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Tribal solutions: Subsidized employment programs serving American Indians and Alaska Natives

Individual Author: 
Glosser, Asaph
Ellis, Emily

People served by public assistance programs such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) often have difficulty finding jobs in the competitive labor market. This report describes the ways in which eight TANF programs primarily serving American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) families use subsidized employment. Subsidized employment programs rely on public funds to subsidize the wages that employers pay when they provide jobs to individuals who cannot find them in the competitive labor market.

Evaluating the challenges to self-sufficiency faced by Tribal TANF clients in Alaska

Individual Author: 
Driscoll, David
Dotterrer, Bruce
Johnson, Janet
Reilly, Katie
Shimer, Sarah
Mitchell, Erica
Szafran, Quenna

This study is an inquiry into the characteristics of the Tribal TANF recipient population, and explores the barriers recipients are facing in achieving self-sufficiency. Three sources of data are used in this analysis: Tribal TANF client population data, survey results of Tribal TANF recipients, and results of in-depth interviews with Tribal TANF case managers. (Edited author executive summary)

Reducing disparities in adolescent pregnancy among US tribal youths

Individual Author: 
King Bowes, Kendra
Burrus, Barri B.
Axelson, Sarah
Garrido, Milagros
Kimbriel, Adriana
Abramson, Lisa
Gorman, Gwenda
Dancer, Angela
White, Terrill
Beaudry, PJ

Systemic inequities, including a lack of culturally appropriate sexual health education, put American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents at higher-than-average risk for adverse sexual and reproductive health outcomes. For example, in 2013, the birth rate among AI/AN adolescents aged 15 to 19 years was 31.1 per 1000 individuals, compared with 18.6 for White adolescents. AI/AN youths report earlier onset of sexual activity and greater numbers of sexual partners than do youths in general.

Migration and housing price effects of place-based college scholarships

Individual Author: 
Bartik, Timothy J.
Sotherland, Nathan

Place-based college scholarships, such as the Kalamazoo Promise, provide students who live in a particular place, and/or who attend a particular school district, with generous college scholarships. An important potential benefit from such “Promise programs” is their short-term effects on local economic development. Generous Promise scholarships provide an incentive for families to locate in a particular place, which may change migration patterns, and potentially boost local employment and housing prices.

Relationship between adverse childhood experiences and unemployment among adults from five U.S. States

Individual Author: 
Liu, Yong
Croft, Janet B.
Perry, Geraldine S.
Greenlund, Kurt J.
Zhao, Guixiang
Edwards, Valerie J.
Chapman, Daniel P.

Purpose: Our study assesses the relationships between self-reported adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) (including sexual, physical, or verbal abuse, along with household dysfunction including parental separation or divorce, domestic violence, mental illness, substance abuse, or incarcerated household member) and unemployment status in five US states in 2009. Methods: We examined these relationships using the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey data from 17,469 respondents (aged 18–64 years) who resided in five states, completed the ACE

Internet-based delivery of evidence-based health promotion programs among American Indian and Alaska Native youth: A case study

Individual Author: 
Markham, Christine M.
Rushing, Stephanie C.
Jessen, Cornelia
Gorman, Gwenda
Torres, Jennifer
Lambert, William E.
Prokhorov, Alexander V.
Miller, Leslie
Allums-Featherston, Kelly
Addy, Robert C.
Peskin, Melissa F.
Shegog, Ross

Background: American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth face multiple health challenges compared to other racial/ethnic groups, which could potentially be ameliorated by the dissemination of evidence-based adolescent health promotion programs. Previous studies have indicated that limited trained personnel, cultural barriers, and geographic isolation may hinder the reach and implementation of evidence-based health promotion programs among AI/AN youth.

Housing needs of American Indians and Alaska Natives in tribal areas: A report from the assessment of American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian housing needs

Individual Author: 
Pindus, Nancy
Kingsley, G. Thomas
Biess, Jennifer
Levy, Diane
Simington, Jasmine
Hayes, Christopher

The centerpiece of the assessment of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) housing conditions is the first ever national survey of American Indian and Alaska Native households in tribal areas. This survey sampled 1,340 AIAN households from 38 tribal areas and achieved a response rate of 60 percent. The survey offers information not available in existing census data sources, including estimates of electrical and heating problems, physical conditions problems, and the extent of "doubling up" among AIAN households in tribal areas.

Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) evaluation: Final report

Individual Author: 
Meit, Michael
Hafford, Carol
Fromknecht, Catharine
Knudson, Alana
Gilbert, Tess
Miesfeld, Noelle

This report presents key findings from the evaluation of the first round of the Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Program. These findings show that all five of the Tribal HPOG grantees established programs that led to healthcare training completion and employment. The report includes findings on programs' structures, processes, outcomes, and insights related to these findings. The evaluation team worked to conduct a culturally responsive evaluation by receiving input from partners, advisors, and grantees throughout the evaluation. (author abstract)

Study of coordination of tribal TANF and child welfare services: Final report

Individual Author: 
Ahonen, Pirkko
Buckless, Brandie
Keating, Kim
Keene, Kirsten
Morales, Julie
Park, Chi Connie

This report details 14 tribes and tribal organizations’ implementation of service coordination efforts across Tribal TANF and child welfare services. It describes the tribes and tribal organizations, explores their journeys to strengthen tribal families, identifies project facilitators and challenges, and shares lessons learned.

Higher education and workforce development in tribal communities and the role of tribal HPOG

Individual Author: 
Meit, Michael
Meyer, Katherine
Gilbert, Tess
Alfaro, Jennie
Levintow, Sara
Hafford, Carol
Knudson, Alana
Hernandez, Aleena
Carino, Theresa

This practice brief is part of a series being developed by the Tribal HPOG evaluation team, comprised of NORC at the University of Chicago, Red Star Innovations and the National Indian Health Board (NIHB). The briefs will be used to disseminate important lessons learned and findings from the Evaluation of the Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) program, which is sponsored by the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF).