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ACF’s career pathways evaluation findings: What have we learned and future directions for the field

Individual Author: 
Fucello, Mark
Fein, David
Peck, Laura
Irwin, Molly

This video from the 2018 Research and Evaluation Conference on Self-Sufficiency (RECS) presented ACF's evaluation of career pathways programs. The presenters discussed two RCTs, the first being PACE, a study which evaluated 9 different career pathways programs, and HPOG, which aimed to provide TANF recipients with access to careers in healthcare and increase the health care labor force.

Implementation evaluation of the Community-Based Job Training Grant (CBJTG) program

Individual Author: 
Eyster, Lauren
Derrick-Mills, Teresa
Trutko, John
Compton, Jessica F.
Stanczyk, Alexandra
Nightingale, Demetra Smith

Community and technical colleges are important training providers for the nation, uniquely positioned to develop a skilled regional workforce, but may lack the capacity to respond to the needs of industry. The Community-Based Job Training Grant program, administered by the U.S. Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration, was intended to address a critical capacity shortage at community and technical colleges to train workers for high-growth occupations to help strengthen an industry's regional competitiveness.

Measures of classroom quality in prekindergarten and children's development of academic, language, and social skills

Individual Author: 
Mashburn, Andrew J.
Pianta, Robert C.
Hamre, Bridget K.
Downer, Jason T.
Barbarin, Oscar A.
Bryant, Donna
Burchinal, Margaret
Early, Diane M.
Howes, Carollee

This study examined development of academic, language, and social skills among 4-year-olds in publicly supported prekindergarten (pre-K) programs in relation to 3 methods of measuring pre-K quality, which are as follows: (a) adherence to 9 standards of quality related to program infrastructure and design, (b) observations of the overall quality of classroom environments, and (c) observations of teachers’ emotional and instructional interactions with children in classrooms. Participants were 2,439 children enrolled in 671 pre-K classrooms in 11 states.

The relationship of earnings and income to food stamp participation: A longitudinal analysis

Individual Author: 
Farrell, Mary
Fishman, Michael
Langley, Matthew
Stapleton, David

Monthly income and earnings of households that are eligible to participate in the Food Stamp Program (FSP), but that do not participate, vary substantially more than income and earnings of participant households. In particular, many nonparticipant households have had a short-term drop in income. Other nonparticipants, however, have had long-term low income and are often very disadvantaged.

The prevalence of lead-based paint hazards in U.S. housing

Individual Author: 
Jacobs, David E
Clickner, Robert P.
Zhou, Joey Y.
Viet, Susan M.
Marker, David A.
Rogers, John W.
Zeldin, Darryl C.
Broene, Pamela
Friedman, Warren

In this study we estimated the number of housing units in the United States with lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards. We included measurements of lead in intact and deteriorated paint, interior dust, and bare soil. A nationally representative, random sample of 831 housing units was evaluated in a survey between 1998 and 2000; the units and their occupants did not differ significantly from nationwide characteristics. Results indicate that 38 million housing units had lead-based paint, down from the 1990 estimate of 64 million.

Childhood lead poisoning: Solving a health and housing problem

Individual Author: 
Farr, Nick
Dolbeare, Cushing N.

Lead poisoning is the Nation’s number one children’s environmental health problem. Children are poisoned primarily by ingesting lead from household dust in older, low-rent housing. The best way to prevent this situation is to make housing in which young children live or are likely to live lead safe. The Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction and Financing Task Force recommended a set of lead-safe standards that would protect children and would be feasible for property owners.

Promoting language and literacy in young dual language learners: Research, practice, and policy

Individual Author: 
Castro, Dina C.
Páez, Mariela M.
Dickinson, David K.
Frede, Ellen

Research evidence supports the importance of a high-quality early education to foster young children's school readiness and success. In particular, programs that focus on eliminating the readiness gap for young minority children, including dual language learners (DLLs), have increased in importance given the current demographic shifts in the United States and the need to promote learning in the early years. This article discusses current knowledge about effective instructional strategies for promoting language and literacy development among young DLLs.

Children and the elderly: Wealth inequality among America’s dependents

Individual Author: 
Gibson-Davis, Christina M.
Percheski, Christine

Life cycle theory predicts that elderly households have higher levels of wealth than households with children, but these wealth gaps are likely dynamic, responding to changes in labor market conditions, patterns of debt accumulation, and the overall economic context. Using Survey of Consumer Finances data from 1989 through 2013, we compare wealth levels between and within the two groups that make up America’s dependents: the elderly and child households (households with a resident child aged 18 or younger).