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Group work with homeless mothers: Promoting resilience through mutual aid

Individual Author: 
Knight, Carolyn

In the article, the author discusses how group work can be used to promote strength and resilience in homeless mothers, based on the current theoretical and empirical literature. The advantages of group work for homeless mothers are identified, as well as the skills and tasks associated with effective leadership of such groups. Common themes that surface in these groups are examined, as are challenges. The author's experiences facilitating a group for homeless mothers in a residential shelter are used to illustrate key points. (Author abstract)


The sociocultural context of Mexican-origin pregnant adolescents’ attitudes toward teen pregnancy and links to future outcomes

Individual Author: 
Killoren, Sarah E.
Zeiders, Katharine H.
Updegraff, Kimberly A.
Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J.

Given the negative developmental risks associated with adolescent motherhood, it is important to examine the sociocultural context of adolescent mothers’ lives to identify those most at risk for poor outcomes. Our goals were to identify profiles of Mexican-origin pregnant adolescents’ cultural orientations and their attitudes toward teen pregnancy, and to investigate how these profiles were linked to adolescents’ pregnancy intentions, family resources, and short-term family, educational, and parenting outcomes.

Mothers' and fathers' roles in child adjustment: Parenting practices and mothers' emotion socialization as predictors

Individual Author: 
Cheung, Rebecca Y. M.
Boise, Courtney
Cummings, Edward Mark
Davies, Patrick T.

Grounded in a conceptual model of family processes underlying socioemotional development and a contextual model of parenting style, the present study addresses the associations between parenting practices, mothers’ emotion socialization, and child adjustment in middle childhood. A total of 217 families involving mothers, fathers, and 8-year-old children (101 boys, 116 girls) were recruited to participate in this study.

Employment and health among low-income adults and their children: A review of the literature

Individual Author: 
Sama-Miller, Emily
Kleinman, Rebecca
Timmins, Lori
Dahlen, Heather

Decades of research have produced convincing evidence of a strong relationship between having a job and enjoying good health. But does employment cause health outcomes or does health cause employment outcomes? If employment can cause health outcomes, does working make health better or worse?

Supporting employees and maximizing profit: The case for workforce development focused on self-regulation

Individual Author: 
Kauff, Jacqueline F.

This brief was developed under the Goal-Oriented Adult Learning in Self-Sufficiency (GOALS) project on behalf of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE). Under this project, Mathematica Policy Research explored how emerging insights from psychology, neuroscience, behavioral science, and goal achievement can inform workforce development programs for lowincome adults. Several project activities contributed to the development of this brief, including

Child poverty heavily concentrated in rural Mississippi, even more so than before the Great Recession

Individual Author: 
Farrigan, Tracey

The share of children living in poverty in the U.S. remains higher than it was before the Great Recession. According to estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS), nearly 20 percent of children were living in poverty in 2016, compared with 18 percent in 2007. Also, the number of children in poverty increased over this period by 1 million, from 13,097,100 to 14,115,713. Child poverty rates continue to be highest in the South and Southwest, particularly in counties with cocentrations of Native Americans along the Mississippi Delta.

Child poverty in rural America

Individual Author: 
Rothwell, David
Thiede, Brian C.

More than one in four rural children live in a family with income below the official poverty line in 2013, compared to one in five in 1999. Possible reasons for this rise in rural poverty include changes in family composition, educational attainment, labor markets, and changes to social welfare policies. The social welfare system in the United States, comprising the full array of income transfers, tax credits, and other benefits available to those in need, was designed to offset economic hardship.

Understanding the link between racial trauma and substance use among American Indians

Individual Author: 
Skewes, Monica C.
Blume, Arthur W.

Historians and scholars from various disciplines have documented the pervasive influence of racism on American society and culture, including effects on the health and well-being of American Indian (AI) people. Among the many health problems affected by racial discrimination and oppression, both historical and current, are substance use disorders. Epidemiological studies have documented greater drug and alcohol-related morbidity and mortality among AI/AN Alaska Natives compared to other ethnic groups, and culturally appropriate, effective interventions are sorely needed.

5 things to know about the transition from foster care to adulthood

Individual Author: 
Connelly, Dana Dean
Jordan, Elizabeth

The transition from childhood to adulthood is a challenge in the best of circumstances. It takes a network of strong and stable connections with family, friends, and community to help young people learn and grow into healthy adults, and to support the incredible brain development that occurs during this time. But what about young people who have spent some or all of their childhood in foster care? Many of them lack these stable connections.

Resilience among children exposed to domestic violence: The role of risk and protective factors

Individual Author: 
Martinez-Torteya, Cecilia
Bogat, G. Anne
von Eye, Alexander
Levendosky, Alytia A.

Individual and family characteristics that predict resilience among children exposed to domestic violence (DV) were examined. Mother–child dyads (n = 190) were assessed when the children were 2, 3, and 4 years of age. DV-exposed children were 3.7 times more likely than nonexposed children to develop internalizing or externalizing problems. However, 54% of DV-exposed children maintained positive adaptation and were characterized by easy temperament (odds ratio [OR] = .39, d = .52) and nondepressed mothers (OR = 1.14, d = .07), as compared to their nonresilient counterparts.