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Performance management for state vocational rehabilitation agencies serving transition-aged youth

Individual Author: 
Miller, Rachel
Sevak, Purvi
Honeycutt, Todd

This brief illustrates how state vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies can use performance management tools and processes to leverage their data systems to improve their programs. VR agencies play an important role in delivering services to transition-aged youth with disabilities who are preparing to move into employment or postsecondary education. VR agencies collect, or can obtain, large amounts of data on client services and outcomes—data that can go largely underutilized.

Assisted housing mobility initiatives

Individual Author: 
Galvez, Martha M.

Beginning with the settlement houses of the late 19th century, practitioners and policymakers have worked to tackle the challenges of poverty in place through an evolving set of strategies. Since then, federal, state, and local governments; philanthropy; charitable organizations; and research institutions have played important—often complementary—roles in designing, funding, and evaluating interventions. This memo traces that history. (Author abstract) 

Race matters: Unequal opportunity in adolescent reproductive health

Individual Author: 
Annie E. Casey Foundation

Discrimination in housing, lending, hiring and education left families of color with fewer resources with which to raise their children. In turn, kids of color had fewer opportunities for health, school or career success leaving them vulnerable to early childbearing. This 2006 fact sheet brings awareness to the issue of racial inequality and teen pregnancy, and provides policy strategies to tackle the issue. This brief is part of a comprehensive Race Matters toolkit. For more information, visit the Race Matters Institute. (Author Introduction)

How common are nonstandard work schedules among low-income Hispanic parents of young children?

Individual Author: 
Crosby, Danielle A.
Mendez, Julia L.

This brief draws on survey and retrospective calendar data from the 2012 National Survey of Early Care and Education (NSECE) to describe the work schedules of low-income Hispanic parents with young children from birth to age 5 (not yet in kindergarten), and provide comparison data for their non-Hispanic white and black counterparts. We calculate the percentages of low-income Hispanic children with parents working standard weekday, early morning, evening, overnight, and/or weekend hours.

Supporting young people transitioning from foster care: Findings from a national survey

Individual Author: 
Fryar, Garet
Jordan, Elizabeth
DeVooght, Kerry

The transition from adolescence to adulthood is a time full of excitement, growth, and change. Critical brain development occurs during adolescence and early adulthood, and can be supported by strong and stable connections with family, friends, and community. With these supportive connections, young people can grow into healthy adults.

Maternal employment stability in early childhood: Links with child behavior and cognitive skills

Individual Author: 
Pilkauskas, Natasha V.
Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
Waldfogel, Jane

Although many studies have investigated links between maternal employment and children's wellbeing, less research has considered whether the stability of maternal employment is linked with child outcomes. Using unique employment calendar data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=2,011), an urban birth cohort study of largely low-income families, this paper investigates whether the stability of maternal employment in early childhood (birth to age 5) is linked with child behavior and cognitive skills at ages 5 and 9.

Serious mental illness and prolonged youth homelessness

Individual Author: 
ICF Macro

Research about adults experiencing chronic homelessness shows a relationship with serious mental illness. This brief aims to explore whether this same intersection between prolonged homelessness and serious mental illness exists among youth. Generally we found that not much is known about the relationship between serious mental illness and prolonged youth homelessness. However, this brief concludes that: 

Does prior government assistance reduce food or housing assistance among low-income and food insecure households?

Individual Author: 
Nielsen, Robert B.
Seay, Martin C.
Wilmarth, Melissa J.

Despite extensive research into the receipt of government food and housing assistance separately, only limited evidence informs the possibility that the receipt of assistance for one basic need could reduce the need for assistance meeting another basic need. To investigate this possibility among food insecure and low-income households we examined four years of data from each of the 2004 and 2008 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation.

History of place-based interventions

Individual Author: 
Turner, Margery Austin

Beginning with the settlement houses of the late 19th century, practitioners and policymakers have worked to tackle the challenges of poverty in place through an evolving set of strategies. Since then, federal, state, and local governments; philanthropy; charitable organizations; and research institutions have played important—often complementary—roles in designing, funding, and evaluating interventions. This memo traces that history. (Author abstract)