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Reflections on the relevance of “self-regulation” for native communities

Individual Author: 
Tsethlikai, M.
Murray, D.W.
Meyer, A.M.
Sparrow, J.

The words that comprise “self-regulation” (e.g., ‘self’ and ‘regulation’) may be problematic for many Native communities that emphasize community and learning through observing, internalizing, and doing.  Self-regulation may still be relevant for Native communities because self-regulation occurs in relationships, can be developed through a range of different ways of learning, and can serve the well-being of whole communities. (Author abstract)

 

The Chicago School Readiness Project: Examining the long-term impacts of an early childhood intervention

Individual Author: 
Watts, Tyler W.
Gandhi, Jill
Ibrahim, Deanna A.
Masucci, Michael D.
Raver, C. Cybele

The current paper reports long-term treatment impact estimates for a randomized evaluation of an early childhood intervention designed to promote children's developmental outcomes and improve the quality of Head Start centers serving high-violence and high-crime areas in inner-city Chicago. Initial evaluations of end-of-preschool data reported that the program led to reductions in child behavioral problems and gains in measures of executive function and academic achievement. For this report, we analyzed adolescent follow-up data taken 10 to 11 years after program completion.

The 2017 KIDS COUNT data book: State trends in child well-being

Individual Author: 
Gutierrez, Florencia
Speer, Laura
Boughamer, Beau
Fox, Ryan
Hamilton, Lisa
Hodgins, John
Laracy, Michael
West, Norris
Cauthen, Nancy

The 2017 KIDS COUNT Data Book urges policymakers not to back away from targeted investments that help U.S. children become healthier, more likely to complete high school and better positioned to contribute to the nation’s economy as adults. The Data Book also shows the child poverty rate in 2015 continued to drop, landing at 21%. In addition, children experienced gains in reading proficiency and a significant increase in the number of kids with health insurance.

A snapshot of homelessness and housing instability in Michigan schools

Individual Author: 
Erb-Downward, Jennifer
Evangelist, Michael

Children need stability to thrive, but for the more than 36,000 children in Michigan’s elementary, middle and high schools who face homelessness, stability is often elusive. Under federal education law all children and youth who “lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence” are homeless. These children not only lack a stable place to call home, they are more likely to transfer schools, have long commutes, struggle with poor health, and be chronically absent than their non-homeless peers.

Poverty in California

Individual Author: 
Bohn, Sarah
Danielson, Caroline
Thorman, Tess

Despite improvements, the official poverty rate remains high. According to official poverty statistics, 14.3% of Californians lacked enough resources—about $24,300 per year for a family of four—to meet basic needs in 2016. The rate has declined significantly from 15.3% in 2015, but it is well above the most recent low of 12.4% in 2007. Moreover, the official poverty line does not account for California’s housing costs or other critical family expenses and resources. (Author excerpt)

Universal child care, maternal labor supply, and family well-being

Individual Author: 
Baker, Michael
Gruber, Jonathan
Milligan, Kevin

We analyze the introduction of highly subsidized, universally accessible child care in Quebec, addressing the impact of child care utilization, maternal labor supply, and family well-being. We find strong evidence of a shift into new child care use, although some crowding out of existing arrangements is evident. Maternal labor supply increases significantly. Finally, the evidence suggests that children are worse off by measures ranging from aggression to motor and social skills to illness.

Hostility, relationship quality, and health among African American couples

Individual Author: 
Guyll, Max
Cutrona, Carolyn
Burzette, Rebecca
Russell, Daniel

This study investigated the association between hostility and health and whether it is moderated by the quality of an individual’s primary romantic relationship. Method: Longitudinal data were provided by 184 African Americans, including 166 women. Participants averaged 38 years old and were married or in long-term marriage like relationships. Hostility and relationship quality were measured at the first assessment. Hostility was based on participants’ responses to items tapping cynical attitudes about relationships.

The opioid crisis and economic opportunity: Geographic and economic trends

Individual Author: 
Ghertner, Robin
Groves, Lincoln

This study examines relationships between indicators of economic opportunity and the prevalence of prescription opioids and substance use in the United States. Overall, areas with lower economic opportunity are disproportionately affected by the opioid crisis. However, the extent of that relationship varies regionally.