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Washington DC

EITC expansions, earnings growth, and inequality: Evidence from Washington, DC

Individual Author: 
Hardy, Bradley L.
Muhammad, Daniel
Casey, Marcus D.
Samudra, Rhucha

We use longitudinal administrative tax data from Washington DC (DC) to study how EITC expansions undertaken by Washington DC affect income and inequality in the city. We find that DC EITC credit expansions between 2001 and 2009 are associated with recipient pre-tax earnings growth of roughly 3-4 percent, primarily among single mothers. Together these credits reduce post-tax inequality for the 10th percentile relative to median households. However, composition changes in the city and growing overall inequality mitigates this inequality reduction towards the end of the period.

The relationship between student mobility and distance from school in Washington DC

Individual Author: 
Blagg, Kristin
Chingos, Matthew
Rosenboom, Victoria

Most public school students in Washington DC do not have access to yellow bus service to school, travelling instead by public transit, car, or on foot. In this study, we follow all kindergarten, 6th grade, and 9th grade students enrolled in DC public traditional and charter schools from the 2013-14 school year to the 2015-16 school year. We calculate transit and drive times for each student, estimating their typical time to school and its relationship to transfers between schools, both during the school year and between school years.

Overall and heterogeneous effects of the DC Opportunity Scholarship Program

Individual Author: 
Rui, Ning
Dynarski, Mark
Webber, Ann
Gutmann, Babette

School voucher, which allows families to have the opportunity to send their children to a school of their choice, has been the subject of much debate over the last few decades. While for some voucher serve as a useful vehicle for expanding school choice for the disadvantaged students, for others it might exacerbate the already severe racial and social segregation among schools, without extensive investments in schools' capacity in the beginning (Elmore 2002; Kim & Sunderman, 2005).

Freedom from hunger: An achievable goal for the United States of America

Individual Author: 
Chilton, Mariana
Coates, Spencer
Doar, Robert
Everett, Jeremy
Finn, Susan
Frank, Deborah
Jamason, Cherie
Shore, Billy
Sykes, Russell

To identify solutions to hunger, Congress created the bipartisan National Commission on Hunger “to provide policy recommendations to Congress and the USDA Secretary to more effectively use existing programs and funds of the Department of Agriculture to combat domestic hunger and food insecurity.”

TANF: Transitional jobs and policy change

Individual Author: 
Seymour, Anthea
Armstrong, Karen
Bos, Johannes
Cadena, Brian

Drawing on research from California, Colorado, and Washington, D.C., this session explored many facets of TANF. Three researchers shared findings from recent evaluations of a significant policy change in California’s TANF agency; a subsidized employment program in Washington, D.C.; and a transitional jobs program in Colorado. This session was moderated by the director of Washington, D.C.’s TANF agency, Anthea Seymour (D.C. Department of Human Services). Various methodologies were used across the presentations. (Author introduction)

The new wave of local minimum wage policies: Evidence from six cities

Individual Author: 
Allegretto, Sylvia
Godoey, Anna
Nadler, Carl
Reich, Michael

In recent years, a new wave of state and local activity has transformed minimum wage policy in the U.S. As of August 2018, ten large cities and seven states have enacted minimum wage policies in the $12 to $15 range. Dozens of smaller cities and counties have also enacted wage standards in this range. These higher minimum wages, which are being phased in gradually, will cover well over 20 percent of the U.S. workforce. With a substantial number of additional cities and states poised to soon enact similar policies, a large portion of the U.S.

Solutions for youth: An evaluation of the Latin American Youth Center's Promotor Pathway program

Individual Author: 
Theodos, Brett
Pergamit, Mike
Derian, Alexandra
Edelstein, Sara
Stolte, Allison

This report evaluates the Latin American Youth Center’s (LAYC) Promotor Pathway program. The program matches youth with a “promotor,” who provides intensive case management, mentorship, and advocacy, and aims to improve education and employment outcomes, boost life skills, prevent delinquency, and reduce unhealthy behaviors for at-risk youth transitioning to adulthood.

Impacts of programs to avoid sexual risk and prevent pregnancy

Individual Author: 
Rue, Lisa
Chamberlain, Seth
Covington, Reginald
Goesling, Brian
Zief, Susan

This panel highlighted three studies funded through the Personal Responsibility Education Program multi-component evaluation and the Federal Evaluation of Selected Programs for Expectant and Parenting Youth. These evaluations document how teen pregnancy prevention initiatives and programs for expectant and parenting teens are implemented in the field and assess selected programs’ effectiveness. Seth Chamberlain (Administration for Children and Families) moderated the session and Lisa Rue (University of Northern Colorado) served as the discussant.

Bridging the opportunity divide for low-income youth: Implementation and early impacts of the Year Up program

Individual Author: 
Fein, David
Hamadyk, Jill

This report assesses the implementation and early impacts of Year Up, a national sectoral training program for young adults aged 18-24. Year Up aims to help low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete training leading to employment in high-demand, well-paying occupations.

Promoting social and economic mobility in Washington, DC: Challenges and choices for the new mayor

Individual Author: 
Acs, Gregory
Eyster, Lauren
Schwabish, Jonathan

As Mayor Bowser settles into her office, she leads a city that is growing more prosperous. Yet too many DC residents are not sharing in that prosperity. Since the last recession began in 2007, median income in DC has grown by three times the national average, reaching nearly $61,000 in 2013. Yet DC’s unemployment rate persistently remains about 1 percentage point higher than in the nation as a whole. Removing barriers to mobility and creating meaningful opportunities for all DC residents to prosper require various strategies.