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Washington DC

Bridging the opportunity divide for low-income youth: Implementation and early impacts of the Year Up program

Individual Author: 
Fein, David
Hamadyk, Jill

This report assesses the implementation and early impacts of Year Up, a national sectoral training program for young adults aged 18-24. Year Up aims to help low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete training leading to employment in high-demand, well-paying occupations.

Promoting social and economic mobility in Washington, DC: Challenges and choices for the new mayor

Individual Author: 
Acs, Gregory
Eyster, Lauren
Schwabish, Jonathan

As Mayor Bowser settles into her office, she leads a city that is growing more prosperous. Yet too many DC residents are not sharing in that prosperity. Since the last recession began in 2007, median income in DC has grown by three times the national average, reaching nearly $61,000 in 2013. Yet DC’s unemployment rate persistently remains about 1 percentage point higher than in the nation as a whole. Removing barriers to mobility and creating meaningful opportunities for all DC residents to prosper require various strategies.

TANF on the brink of change: Reflections of mothers receiving cash assistance in the District of Columbia

Individual Author: 
Hahn, Heather
Coffey, Amelia
Pratt, Eleanor

The District of Columbia is changing its Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance program to promote better long-term outcomes for families and children. The most recent change, implemented April 2018, is an end to the five-year limit for full benefits. Previously, families who received benefits received reduced cash assistance after 60 months in the program. They will now receive the full amount.

Testing strategies to increase saving and retention in Individual Development Account programs

Individual Author: 
Loibl, Cäzilia
Jones, Lauren
Haisley, Emily
Loewenstein, George

In a series of field experiments we test whether saving and retention rates in a federally funded, matched savings program for low-income families – the Individual Development Account (IDA) program – can be improved through the introduction of program features inspired by behavioral economics. We partnered with eight IDA programs across the U.S. who agreed to randomly assign participants to different experimental conditions.

The road to school: How far students travel to school in the choice-rich cities of Denver, Detroit, New Orleans, New York City, and Washington, DC

Individual Author: 
Blagg, Kristin
Chingos, Matthew
Corcoran, Sean P.
Cordes, Sarah A.
Cowen, Joshua
Denice, Patrick
Gross, Betheny
Lincove, Jane Arnold
Sattin-Bajaj, Carolyn
Schwartz, Amy Ellen
Valant, Jon

How to get to school is an important issue for families who want to send their children to schools outside their neighborhood and for education policymakers seeking to implement school choice policies that mitigate educational inequality. We analyze travel times between the homes and schools of nearly 190,000 students across five large US cities that offer a significant amount of educational choice:  Denver, Detroit, New Orleans, New York City, and Washington, DC. We find: 

The effect of the earned income tax credit in the District of Columbia on poverty and income dynamics

Individual Author: 
Hardy, Bradley L.
Muhammad, Daniel
Samudra, Rhucha

Using unique longitudinal administrative tax panel data for the District of Columbia (DC), we assess the combined effect of the DC supplemental earned income tax credit (EITC) and the federal EITC on poverty and income dynamics within Washington, DC, from 2001 to 2011. The EITC in DC merits investigation, as the DC supplement to the federal credit is the largest in the nation. The supplemental DC EITC was enacted in 2000, and has been expanded from 10 percent of the federal credit in 2001 to 40 percent as of 2009.

Reducing work disincentives in the Housing Choice Voucher Program: Rent Reform Demonstration baseline report

Individual Author: 
Riccio, James
Deitch, Victoria
Verma, Nandita

The purpose of the Rent Reform Demonstration is to test an alternative to the current rent-setting system for families using housing choice vouchers (HCV). The goals of the alternative rent-setting model now being tested are to incentivize employment and reduce the complexity and burden (and, thus, the cost) of administering the rent policy, while not causing unnecessary hardship for HCV households.

Family voices: Piloting a new qualitative measure of family engagement for Head Start and Early Head Start staff and families

Individual Author: 
Aikens, Nikki
Bandel, Eileen
Akers, Lauren
Lyskawa, Julia
Jerald, Judith

This methodological report focuses on the development of qualitative instruments designed to better understand family engagement in Head Start and Early Head Start. The report draws on pilot data collected during the 2012-2013 program year and provides information about the performance of the piloted interview protocols, revisions made to instruments based on their performance, and the best methods for gathering qualitative information about family engagement experiences from families and staff in future studies.

Family violence collaboration

Individual Author: 
Office of Child Support Enforcement

The Promoting Child Well-Being & Family Self-Sufficiency Fact Sheet Series discusses how and why the child support program provides innovative services to families across six interrelated areas to assure that parents have the tools and resources they need to support their children and be positively involved in raising them. This fact sheet explains how family-centered strategies must not put women and children at greater risk of violence.