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Skill, career, and wage mobility among refugees: Understanding refugee's transitions into higher-skill, higher-wage work as a lens to inform effective workforce development policies in the US

Individual Author: 
Bouris, Erica

This presentation draws on: 1) administrative program data collected from over 700 individuals participating in International Rescue Committee career programs (workforce development programs that are explicitly focused on supporting refugees – regardless of previous professional experience or educational background – to move into higher-skill, higher-wage jobs); 2) in-depth, semi-structured interviews with more than 40 refugees from nearly a dozen countries that have participated in International Rescue Committee career programs and; 3) interviews with nearly 20 program staff and key

Precision in measurement: Using state-level Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families administrative records and the Transfer Income Model (TRIM3) to evaluate poverty measurement

Individual Author: 
Shantz, Kathryn
Fox, Liana E.

Policy leaders look to quality data and statistics to help inform and guide programmatic decisions. As a result, assessing the quality and validity of major household surveys in capturing accurate program participation is essential. One method for evaluating survey quality is to compare self-reported program participation in surveys to administrative records from the program itself. In this paper, we are interested in understanding two issues.

An institutional analysis of American Job Centers: AJC service delivery in rural areas

Individual Author: 
Betesh, Hannah

To systematically document key characteristics and features of American Job Centers (AJCs), Mathematica and its partners—Social Policy Research Associates, The George Washington University, and Capital Research Corporation—conducted the Institutional Analysis of AJCs for the U.S. Department of Labor. This paper discusses key features and experiences of 12 AJCs that are located in rural areas. The research focuses on AJCs as the unit of service delivery, which is a narrower focus than prior studies of the rural workforce system as a whole.

Improving child care subsidy programs: Findings from the Work Support Strategies evaluation

Individual Author: 
Hahn, Heather
Rohacek, Monica
Isaacs, Julia

Child care subsidies are critical for the well-being of low-income families, including parents’ economic success and children’s development. To inform state efforts to simplify access to child care subsidies and improve service delivery, this report highlights steps taken and lessons learned by five states that participated in the Work Support Strategies initiative between 2012 and 2015. These states worked to improve child care subsidy access and retention, efficiency of service delivery, quality of client service, and alignment with other benefit programs.

Improving the efficiency of benefit delivery: Outcomes from six states

Individual Author: 
Katz, Michael

This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop summarizes the Work Support Strategies Initiative, an effort to improve families’ well-being by increasing enrollment in the full package of work supports. The Initiative also seeks to help states deliver benefits more effectively and efficiently and share lessons learned to inform state and federal policies.

Is subsidized childcare associated with lower risk of grade retention for low-income children?

Individual Author: 
Shattuck, Rachel M.

This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop discusses the likelihood of low-income children who received federal Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) - subsidized care in early childhood - being held back in school, from kindergarten onward. Additionally, this presentation explores whether this association is particularly pronounced for low-income Black and Hispanic children relative to low-income children from other race/ethnic groups.

Internet-based delivery of evidence-based health promotion programs among American Indian and Alaska Native youth: A case study

Individual Author: 
Markham, Christine M.
Rushing, Stephanie C.
Jessen, Cornelia
Gorman, Gwenda
Torres, Jennifer
Lambert, William E.
Prokhorov, Alexander V.
Miller, Leslie
Allums-Featherston, Kelly
Addy, Robert C.
Peskin, Melissa F.
Shegog, Ross

Background: American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth face multiple health challenges compared to other racial/ethnic groups, which could potentially be ameliorated by the dissemination of evidence-based adolescent health promotion programs. Previous studies have indicated that limited trained personnel, cultural barriers, and geographic isolation may hinder the reach and implementation of evidence-based health promotion programs among AI/AN youth.

Understanding the rates, causes, and costs of churning in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Final Report

Individual Author: 
Mills, Gregory
Vericker, Tracy
Lippold, Kye
Wheaton, Laura
Elkin, Sam
Koball, Heather

“Churning” in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is defined as when a household exits SNAP and then re-enters the program within 4 months. Churning is a policy concern due to the financial and administrative burden incurred by both SNAP households and State agencies that administer SNAP. This study explores the circumstances of churning in SNAP by determining the rates and patterns of churn, examining the causes of caseload churn, and calculating costs of churn to both participants and administering agencies in six States. (Author abstract)

Seeding change in rural and reservation communities: The study of Horizons

Individual Author: 
Nelson-Dusek, Stephanie

This is the story of Horizons, a major rural community leadership program undertaken by the Northwest Area Foundation to address poverty in rural areas. The goal of the program was to identify, prepare, and equip new leaders and help them take community action on poverty (Morehouse, 2010). In large part, Horizons succeeded. Many communities formed plans and common definitions of poverty, and new leaders helped expand communities’ existing capacity to pursue change.