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Washington DC

Freedom from hunger: An achievable goal for the United States of America

Individual Author: 
Chilton, Mariana
Coates, Spencer
Doar, Robert
Everett, Jeremy
Finn, Susan
Frank, Deborah
Jamason, Cherie
Shore, Billy
Sykes, Russell

To identify solutions to hunger, Congress created the bipartisan National Commission on Hunger “to provide policy recommendations to Congress and the USDA Secretary to more effectively use existing programs and funds of the Department of Agriculture to combat domestic hunger and food insecurity.”

TANF: Transitional jobs and policy change

Individual Author: 
Seymour, Anthea
Armstrong, Karen
Bos, Johannes
Cadena, Brian

Drawing on research from California, Colorado, and Washington, D.C., this session explored many facets of TANF. Three researchers shared findings from recent evaluations of a significant policy change in California’s TANF agency; a subsidized employment program in Washington, D.C.; and a transitional jobs program in Colorado. This session was moderated by the director of Washington, D.C.’s TANF agency, Anthea Seymour (D.C. Department of Human Services). Various methodologies were used across the presentations. (Author introduction)

The new wave of local minimum wage policies: Evidence from six cities

Individual Author: 
Allegretto, Sylvia
Godoey, Anna
Nadler, Carl
Reich, Michael

In recent years, a new wave of state and local activity has transformed minimum wage policy in the U.S. As of August 2018, ten large cities and seven states have enacted minimum wage policies in the $12 to $15 range. Dozens of smaller cities and counties have also enacted wage standards in this range. These higher minimum wages, which are being phased in gradually, will cover well over 20 percent of the U.S. workforce. With a substantial number of additional cities and states poised to soon enact similar policies, a large portion of the U.S.

Solutions for youth: An evaluation of the Latin American Youth Center's Promotor Pathway program

Individual Author: 
Theodos, Brett
Pergamit, Mike
Derian, Alexandra
Edelstein, Sara
Stolte, Allison

This report evaluates the Latin American Youth Center’s (LAYC) Promotor Pathway program. The program matches youth with a “promotor,” who provides intensive case management, mentorship, and advocacy, and aims to improve education and employment outcomes, boost life skills, prevent delinquency, and reduce unhealthy behaviors for at-risk youth transitioning to adulthood.

Bridging the opportunity divide for low-income youth: Implementation and early impacts of the Year Up program

Individual Author: 
Fein, David
Hamadyk, Jill

This report assesses the implementation and early impacts of Year Up, a national sectoral training program for young adults aged 18-24. Year Up aims to help low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete training leading to employment in high-demand, well-paying occupations.

Promoting social and economic mobility in Washington, DC: Challenges and choices for the new mayor

Individual Author: 
Acs, Gregory
Eyster, Lauren
Schwabish, Jonathan

As Mayor Bowser settles into her office, she leads a city that is growing more prosperous. Yet too many DC residents are not sharing in that prosperity. Since the last recession began in 2007, median income in DC has grown by three times the national average, reaching nearly $61,000 in 2013. Yet DC’s unemployment rate persistently remains about 1 percentage point higher than in the nation as a whole. Removing barriers to mobility and creating meaningful opportunities for all DC residents to prosper require various strategies.

TANF on the brink of change: Reflections of mothers receiving cash assistance in the District of Columbia

Individual Author: 
Hahn, Heather
Coffey, Amelia
Pratt, Eleanor

The District of Columbia is changing its Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance program to promote better long-term outcomes for families and children. The most recent change, implemented April 2018, is an end to the five-year limit for full benefits. Previously, families who received benefits received reduced cash assistance after 60 months in the program. They will now receive the full amount.

Testing strategies to increase saving and retention in Individual Development Account programs

Individual Author: 
Loibl, Cäzilia
Jones, Lauren
Haisley, Emily
Loewenstein, George

In a series of field experiments we test whether saving and retention rates in a federally funded, matched savings program for low-income families – the Individual Development Account (IDA) program – can be improved through the introduction of program features inspired by behavioral economics. We partnered with eight IDA programs across the U.S. who agreed to randomly assign participants to different experimental conditions.

The road to school: How far students travel to school in the choice-rich cities of Denver, Detroit, New Orleans, New York City, and Washington, DC

Individual Author: 
Blagg, Kristin
Chingos, Matthew
Corcoran, Sean P.
Cordes, Sarah A.
Cowen, Joshua
Denice, Patrick
Gross, Betheny
Lincove, Jane Arnold
Sattin-Bajaj, Carolyn
Schwartz, Amy Ellen
Valant, Jon

How to get to school is an important issue for families who want to send their children to schools outside their neighborhood and for education policymakers seeking to implement school choice policies that mitigate educational inequality. We analyze travel times between the homes and schools of nearly 190,000 students across five large US cities that offer a significant amount of educational choice:  Denver, Detroit, New Orleans, New York City, and Washington, DC. We find: 

The effect of the earned income tax credit in the District of Columbia on poverty and income dynamics

Individual Author: 
Hardy, Bradley L.
Muhammad, Daniel
Samudra, Rhucha

Using unique longitudinal administrative tax panel data for the District of Columbia (DC), we assess the combined effect of the DC supplemental earned income tax credit (EITC) and the federal EITC on poverty and income dynamics within Washington, DC, from 2001 to 2011. The EITC in DC merits investigation, as the DC supplement to the federal credit is the largest in the nation. The supplemental DC EITC was enacted in 2000, and has been expanded from 10 percent of the federal credit in 2001 to 40 percent as of 2009.