This report presents estimates of the prevalence of poverty in the United States, overall and for selected demographic groups, for the official and Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) measures. Comparing the two measures sheds light on the effects of in-kind benefits, taxes, and other nondiscretionary expenses on measured economic well-being. The composition of the poverty populations using the two measures is examined across subgroups to better understand the incidence and receipt of benefits and taxes. Effects of benefits and expenses on SPM rates are explicitly examined. The distribution of income-to poverty threshold ratios are estimated and compared for the two measures. Finally, SPM estimates for 2009 are compared to the 2010 figures to assess changes in poverty rates from the previous year. (author abstract)
The research Supplemental Poverty Measure: 2010
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