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Bridging the opportunity divide for low-income youth: Implementation and early impacts of the Year Up program

Individual Author: 
Fein, David
Hamadyk, Jill

This report assesses the implementation and early impacts of Year Up, a national sectoral training program for young adults aged 18-24. Year Up aims to help low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete training leading to employment in high-demand, well-paying occupations.

Evaluation of Raising Adolescent Families Together program: A medical home for adolescent mothers and their children

Individual Author: 
Cox, Joanne E.
Buman, Mathew P.
Woods, Elizabeth R.
Famakinwa, Olatokunbo
Harris, Sion Kim

Objectives. This study described a medical home model for adolescent mothers and their children, and their 1- and 2-year preventive care, repeat pregnancy, and psychosocial outcomes.

Methods. In this prospective, single cohort demonstration project, adolescent mothers (14–18 years old) and their children received care in a medical home. Demographic, medical and social processes, and outcomes data were collected at enrollment through 24 months. Change over time and predictors of repeat pregnancy were analyzed.

The Pregnancy Assistance Fund: Launching programs to support expectant and parenting youth

Individual Author: 
Person, Ann E.
Clary, Elizabeth
Zief, Susan
Adamek, Katie
Caplan, Valerie
Worthington, Julie

This report is the first systematic description of the Pregnancy Assistance Fund (PAF) grant program’s efforts to support expectant and parenting youth. It examines early grant implementation among the 17 states and Indian tribes awarded PAF grants in 2013. The study team gathered and analyzed data from two sources: (1) a standardized review of grant applications, and (2) telephone interviews with administrators representing the 17 grantees.

Homelessness during pregnancy: A unique, time-dependent risk factor of birth outcomes

Individual Author: 
Cutts, Diana B.
Coleman, Sharon
Black, Maureen M.
Chilton, Mariana M.
Cook, John T.
Ettinger de Cuba, Stephanie
Heeren, Timothy C.
Meyers, Alan
Sandel, Megan
Casey, Patrick H.
Frank, Deborah A.

Evaluate homelessness during pregnancy as a unique, time-dependent risk factor for adverse birth outcomes. 9,995 mothers of children <48 months old surveyed at emergency departments and primary care clinics in five US cities. Mothers were classified as either homeless during pregnancy with the index child, homeless only after the index child’s birth, or consistently housed. Outcomes included birth weight as a continuous variable, as well as categorical outcomes of low birth weight (LBW; <2,500 g) and preterm delivery (<37 weeks).

Coming together for change: A qualitative study of social connectedness outcomes produced by the Love Your Block program

Individual Author: 
Bogle, Mary
Edmonds, Leiha
Gourevitch, Ruth

The Cities of Service Love Your Block (LYB) program connects mayor’s offices with community residents to revitalize their neighborhoods one block at a time. Cities of Service commissioned this study to better understand how the LYB program affects the social connectedness of the residents and communities involved in LYB mini-grant projects, as well as how social connectedness outcomes might relate to impact outcomes, such as public safety.

Substance use, the opioid epidemic, and the child welfare system: Key findings from a mixed methods study

Individual Author: 
Radel, Laura
Baldwin, Melinda
Crouse, Gilbert
Ghertner, Robin
Waters, Annette

This study examined the relationship between parental substance misuse and child welfare caseloads, which began rising in 2012 after more than a decade of decline. We examined county level variation in both phenomena and qualitative interviews documented the perspectives and experiences of local professionals in the child welfare agency, substance use disorder treatment programs, family courts, and other community partners in 11 communities across the country.

Limiting home visiting effects: Maternal depression as a moderator of child maltreatment

Individual Author: 
Easterbrooks, M. Ann
Bartlett, Jessica Dym
Goldberg, Jessica
Contreras, Mariah M.
Kotake, Chie
Chaudhuri, Jana H.
Jacobs, Francine H.
Raskin, Maryna

OBJECTIVE: To test, with a sample of adolescent mothers (16–20 at childbirth) and their first-born infants/toddlers (average age 1 year), whether the impact of a home visiting (HV) child maltreatment prevention program was moderated by maternal depression. METHODS: The study design was a randomized controlled trial of Healthy Families Massachusetts, a statewide child maltreatment prevention program. A total of 707 first-time mothers were randomly assigned to the HV or control group. The HV group received visits from paraprofessional home visitors.

Balancing safety and self-sufficiency: Lessons on serving victims of domestic violence for child support and public assistance agencies

Individual Author: 
Pearson, Jessica
Griswold, Esther Ann
Thoennes, Nancy

This article reports on three demonstration projects involving efforts to address the needs of public assistance applicants/recipients who are domestic violence victims while also developing effective methods to improve cooperation with child support agencies.

Mandate-based health reform and the labor market: Evidence from the Massachusetts reform

Individual Author: 
Kolstad, Jonathan T.
Kowalski, Amanda E.

We model the labor market impact of the key provisions of the national and Massachusetts "mandate-based" health reforms: individual mandates, employer mandates, and subsidies. We characterize the compensating differential for employer-sponsored health insurance (ESHI) and the welfare impact of reform in terms of "sufficient statistics." We compare welfare under mandate-based reform to welfare in a counterfactual world where individuals do not value ESHI.