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Migration and housing price effects of place-based college scholarships

Individual Author: 
Bartik, Timothy J.
Sotherland, Nathan

Place-based college scholarships, such as the Kalamazoo Promise, provide students who live in a particular place, and/or who attend a particular school district, with generous college scholarships. An important potential benefit from such “Promise programs” is their short-term effects on local economic development. Generous Promise scholarships provide an incentive for families to locate in a particular place, which may change migration patterns, and potentially boost local employment and housing prices.

An introduction to the world of work: A study of the implementation and impacts of New York City's Summer Youth Employment Program

Individual Author: 
Valentine, Erin Jacobs
Anderson, Chloe
Hossain, Farhana
Unterman, Rebecca

At the turn of the 21st century, employment rates among American teenagers and young adults began falling dramatically, a trend that accelerated during the Great Recession and has since reversed little. In this context, public programs that provide paid summer jobs to young people may play an especially important role in providing early work experiences to teenagers and young adults who would not otherwise have them.

Evaluation of the Ready to Work Partnership grant program: Findings from the implementation study of four training programs for long-term unemployed workers

Individual Author: 
Martinson, Karin
Copson, Elizabeth
Schneider, Glen
Elkin, Sam
Sarfo, Bright
Kappil, Tresa
Ma, Claire
Morrison, Carly
Nakas, Audra

A key challenge facing policymakers and program administrators is how to develop effective strategies to help Americans facing economic challenges, particularly the long-term unemployed, to succeed in the labor market. During the deep recession of 2008-2009, an unprecedented number of workers lost their jobs and many remained under- or unemployed, even as the economy recovered.

Preconception health indicators: A comparison between non-Appalachian and Appalachian women

Individual Author: 
Short, Vanessa L.
Oza-Frank, Reena
Conrey, Elizabeth J.

To compare preconception health indicators (PCHIs) among non-pregnant women aged 18–44 years residing in Appalachian and non-Appalachian counties in 13 U.S. states. Data from the 1997–2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to estimate the prevalence of PCHIs among women in states with ≥1 Appalachian county. Counties were classified as Appalachian (n = 36,496 women) or non-Appalachian (n = 88,312 women) and Appalachian counties were categorized according to economic status.

Low-income parents' adult interactions at childcare centres

Individual Author: 
Reid, Jeanne L.
Martin, Anne
Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne

Little is known about the extent and nature of low-income parents’ interactions with other parents and staff at childcare centres, despite the potential for these interactions to provide emotional, informational, and instrumental support. This study interviewed 51 parents at three childcare centres in low-income neighbourhoods in New York City. Twenty-six percent of parents reported talking with other parents at drop-off and pick-up, and another 35% reported meeting with parents outside the centre in addition to talking with them at the centre.

Diversion and kinship care: A collaborative approach between child welfare services and NYS's Kinship Navigator

Individual Author: 
Wallace, Gerard William
Lee, Eunju

This article suggests that kin are engaged as a resource by local departments of social services and diverted into informal kinship care, outside of foster care, and that these families often are not connected to services. The authors offer a procedure for insuring that kin who are diverted are connected to kinship navigators and direct services. (Author abstract)

Domestic victims of human trafficking demonstration projects: Service models of the first cohort of projects

Individual Author: 
Krieger, Kathleen
Walters, Jennifer Hardison
Feinberg, Rose
Gemminger, Merissa
Asefnia, Nakisa
Gibbs, Deborah

This brief describes the service models of the first cohort of projects that implemented 2-year demonstration projects for domestic victims of human trafficking from October 2014 through September 2016 in Maricopa and Pima Counties, Arizona; Salt Lake City, Utah; and New York City. Each project’s organization background; demonstration project structure, including key partners and roles; and victim service model are described. Domestic human trafficking involves both forced labor and sexual exploitation of minors and adults, of citizens and lawful permanent residents, and of men and women.

Helping children in the child welfare system heal from trauma: A systems integration approach

Individual Author: 
Taylor, Nicole
Siegfried, Christine B.

The mental health needs of children and families in the child welfare system require consistent, ongoing attention of all of the systems that work with the child. The child welfare system, schools, and the network of community-based organizations serving the needs of maltreated children will be most effective by working both individually and jointly to respond to the unique mental health needs of children and youth with histories of abuse and trauma. This is a report on the results of a survey conducted among child-serving agencies in a number of states.