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Washington DC

Strained suburbs: The social service challenges of rising suburban poverty

Individual Author: 
Allard, Scott W.
Roth, Benjamin

Cities and suburbs occupy well-defined roles within the discussion of poverty, opportunity, and social welfare policy in metropolitan America. Research exploring issues of poverty typically has focused on central-city neighborhoods, where poverty and joblessness have been most concentrated. As a result, place-based U.S. antipoverty policies focus primarily on ameliorating concentrated poverty in inner-city (and, in some cases, rural) areas.

Pathways to high-quality jobs for young adults PowerPoint

Individual Author: 
Abner, Kristin
Anderson Moore, Kristin
Murphy, Kelly
Ross, Martha
McGuire, Patricia

On June 12, 2019, from 2:00 to 3:30 pm (EDT), the Self-Sufficiency Research Clearinghouse (SSRC) hosted a free webinar entitled Pathways to High-Quality Jobs for Young Adults.  The webinar explored: (1) which job characteristics are relevant to measuring job quality, (2) how education, training, and work-related experiences across the lifespan may contribute to job quality at age 29, and (3) the ways in which interventions and policies can support youth from disadvantaged backgrounds to gain higher quality jobs.

Pathways to high-quality jobs for young adults question and answer document

Individual Author: 
Abner, Kristin
Anderson Moore, Kristin
Murphy, Kelly
Ross, Martha
McGuire, Patricia

On June 12, 2019, from 2:00 to 3:30 pm (EDT), the Self-Sufficiency Research Clearinghouse (SSRC) hosted a free webinar entitled Pathways to High-Quality Jobs for Young Adults.  The webinar explored: (1) which job characteristics are relevant to measuring job quality, (2) how education, training, and work-related experiences across the lifespan may contribute to job quality at age 29, and (3) the ways in which interventions and policies can support youth from disadvantaged backgrounds to gain higher quality jobs.

Pathways to high-quality jobs for young adults transcript

Individual Author: 
Abner, Kristin
Anderson Moore, Kristin
Murphy, Kelly
Ross, Martha
McGuire, Patricia

On June 12, 2019, from 2:00 to 3:30 pm (EDT), the Self-Sufficiency Research Clearinghouse (SSRC) hosted a free webinar entitled Pathways to High-Quality Jobs for Young Adults.  The webinar explored: (1) which job characteristics are relevant to measuring job quality, (2) how education, training, and work-related experiences across the lifespan may contribute to job quality at age 29, and (3) the ways in which interventions and policies can support youth from disadvantaged backgrounds to gain higher quality jobs.

What would help DC residents have greater financial security?

Individual Author: 
Elliott, Diana
Quakenbush, Caleb

Washington, DC, is a city of contrasts with respect to residents’ financial security. While some residents are among the country’s most financially secure, others find it hard to make ends meet. High housing costs, unequal opportunity, and economically segregated neighborhoods make it challenging for some residents to feel financially secure and to weather unexpected expenses and emergencies.

EITC expansions, earnings growth, and inequality: Evidence from Washington, DC

Individual Author: 
Hardy, Bradley L.
Muhammad, Daniel
Casey, Marcus D.
Samudra, Rhucha

We use longitudinal administrative tax data from Washington DC (DC) to study how EITC expansions undertaken by Washington DC affect income and inequality in the city. We find that DC EITC credit expansions between 2001 and 2009 are associated with recipient pre-tax earnings growth of roughly 3-4 percent, primarily among single mothers. Together these credits reduce post-tax inequality for the 10th percentile relative to median households. However, composition changes in the city and growing overall inequality mitigates this inequality reduction towards the end of the period.

The relationship between student mobility and distance from school in Washington DC

Individual Author: 
Blagg, Kristin
Chingos, Matthew
Rosenboom, Victoria

Most public school students in Washington DC do not have access to yellow bus service to school, travelling instead by public transit, car, or on foot. In this study, we follow all kindergarten, 6th grade, and 9th grade students enrolled in DC public traditional and charter schools from the 2013-14 school year to the 2015-16 school year. We calculate transit and drive times for each student, estimating their typical time to school and its relationship to transfers between schools, both during the school year and between school years.

Overall and heterogeneous effects of the DC Opportunity Scholarship Program

Individual Author: 
Rui, Ning
Dynarski, Mark
Webber, Ann
Gutmann, Babette

School voucher, which allows families to have the opportunity to send their children to a school of their choice, has been the subject of much debate over the last few decades. While for some voucher serve as a useful vehicle for expanding school choice for the disadvantaged students, for others it might exacerbate the already severe racial and social segregation among schools, without extensive investments in schools' capacity in the beginning (Elmore 2002; Kim & Sunderman, 2005).

Freedom from hunger: An achievable goal for the United States of America

Individual Author: 
Chilton, Mariana
Coates, Spencer
Doar, Robert
Everett, Jeremy
Finn, Susan
Frank, Deborah
Jamason, Cherie
Shore, Billy
Sykes, Russell

To identify solutions to hunger, Congress created the bipartisan National Commission on Hunger “to provide policy recommendations to Congress and the USDA Secretary to more effectively use existing programs and funds of the Department of Agriculture to combat domestic hunger and food insecurity.”

TANF: Transitional jobs and policy change

Individual Author: 
Seymour, Anthea
Armstrong, Karen
Bos, Johannes
Cadena, Brian

Drawing on research from California, Colorado, and Washington, D.C., this session explored many facets of TANF. Three researchers shared findings from recent evaluations of a significant policy change in California’s TANF agency; a subsidized employment program in Washington, D.C.; and a transitional jobs program in Colorado. This session was moderated by the director of Washington, D.C.’s TANF agency, Anthea Seymour (D.C. Department of Human Services). Various methodologies were used across the presentations. (Author introduction)