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When mothers’ work matters for youths’ daily time use: Implications of evening and weekend shifts

Individual Author: 
Lee, Soomi
Davis, Kelly D,
McHale, Susan M.
Kelly, Erin L.
Kossek, Erin Ernst
Crouter, Ann C.

Drawing upon the work-home resources model, this study examined the implications of mothers’ evening and weekend shifts for youths’ time with mother, alone, and hanging out with peers unsupervised, with attention to both the amount and day-to-day consistency of time use. Data came from 173 mothers who worked in the long-term care industry and their youths who provided daily diaries. Multilevel modeling revealed that youths whose mothers worked more evening shifts on average spent less time with their mothers compared to youths whose mothers worked fewer evening shifts.

Consequences of partner incarceration for women's employment

Individual Author: 
Bruns, Angela

Research has documented the limited opportunities men have to earn income while in prison and the barriers to securing employment and decent wages upon release. However, little research has considered the relationship between men's incarceration and the employment of the women in their lives. Economic theory suggests that family members of incarcerated individuals may attempt to smooth income fluctuation resulting from incarceration by increasing their labor supply.

An evaluation of a dollar-for-dollar match program at farmers’ markets for families using Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits

Individual Author: 
Amaro, Christina M.
Roberts, Michael C.

The purpose of the current study was to provide a descriptive case study of a dollar-for-dollar match program at farmers’ markets for families using Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits. Specifically, the study sought to examine characteristics (e.g., demographics, household food security), needs, and benefits of families using the match program. It also sought to examine recommendations from families in order to improve the match program.

Improving outcomes for transitional youth: Considerations for Pay for Success projects

Individual Author: 
Mitra-Majumdar, Mayookha
Fudge, Keith
Ramakrishnan, Kriti

Transitional youth are young people ages 16 to 24 who leave foster care without being adopted or reunited with their biological families and/or who are involved in the juvenile justice system, where they may be in detention or subject to terms of probation. With childhoods often marked by trauma and a lack of stability, transitional youth face notoriously poor outcomes across many areas of life. Pay for success (PFS) may provide an opportunity to address some of the challenges faced by transitional youth and the difficulties in serving them.

Associations between publicly funded preschool and low-income children’s kindergarten readiness: The moderating role of child temperament

Individual Author: 
Johnson, Anna D.
Finch, Jenna E.
Phillips, Deborah A.

Publicly funded center-based preschool programs were designed to enhance low-income children’s early cognitive and social-emotional skills in preparation for kindergarten. In the U.S., the federal Head Start program and state-funded public school–based pre-kindergarten (pre-k) programs are the two primary center-based settings in which low-income children experience publicly funded preschool.

Child care subsidies under the CCDF program: An overview of policy differences across states and territories as of October 1, 2017

Individual Author: 
Tran, Victoria
Dwyer, Kelly
Minton, Sarah

If a single mother earns $25,000 per year, can she receive a subsidy to help pay for child care? What if she decides to attend a training program? If she does qualify for a subsidy, how much will she have to pay out of pocket? The answers to these questions depend on a family’s exact circumstances, including the ages of the children, the number of people in the family, income, and where they live. Child care subsidies are provided through a federal block grant program called the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF). CCDF provides funding to the States, Territories, and Tribes.

Tribal TANF-child welfare coordination: Theory of change and logic models

Individual Author: 
Ahonen, Pirkko
Geary, Erin
Keene, Kirsten

A well-articulated theory of change and logic model are important tools in service delivery. These tools support programs in understanding and improving how a program functions. They provide a foundation for meaningful planning and monitoring of activities. A theory of change and logic model rely on and help support the use of data within an organization. As programs are beginning to articulate a theory of change, data can help service providers understand the needs of individuals with whom they work, their target population. Data can also help inform realistic goals for program progress.

The Innovate phase: Co-creating evidence-informed solutions to improve human services programs

Individual Author: 
Derr, Michelle
McCay, Jonathan
Person, Ann

The Learn, Innovate, Improve (or LI2) process is an approach that practitioners might use as part of the change and continuous quality improvement process. LI2 was developed by Mathematica Policy Research in partnership with the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE) within the Administration for Children and Families and Harvard University’s Center on the Developing Child.

Welfare participation and depression among youth in the United States: A systematic review

Individual Author: 
Wu, Shiyou
Wu, Qi
Fraser, Mark W.
Chapman, Mimi V.
Gao, Qin

Welfare programs play important roles in the lives of vulnerable populations. However, since their inception, welfare programs have been accompanied by contentious debate about their impact on the wellbeing of participants and, hence, about their collective value as a strategy for alleviating poverty. This study uses welfare participation as a marker of lower socioeconomic status to identify and synthesize the relationship between welfare participation and depression among youth.

What is the relationship between benefit conditionality and mental health? Evidence from the United States on TANF policies

Individual Author: 
Davis, Owen

This article provides new evidence on the relationship between benefit conditionality and mental health. Using data on Temporary Assistance for Needy Families policies (TANF) – the main form of poverty relief in the United States – it explores whether the mental health of low-educated single mothers varies according to the stringency of conditionality requirements attached to receipt of benefit.