather

Publicly funded child care represents a critical work support for families, and is a key mechanism for supporting low-income families with a path to economic self-sufficiency. This session looked at how variations in community context (such as the availability of care, responsiveness to nonstandard work hours, and the unique experiences of Latino immigrants) might affect child care access. Michael López (Abt Associates) moderated this session. The presenters used a variety of different methodologies in their research.

 

Improving TANF and employment services for refugees and survivors of trauma

Individual Author: 
Waters, Damon
Chester, Hilary
Gaffney, Angela
Hetling, Andrea

This session discussed how TANF and employment services programs can serve special populations. Presenters shared strategies that state and local systems use to provide financial support and related employment services to newly arrived refugees, the feasibility and benefits of providing enhanced employment services to foreign trafficking victims, and a risk assessment tool for domestic violence survivors applying for services and waivers under the Family Violence Options. Damon Waters (Administration for Children and Families) moderated this session.

 

Building the evidence on community college-led training strategies: Findings from the TAACCCT evaluation

Individual Author: 
Fernkas, Robin
Javar, Janet
Alamprese, Judy
Eyster, Lauren
Person, Ann

These PowerPoints are from the 2018 Research and Evaluation Conference on Self-Sufficiency (RECS). This panel highlighted findings from the U.S. Department of Labor's Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training (TAACCCT) grants. Presenters shared implementation and outcome findings from Los Angeles Valley College’s delivery of the Biotech Bridge Academy and described three colleges’ efforts to develop competency-based programs in information technology. Janet Javar (U.S. Department of Labor) moderated this session, and Robin Fernkas (U.S.

The great recession and recent employment trends among secondary students in the United States

Individual Author: 
Staff, Jeremy
Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick
Patrick, Megan E.
Schulenberg, John E.

The Great Recession had substantial effects on the labor market in the United States, as elsewhere. To what extent did secondary students’ employment decline during this time? Which students are leaving the labor market? Are reductions in employment concentrated in particular jobs? To answer these questions, we use data from the Monitoring the Future study, an ongoing study of secondary students in the United States.

Parents and Children Together: Effects of two healthy marriage programs for low-income couples

Individual Author: 
Moore, Quinn
Avellar, Sarah
Patnaik, Ankita
Covington, Reginald
Wu, April

Growing up with two parents in a stable, low-conflict family can improve children’s lives in a broad range of areas. However, the economic and other challenges faced by low-income families can make it hard for these families to achieve a stable, low-conflict family environment. Recognizing this challenge, as well as the potential benefits of healthy marriages and relationships for low-income families, the federal government has funded programming to encourage healthy marriage and relationships for many years.