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Adult basic education: Aligning adult basic education and postsecondary education

Individual Author: 
Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board

In 2007, the 80th Texas Legislature included a rider to the General Appropriations Act for the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. The rider directed the agency to coordinate with the Texas Education Agency to develop and implement plans to align adult basic education with postsecondary education.

Food stamps, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, and food hardship in three American cities

Individual Author: 
DePolt, Richard A.
Moffitt, Robert A.
Ribar, David C.

We examine how participation in the Food Stamp and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Programs is associated with self-reported household food hardships, using data from a longitudinal survey of low-income families living in Boston, Chicago and San Antonio. In addition to the measures of hardships and program participation, the survey includes measures of income, wealth, social resources, disability, physical health and family structure, measures that help us to account for selection between recipient and non-recipient households.

The Enhanced Transitional Jobs Demonstration: Implementation and early impacts of the next generation of subsidized employment programs

Individual Author: 
Redcross, Cindy
Barden, Bret
Bloom, Dan

This report presents interim impact and implementation findings of seven transitional jobs programs from the U.S. Department of Labor’s Enhanced Transitional Jobs Demonstration. Two of the sites in that study — in Atlanta and San Francisco — are also a part of ACF’s Subsidized and Transitional Employment Demonstration. The two studies closely coordinated beyond the shared sites, including shared reports, common data collection instruments, and other ongoing collaboration.

The intersection of place, working parents and food assistance: Implications for preventing child and adolescent obesity

Individual Author: 
Vasquez, Liset L.
Shaw-Ridley, Mary
Baig, Kamran

Background/Purpose: The cumulative effects of the environment, educational system, and social injustices contribute to child health disparities. Collectively, these factors create barriers to national efforts aimed at reducing childhood obesity. Thus, behavioral, social, and cultural contributing factors were examined.

Methods: Parents and guardians of Texas (n=714) children were interviewed by telephone using the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH). Weight status and variables of interest were analyzed using logistic regression.

Child hunger and the protective effects of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and alternative food sources among Mexican-origin families in Texas border colonias

Individual Author: 
Sharkey, Joseph R.
Dean, Wesley R.
Nalty, Courtney C.

Background: Nutritional health is essential for children’s growth and development. Many Mexican-origin children who reside in limited-resource colonias along the Texas-Mexico border are at increased risk for poor nutrition as a result of household food insecurity. However, little is known about the prevalence of child hunger or its associated factors among children of Mexican immigrants. This study determines the prevalence of child hunger and identifies protective and risk factors associated with it in two Texas border areas.

Outcomes of competency-based education in community colleges: Summative findings from the evaluation of a TAACCCT grant

Individual Author: 
Person, Ann E.
Thomas, Jaime
Bruch, Julie
Johann, Alexander
Maestas, Nikhail

Competency-based education models allow students to move through material independently, advancing when they demonstrate content mastery. Proponents of competency-based approaches view them as a potential solution to student demand for flexible, career-relevant programs and to employer demand for skilled workers. This report presents summative findings from the evaluation of online, competency-based information technology programs offered by a consortium of three community colleges under a grant from the U.S.

Measuring vulnerable population’s healthy and unhealthy food access in Austin, Texas

Individual Author: 
Jiao, Junfeng

Food deserts—areas with a significant low-income population experiencing low accessibility to healthy food sources—have been well studied in terms of their connection to obesity and its related health outcomes. Measuring food accessibility is the key component in food desert research. However, previous studies often measured food accessibility based on large geographic units (e.g., census tract, zip code) with few transportation modes (e.g., driving or taking public transit) and limited vulnerable population measures.

The effects of housing and neighborhood chaos on children

Individual Author: 
Levine Coley, Rebekah
Doyle Lynch, Alicia
Kull, Melissa

Poor families often confront chaos and instability in their family, home, and neighborhood contexts. For very young children, this environmental chaos interrupts critical routines and stability at a time in life when they matter dearly. Indeed, research has shown a link between chaos in a child’s early home environment and harm to physical and mental health, brain development, and other outcomes. Yet how exactly chaos affects children is still a question. Is it the timing of the disruptions—early in life rather than later, for example? Is it the intensity of the chaos?

Identifying and serving LGBTQ youth: Case studies of runaway and homeless youth program grantees

Individual Author: 
Burkwick, Andrew
Oddo, Vanessa
Durso, Laura
Gates, Gary
Friend, Daniel

Some government and private organizations are interested in improving services for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth who run away from home or experience homelessness. These efforts are prompted, in part, by research suggesting LGBTQ youth may be at greater risk for experiencing homelessness and, if they become homeless, more likely than their heterosexual counterparts to experience victimization, engage in high-risk sexual behaviors, and have poor mental health.

The neighborhood contexts in which low-income families navigate welfare reform: Evidence from the Three-City Study

Individual Author: 
Bennett, Pamela R.
Cherlin, Andrew J.

We investigate the neighborhood contexts in which low-income families negotiate the new environment created by welfare reform. Using data from the Three-City Study and U.S. Census, we follow 1,059 low-income women from 1999 to 2005 tracking their neighborhood quality, employment, and welfare use. Despite living in similar neighborhoods in 1999, women who left welfare experienced larger reductions in neighborhood disadvantage than women who remained on welfare.