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The relationship of preschool child-care quality to children's cognitive and social developmental trajectories through second grade

Individual Author: 
Peisner-Feinberg, Ellen S.
Burchinal, Margaret R.
Clifford, Richard M.
Culkin, Mary L.
Howes, Carollee
Kagan, Sharon Lynn
Yazejian, Noreen

The cognitive and socioemotional development of 733 children was examined longitudinally from ages 4 to 8 years as a function of the quality of their preschool experiences in community child-care centers, after adjusting for family selection factors related to child-care quality and development. These results provide evidence that child-care quality has a modest long-term effect on children's patterns of cognitive and socioemotional development at least through kindergarten, and in some cases, through second grade.

Testing strategies to increase saving and retention in Individual Development Account programs

Individual Author: 
Loibl, Cäzilia
Jones, Lauren
Haisley, Emily
Loewenstein, George

In a series of field experiments we test whether saving and retention rates in a federally funded, matched savings program for low-income families – the Individual Development Account (IDA) program – can be improved through the introduction of program features inspired by behavioral economics. We partnered with eight IDA programs across the U.S. who agreed to randomly assign participants to different experimental conditions.

The effects of subsidized and transitional employment programs on noneconomic well-being

Individual Author: 
Williams, Sonya
Hendra, Richard

Programs designed to help disadvantaged workers improve their labor-market prospects may have effects beyond improvements in employment rates and income. One possible supplementary effect is improvements in subjective well-being, or how participants feel about their current life situations.

HUD Section 811 PRA program case studies

Individual Author: 
Northrop, Rebecca
Jones, Christopher
Laluces, Dalton
Green, La Tonya
Crumel, Kenya
Vandawalker, Melissa
Henry, Meghan
Solari, Claudia D.
Locke, Gretchen
Khadduri, Jill

The Frank Melville Supportive Housing Investment Act of 2010 introduced significant reforms to the Section 811 supportive housing for non-elderly adults with disabilities, including the new Section 811 Project Rental Assistance (PRA) Program and a mandated evaluation of its implementation and effectiveness. The Phase I is an implementation evaluation focused on the initial 18 months (Jan 2015-June 2016) of program implementation by the first 12 grantees funded through the Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 grant competition.

Evaluation of the Ready to Work Partnership grant program: Findings from the implementation study of four training programs for long-term unemployed workers

Individual Author: 
Martinson, Karin
Copson, Elizabeth
Schneider, Glen
Elkin, Sam
Sarfo, Bright
Kappil, Tresa
Ma, Claire
Morrison, Carly
Nakas, Audra

A key challenge facing policymakers and program administrators is how to develop effective strategies to help Americans facing economic challenges, particularly the long-term unemployed, to succeed in the labor market. During the deep recession of 2008-2009, an unprecedented number of workers lost their jobs and many remained under- or unemployed, even as the economy recovered.

Discrimination against families with children in rental housing markets: Findings of the pilot study

Individual Author: 
Aron, Laudan
Aranda, Claudia
Wissoker, Douglas
Howell, Brent
Santos, Robert
Scott, Molly
Turner, Margery Austin

This pilot study adapted a well-established paired-testing methodology to examine discrimination against families with children in the rental housing market, developed preliminary estimates of this form of discrimination, and explored what family or housing characteristics might affect it. Data were collected via telephone and in-person paired tests in three metropolitan sites: Dallas, Texas; Dayton, Ohio; and Los Angeles, California. The pilot study relied on a multifactor design using data from 612 matched pairs of rental applicants.

Maternal mental health disorders and reports to child protective services: A birth cohort study

Individual Author: 
Hammond, Ivy
Eastman, Andrea Lane
Leventhal, John M.
Putnam-Hornstein, Emily

Background. Existing literature has documented a strong relationship between parental mental illness and child maltreatment, but little is known about the prevalence of mental illness among childbearing women. In the present study, linked administrative records were used to identify the prevalence of maternal mental health (MH) disorders documented at birth and determine the associated likelihood of maltreatment reports during infancy. Materials and Methods.

Prenatal substance exposure diagnosed at birth and infant involvement with child protective services

Individual Author: 
Prindle, John J.
Hammond, Ivy
Putnam-Hornstein, Emily

Infants have the highest rates of maltreatment reporting and entries to foster care. Prenatal substance exposure is thought to contribute to early involvement with child protective services (CPS), yet there have been limited data with which to examine this relationship or variations by substance type. Using linked birth, hospital discharge, and CPS records from California, we estimated the population prevalence of medically diagnosed substance exposure and neonatal withdrawal disorders at birth.

Ethnoracial inequality and insurance coverage among Latino young adults

Individual Author: 
Terriquez, Veronica
Joseph, Tiffany D.

Previous research has demonstrated that Latino young adults are uninsured at higher rates relative to other ethnoracial groups. Recent implementation of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased access to health insurance for young adults, in part by maintaining health coverage through their parents until age 26. This paper examines patterns of Latino young adults' insurance coverage during early ACA implementation by addressing three questions: 1) To what extent do Latino young adults remain uninsured relative to their peers of other ethnoracial groups?