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VT

Geographic patterns in disability insurance receipt: Mental disorders in New England

Individual Author: 
Schwabish, Jonathan

This brief examines correlates of DI benefit receipt for people with mental disorders, focusing on the higher rate of receipt in the six New England states. In 2015, 1.8 percent of all 18- to 65-year-olds across the country received DI benefits because of mental disorders. That recipiency rate was markedly higher in Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The evidence suggests that access to and treatment from the health care system (which tend to be better in New England states) may help people identify their illnesses and contact the DI program and other services.

Behavioral Interventions for Child Support Services

Individual Author: 
Office of Child Support Enforcement

In the Behavioral Interventions for Child Support Services (BICS) demonstration project, the Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) has competitively awarded grants to seven states and the District of Columbia to better understand individuals' behavior and decision-making ability when it comes to participating in the child support program.The five-year demonstration is exploring the potential relevance and application of behavioral economics principles to child support services, focusing on areas such as modification of orders and early engagement in the child support establishment proc

Applying behavioral science to child support: Building a body of evidence

Individual Author: 
Center for Applied Behavioral Science

To explore further the potential of behavioral science to improve social programs, the federal government’s Administration for Children and Families (ACF) has launched some of the broadest and most rigorous applied behavioral science projects yet: Behavioral Interventions to Advance Self-Sufficiency (BIAS), Behavioral Interventions for Child Support Services (BICS), and BIAS Next Generation.

Asset Building through Credit pilot

Individual Author: 
Klein, Joyce
Gomez, Luz
Edgcomb, Elaine

In early 2014, FIELD released the first findings from the ABC pilot. The publication examines the experiences of the five participating sites during the year-long pilot period. Drawing from their experiences, the paper provides insights for organizations, coaches and financial institutions about the ideal customer profile, card approval rates, the demographic and credit profiles of cardholders at the time of application and preliminary findings on credit score outcomes. (Author abstract)

A study of the Self-Employment Assistance program: Helping unemployed workers pursue self-employment

Individual Author: 
Weigensberg, Elizabeth
Needels, Karen
Gould-Werth, Alix
Patnaik, Ankita
Lee, Joanne

This report for the Department of Labor examines Self-Employment Assistance (SEA) programs, which help qualifying unemployment insurance recipients set up a business in lieu of seeking a new job. In addition to providing a weekly self-employment allowance, SEA programs typically partnered with other organizations to provide participants with important business development supports, including counseling, mentoring, or training.

Prevalence of food insecurity and utilization of food assistance program: An exploratory survey of a Vermont middle school

Individual Author: 
Khan, Shamima
Pinckey, Richard G.
Keeney, Dorigen
Frankowski, Barbara
Carney, Jan K.

BACKGROUND: Access to sufficient food--in terms of both quality and quantity--is especially critical for children. Undernourishment during childhood and adolescence can have health implications, both short and long term. The prevalence of food insecurity was assessed in a sample of Vermont school children, as well as the relationship between food insecurity, participation in school breakfast or lunch, exercise and body mass index (BMI), all with a goal to identify needs to improve effectiveness of current programs.

Vermont's welfare restructuring project: Key findings from the forty-two-month client survey

Individual Author: 
Bloom, Dan
Hendra, Richard
Michalopoulos, Charles

Vermont's Welfare Restructuring Project (WRP) was one of the first statewide welfare reform programs initiated under waivers of federal welfare rules that were granted before the passage of the 1996 federal welfare law. WRP required most single-parent recipients to work in wage-paying jobs once they had received welfare for 30 cumulative months (two-parent families with an able-bodied primary wage earner face a full-time work requirement after 15 months of benefits).

Chronic diseases and related risk factors among low-income mothers

Individual Author: 
Bombard, Jennifer
Dietz, Patricia
Galavotti, Christine
England, Lucinda
Tong, Van
Hayes, Donald
Morrow, Brian

The aim is to describe the burden of chronic disease and related risk factors among low-income women of reproductive age. We analyzed population-based data from the 2005-2006 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) for 14,990 women with a live birth in 7 states.

Neighborhood stabilization: The rural story

Individual Author: 
Bradley, Erica

When house prices crashed in 2006-2007, foreclosures increased. The ensuing financial crisis and deep recession exacerbated the impact.

Concerned that foreclosures—and the associated property abandonment and crime—were destructive to communities, the federal government launched the Neighborhood Stabilization Program in 2008. Under the program, $3.92 billion was appropriated in grants to states, municipalities, and tribal governments. The funds could be used for the following:

Declaring welfare "reform" a success: The role of applied social science

Individual Author: 
Nelson, Margaret K.

This paper considers how applied social science has simultaneously helped to create the social change known as welfare “reform” and actively participated in the positive evaluation of its effects. It takes as its specific case study Vermont’s welfare restructuring project and the evaluation of that project as completed by the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation. The analysis covers the goals of welfare restructuring, the ethics of experimental design, the consequences of reporting that focus narrowly on experimental effects, and issues of presentation in MDRC reports.