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Results from the Post-Assistance Self-Sufficiency (PASS) program in Riverside, California: The Employment Retention and Advancement project

Individual Author: 
Navarro, David
van Dok, Mark
Hendra, Richard

Although much is known about how to help welfare recipients find jobs, little is known about how to help them and other low-wage workers keep jobs or advance in the labor market. This report presents an assessment of the implementation and effects at the two-year follow-up point of a program in Riverside County, California, that aimed to promote job retention and advancement among employed individuals who recently left the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, the cash welfare program that mainly serves single mothers and their children.

Poverty in California

Individual Author: 
Bohn, Sarah
Danielson, Caroline
Thorman, Tess

Despite improvements, the official poverty rate remains high. According to official poverty statistics, 14.3% of Californians lacked enough resources—about $24,300 per year for a family of four—to meet basic needs in 2016. The rate has declined significantly from 15.3% in 2015, but it is well above the most recent low of 12.4% in 2007. Moreover, the official poverty line does not account for California’s housing costs or other critical family expenses and resources. (Author excerpt)

The salience and severity of relationship problems among low-income couples

Individual Author: 
Jackson, Grace L.
Trail, Thomas E.
Kennedy, David P.
Williamson, Hannah C.
Bradbury, Thomas N.
Karney, Benjamin R.

Developing programs to support low-income married couples requires an accurate understanding of the challenges they face. To address this question, we assessed the salience and severity of relationship problems by asking 862 Black, White, and Latino newlywed spouses (N = 431 couples) living in low-income neighborhoods to (a) free list their 3 biggest sources of disagreement in the marriage, and (b) rate the severity of the problems appearing on a standard relationship problem inventory.

Evaluation of seven Second Chance Act Adult Demonstration Programs: Impact findings at 30 months

Individual Author: 
D’Amico, Ronald
Kim, Hui

This report describes the impacts of re-entry programs developed by seven grantees that were awarded funds under the Second Chance Act (SCA) Adult Demonstration Program to reduce recidivism by addressing the challenges faced by adults returning to their communities after incarceration. In estimating impacts, the evaluation used a randomized controlled trial, whereby 966 individuals eligible for SCA were randomly assigned to either a program group whose members could participate in individualized SCA services.

Bridging the opportunity divide for low-income youth: Implementation and early impacts of the Year Up program

Individual Author: 
Fein, David
Hamadyk, Jill

This report assesses the implementation and early impacts of Year Up, a national sectoral training program for young adults aged 18-24. Year Up aims to help low-income, low-skilled adults access and complete training leading to employment in high-demand, well-paying occupations.

The social and economic effects of wage violations: Estimates for California and New York

Individual Author: 
Eastern Research Group, Inc.

This report summarizes the results of Eastern Research Group, Inc. (ERG)'s project to estimate the social and economic effects of minimum wage violations in California and New York. This project represented an exploratory effort to determine the appropriate approach and data to use to estimate the impacts of state and federal minimum wage and overtime pay violations; however, data limitations related to overtime pay violations required us to focus only on minimum wage violations.

Employment pathways for boys and young men of color: Solutions and strategies that can make a difference

Individual Author: 
Bird, Kisha
Okoh, Clarence

Employment is an important part of youth development and the successful progression into young adulthood. Young people learn important communication and social skills, and are also exposed to careers, workplace culture, and opportunities to hone problem-solving and interpersonal skills. Research reinforces the importance of early work experience, especially for poor and low-income youth. Youth employment strategies, including summer jobs, paid internships, and year-round subsidized work experiences, can be linked to a broader approach to address poverty.

The relationship of preschool child-care quality to children's cognitive and social developmental trajectories through second grade

Individual Author: 
Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen S.
Burchinal, Margaret R.
Clifford, Richard M.
Culkin, Mary L.
Howes, Carollee
Kagan, Sharon Lynn
Yazejian, Noreen

The cognitive and socioemotional development of 733 children was examined longitudinally from ages 4 to 8 years as a function of the quality of their preschool experiences in community child-care centers, after adjusting for family selection factors related to child-care quality and development. These results provide evidence that child-care quality has a modest long-term effect on children's patterns of cognitive and socioemotional development at least through kindergarten, and in some cases, through second grade.

The Pregnancy Assistance Fund: Launching programs to support expectant and parenting youth

Individual Author: 
Person, Ann E.
Clary, Elizabeth
Zief, Susan
Adamek, Katie
Caplan, Valerie
Worthington, Julie

This report is the first systematic description of the Pregnancy Assistance Fund (PAF) grant program’s efforts to support expectant and parenting youth. It examines early grant implementation among the 17 states and Indian tribes awarded PAF grants in 2013. The study team gathered and analyzed data from two sources: (1) a standardized review of grant applications, and (2) telephone interviews with administrators representing the 17 grantees.