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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Schirm, Allen; Stuart, Elizabeth; McKie, Allison
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2006

    From 1995 to 2001, the U.S. Department of Labor and the Ford Foundation ran a demonstration of the Quantum Opportunity Program (QOP), mainly an after-school program that also began offering intensive and comprehensive services to at-risk youth when they entered ninth grade. QOP’s goals were to increase rates of high school graduation and enrollment in postsecondary education or training; secondary goals included improving high school grades and achievement test scores and reducing risky behaviors, such as substance abuse, crime, and teen parenting. This final report from Mathematica's random assignment evaluation presents impacts on outcomes measured when most sample members were 22 to 25 years old. Overall, QOP did not achieve its primary or secondary objectives, but the lack of overall impacts masks some suggestive evidence of promising effects for some sites and subgroups. (author abstract)

    From 1995 to 2001, the U.S. Department of Labor and the Ford Foundation ran a demonstration of the Quantum Opportunity Program (QOP), mainly an after-school program that also began offering intensive and comprehensive services to at-risk youth when they entered ninth grade. QOP’s goals were to increase rates of high school graduation and enrollment in postsecondary education or training; secondary goals included improving high school grades and achievement test scores and reducing risky behaviors, such as substance abuse, crime, and teen parenting. This final report from Mathematica's random assignment evaluation presents impacts on outcomes measured when most sample members were 22 to 25 years old. Overall, QOP did not achieve its primary or secondary objectives, but the lack of overall impacts masks some suggestive evidence of promising effects for some sites and subgroups. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Beimers, David; Fischer, Robert L.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2007

    The passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 by the U.S. Congress required welfare recipients to quickly move into the workforce. Employment services agencies perform a key role in this process by providing welfare recipients with work readiness and job search skills. This article reviews the findings of an empirical study of the experiences and employment outcomes of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients referred to contracted employment services agencies. The study involves a random-sample survey of 151 TANF recipients in a large, urban, north-central county. The findings suggest that generic work readiness activities may be of limited utility unless they include job leads to actual employment opportunities. The article concludes with a discussion of critical issues for practitioners. (author abstract)

    The passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 by the U.S. Congress required welfare recipients to quickly move into the workforce. Employment services agencies perform a key role in this process by providing welfare recipients with work readiness and job search skills. This article reviews the findings of an empirical study of the experiences and employment outcomes of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients referred to contracted employment services agencies. The study involves a random-sample survey of 151 TANF recipients in a large, urban, north-central county. The findings suggest that generic work readiness activities may be of limited utility unless they include job leads to actual employment opportunities. The article concludes with a discussion of critical issues for practitioners. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Jastrzab, JoAnn; Rappaport, Catherine Dun
    Reference Type:
    Year: 2003

    NASCC is conducting this study to learn how best to develop and implement community service programs that facilitate the employment and post-placement support of TANF-eligible and other low-income young adults. This study is not a traditional evaluation in that it is more concerned with identifying promising practices than with assessing the performance of specific welfare-to-work programs. By identifying promising practices and sharing them with corps across the country, NASCC will be able more effectively to support corps staff as they develop programs for low-income youth and will make an important contribution to the youth employment and development field.

    In November 2002, NASCC contracted with Abt Associates, a nationally recognized public policy research firm, to conduct this “promising practices assessment.” This study addresses these three research questions: 1. How was the WtW Project implemented? 2. What were key WtW Project outcomes? 3. What are promising practices in helping economically disadvantaged youth to obtain academic, life, and job skills and to...

    NASCC is conducting this study to learn how best to develop and implement community service programs that facilitate the employment and post-placement support of TANF-eligible and other low-income young adults. This study is not a traditional evaluation in that it is more concerned with identifying promising practices than with assessing the performance of specific welfare-to-work programs. By identifying promising practices and sharing them with corps across the country, NASCC will be able more effectively to support corps staff as they develop programs for low-income youth and will make an important contribution to the youth employment and development field.

    In November 2002, NASCC contracted with Abt Associates, a nationally recognized public policy research firm, to conduct this “promising practices assessment.” This study addresses these three research questions: 1. How was the WtW Project implemented? 2. What were key WtW Project outcomes? 3. What are promising practices in helping economically disadvantaged youth to obtain academic, life, and job skills and to transition into employment?

    To address these research questions, Abt Associates engaged in several tasks. First, we conducted in-depth case studies of all seven corps that both completed the WtW Project and remained in operation through January 2003. Conducting these case studies entailed interviewing program staff and program participants, touring project sites, and reviewing key project documents. Abt Associates also interviewed NASCC’s President and Director of the Welfare to Work Project and conducted a focus group with Corps Program Directors at the NASCC Annual Meeting in February 2003. In addition, we reviewed data that NASCC and DOL collected regarding individual corps’ performance in the Project. (Specifically, we assessed outcome data that illustrated corps’ success in enrolling and placing WtW corps members and in helping them to remain employed for at least six months.) Finally, we conducted a literature review regarding effective strategies for helping TANF-eligible youth advance their education and transition out of poverty and into employment. (author summary)

  • Individual Author: Hendra, Rick
    Reference Type: Conference Paper
    Year: 2015

    This powerpoint presentation from the 2015 NAWRS conference describes an implementation study of an employment retention and advancement program based in three cities.

    This powerpoint presentation from the 2015 NAWRS conference describes an implementation study of an employment retention and advancement program based in three cities.

  • Individual Author: Darby, Derrick; Saatcioglu, Argun
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2015

    Both neoliberals and liberals call for mitigating inequality of educational opportunity stemming from circumstances beyond an individual’s control. In this article, we challenge the wisdom of making equality of opportunity hinge on emphasizing the distinction rather than the relationship between choices and circumstances. We utilize an empirical analysis focusing on the extent to which certain circumstances beyond the control of low-income urban Black adults (e.g. poverty and community instability) limit their eventual chances for maintaining traditional two-parent households, which in turn limits their capacity to make effective choices instrumental in improving the educational prospects of their children. We conclude from this that collectively bearing the burden of attending to differences in the quality of circumstances – in which these voluntary choices are made by poor urban Black parents – is something that we owe to each other whether we are neoliberals or liberals if we share a common normative commitment to equality of opportunity. (author abstract)

    Both neoliberals and liberals call for mitigating inequality of educational opportunity stemming from circumstances beyond an individual’s control. In this article, we challenge the wisdom of making equality of opportunity hinge on emphasizing the distinction rather than the relationship between choices and circumstances. We utilize an empirical analysis focusing on the extent to which certain circumstances beyond the control of low-income urban Black adults (e.g. poverty and community instability) limit their eventual chances for maintaining traditional two-parent households, which in turn limits their capacity to make effective choices instrumental in improving the educational prospects of their children. We conclude from this that collectively bearing the burden of attending to differences in the quality of circumstances – in which these voluntary choices are made by poor urban Black parents – is something that we owe to each other whether we are neoliberals or liberals if we share a common normative commitment to equality of opportunity. (author abstract)

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