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Dallas

Employer engagement by community-based organizations: Meeting the needs of job seekers with barriers to success in the labor market

Individual Author: 
Spaulding, Shayne
Blount, David

Employers need skilled workers to fill open jobs. Yet some workers face barriers to employment, even as the national unemployment rate dips to its lowest level in nearly two decades. These workers might face such challenges as a lack of skills, gaps in employment, or previous involvement in the criminal justice system.

Discrimination against families with children in rental housing markets: Findings of the pilot study

Individual Author: 
Aron, Laudan
Aranda, Claudia
Wissoker, Douglas
Howell, Brent
Santos, Robert
Scott, Molly
Turner, Margery Austin

This pilot study adapted a well-established paired-testing methodology to examine discrimination against families with children in the rental housing market, developed preliminary estimates of this form of discrimination, and explored what family or housing characteristics might affect it. Data were collected via telephone and in-person paired tests in three metropolitan sites: Dallas, Texas; Dayton, Ohio; and Los Angeles, California. The pilot study relied on a multifactor design using data from 612 matched pairs of rental applicants.

But do lower-wage jobs follow? Comparing wage-based outcomes of light rail transit to control corridors

Individual Author: 
Nelson, Arthur C.
Miller, Matt
Eskic, Dejan
Ganning, Joanna P.
Liu, Jenny H.
Ewing, Reid

Literature suggests that rail transit improvements should be associated with more jobs and perhaps increasing share of jobs in a metropolitan area. Literature and some research also suggest that such improvements should increase the number of lower-wage jobs accessible to transit. In this paper, we assess both in the context of all 11 light rail transit systems built in metropolitan areas of fewer than eight million residents in the nation since 1981.

Can public transport investment relieve spatial mismatch? Evidence from recent light rail extensions

Individual Author: 
Heilmann, Kilian

The spatial mismatch hypothesis of Kain explains urban poverty with the inability of the poor to reach fast-growing job opportunities in the suburbs, the so called reverse commuting. Public transport provision might be an effective tool to alleviate spatial mismatch, especially if it provides access to suburbs that were formerly only reachable by car. I propose to study the effect of light rail extension in the city of Dallas on the poor using both Census and geocoded individual-level data. (author abstract) 

The effect of housing choice voucher households on neighborhood crime: Longitudinal evidence from Dallas

Individual Author: 
Van Zandt, Shannon S.
Mhatre, Pratik C.

Tenant-based housing assistance is designed to provide access for low-income households to a wider range of housing options, de-concentrating poverty and reducing the exposure of these households to negative conditions. Yet an observed coincidence of crime and subsidized households indicates that something is going wrong. Either households are constrained in their choices and are settling in high-crime neighborhoods, or these households bring crime with them, using vouchers to penetrate otherwise low-crime neighborhoods.

Coordinating employment services across the TANF and WIA programs

Individual Author: 
Kirby, Gretchen
Lyskawa, Julia
Derr, Michelle
Brown, Elizabeth

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Workforce Investment Act (WIA) programs provide employment and training services to a targeted population of low-income individuals. The similarities between the TANF and WIA programs have generated interest in the coordination and integration of services across the two programs since their inception in the late 1990s. Nonetheless, it remains unclear how and to what degree the programs are coordinating at the state and local level.

Recent trends and innovative job search strategies for disadvantaged populations

Individual Author: 
Derr, Michelle K.

This presentation describes job search assistance strategies that TANF programs are using to help move families from TANF to employment. It is based on data collected during the Work Participation and TANF/WIA Coordination Study.

This presentation was given at the 2014 National Association of Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Annual Workshop.

A study of TANF work participation and engagement

Individual Author: 
Derr, Michelle
Laird, Elizabeth
Kirby, Gretchen
Lyskawa, Julia

This presentation describes a study to explore what factors influence client participation in work activities and what strategies states and localities have used to increase participation in work or work-related activities. Data was collected from site visits (11 communities), telephone interviews (30 TANF administrators), and document reviews (policy manuals, etc.).

This presentation was given at the 2013 National Association of Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Annual Workshop.

A study of TANF/WIA coordination

Individual Author: 
Lyskawa, Julia
Derr, Michelle
Laird, Elizabeth

This presentation describes a study examining coordination between TANF and WIA programs, including coordination strategies, supports, and limitations, based on site visits (11 communities) and documentation reviews (state TANF and WIA plans, etc.). 

This presentation was given at the 2013 National Association of Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Annual Workshop.

The Community Healthy Marriage Initiative evaluation: Impacts of a community approach to strengthening families technical report

Individual Author: 
Bir, Anupa
Lerman, Robert
Kofke-Egger, Heather
Nichols, Austin
Smith, Kevin

This report is a technical supplement to The Community Healthy Marriage Initiative Evaluation: Impacts of a Community Approach to Strengthening Families. It provides additional detail about the research design and analytic methods that were used in the impact analyses and additional supplemental analyses that explore other aspects of the demonstration. (author abstract)