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Measures of classroom quality in prekindergarten and children's development of academic, language, and social skills

Individual Author: 
Mashburn, Andrew J.
Pianta, Robert C.
Hamre, Bridget K.
Downer, Jason T.
Barbarin, Oscar A.
Bryant, Donna
Burchinal, Margaret
Early, Diane M.
Howes, Carollee

This study examined development of academic, language, and social skills among 4-year-olds in publicly supported prekindergarten (pre-K) programs in relation to 3 methods of measuring pre-K quality, which are as follows: (a) adherence to 9 standards of quality related to program infrastructure and design, (b) observations of the overall quality of classroom environments, and (c) observations of teachers’ emotional and instructional interactions with children in classrooms. Participants were 2,439 children enrolled in 671 pre-K classrooms in 11 states.

Disconnected welfare leavers in Colorado

Individual Author: 
Farrell, Mary

This issue brief provides an in-depth analysis of a sample of welfare recipients in Colorado who left welfare but were not working in 2008. This study is part of a five-year evaluation of Colorado’s Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program called Colorado Works that The Lewin Group and its partners, the University of Colorado’s Health Sciences Center, the Johns Hopkins University’s Institute for Policy Studies, and Capital Research Corporation, are conducting for the Colorado Department of Human Services. (Author summary)

Understanding program participation: Findings from the Colorado Works evaluation

Individual Author: 
Mueller, Mike
Barden, Bret
Elkin, Sam
Farrell, Mary

This report examines three related topics affecting participation and engagement in the Colorado Works program. They are: (1) Work participation activities and strategies; (2) Diversion policies among Colorado’s counties; and (3) Sanctioning practices observed in Colorado.

Association of childhood blood lead levels with criminal offending

Individual Author: 
Beckley, Amber L.
Caspi, Avshalom
Broadbent, Jonathan
Harrington, Honalee
Houts, Renate M.
Poulton, Richie
Ramrakha, Sandhya
Reuben, Aaron
Moffitt, Terrie E.

Importance: Lead is a neurotoxin with well-documented effects on health. Research suggests that lead may be associated with criminal behavior. This association is difficult to disentangle from low socioeconomic status, a factor in both lead exposure and criminal offending. 

Transforming the lives of parents and children together: Illinois Kids Count

Individual Author: 
Sabol, Terri J.
Eckrich Sommer, Teresa
Chase-Lansdale, Patricia Lindsay

Children who live in poverty are at a significant disadvantage in terms of their educational and economic trajectories. At school entry, low-income children are almost a year behind in their higher-income peers, and this gap remains as children progress in school. (Author abstract)

Parents' persistence and certification in a two-generation education and training program

Individual Author: 
Sabol, Terri J.
Sommer, Teresa E.
Chase-Lansdale, Linsday
Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
Yoshikawa, Hirokazu
King, Christopher T.
Kathawalla, Ummul
Alamuddin, Rayane
Gomez, Celia J.
Ross, Emily C.

Two-generation programs provide education and training services for parents while their children attend early childhood education programs. This study examines the rates of persistence and certification of parents in one of the only two-generation interventions in the country under study, CareerAdvance®, which offers training in the healthcare sector to parents while their children attend Head Start (n = 92).

Childhood blood lead levels and symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A cross-sectional study of Mexican children

Individual Author: 
Huang, Siying
Hu, Howard
Sanchez, Brisa N.
Peterson, Karen E.
Ettinger, Adrienne S.
Lamadrid-Figueroa, Héctor
Schnaas, Lourdes
Mercado-García, Adriana
Wright, Robert O.
Basu, Niladri
Cantonwine, David E.
Hernández-Avila, Mauricio
Téllez-Rojo, Martha Maria

Background: Previous studies suggest that blood lead levels are positively associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and ADHD-symptoms in children. However, the associations between lead exposure and ADHD subtypes are inconsistent and understudied. 

Objective: The object of this study was to explore the association of low-level concurrent lead exposure with subtypes of ADHD symptoms in 578 Mexican children 6-13 years of age. 

Early childhood lead exposure and academic achievement: Evidence from Detroit public schools, 2008-2010

Individual Author: 
Zhang, Nanhua
Baker, Harolyn W.
Tufts, Margaret
Raymond, Randall E.
Salihu, Hamisu
Elliott, Micheal R.

Objectives We assessed the long-term effect of early childhood lead exposure on academic achievement in mathematics, science, and reading among elementary and junior high school children.

Des Moines area community college Workforce Training Academy Connect program: Implementation and early impact report

Individual Author: 
Hamadyk, Jill
Zeidenberg, Matthew

This report documents the implementation and early impacts of the Workforce Training Academy Connect (WTA Connect) program, operated by Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) in Des Moines, Iowa. WTA Connect aimed to help low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete occupational training that can lead to increased employment and higher earnings. It is one of nine career pathways programs being evaluated under the Pathways for Advancing Careers and Education (PACE) study sponsored by the Administration for Children and Families.