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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Solomon-Fears, Carmen; Falk, Gene; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
    Year: 2013

    This report displays and discusses some of the data related to the poverty of children and their living arrangements and data on male employment and earnings, educational attainment, and incarceration. It then provides information on federal programs that could play a greater role in addressing poverty of children through the fathers of these children (nearly all noncustodial parents are fathers). These programs provide economic assistance, family support, and job training and employment to eligible participants. The report also examines federal programs that have the purposes of preventing teen pregnancy and helping disadvantaged youth obtain the skills and support they need to make the transition to adulthood. The underlying premise of these programs generally is that the aid or services received from these programs by low-income noncustodial fathers can help them in meeting their financial commitments to their children (or future children) and providing emotional support to their children. The report concludes by presenting several public policy approaches proposed by the...

    This report displays and discusses some of the data related to the poverty of children and their living arrangements and data on male employment and earnings, educational attainment, and incarceration. It then provides information on federal programs that could play a greater role in addressing poverty of children through the fathers of these children (nearly all noncustodial parents are fathers). These programs provide economic assistance, family support, and job training and employment to eligible participants. The report also examines federal programs that have the purposes of preventing teen pregnancy and helping disadvantaged youth obtain the skills and support they need to make the transition to adulthood. The underlying premise of these programs generally is that the aid or services received from these programs by low-income noncustodial fathers can help them in meeting their financial commitments to their children (or future children) and providing emotional support to their children. The report concludes by presenting several public policy approaches proposed by the policy community that might improve the lives of low-income noncustodial fathers and their children. For example, social policy could play a role by expanding economic assistance programs to noncustodial fathers, such as the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP); and implementing strategies to prevent the build-up of unpaid child support through early intervention. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Sugie, Naomi F.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2012

    The United States criminal justice and welfare systems are two important government institutions in the lives of the poor. Despite many theoretical discussions about their relationship, their operation at the level of offenders and families remains poorly understood. This paper utilizes Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing data to examine how recent paternal incarceration is associated with families' receipt of TANF, food stamps, and Medicaid/SCHIP. Results robust to multiple tests find that incarceration is not related to subsequent TANF receipt but is significantly associated with increased receipt of food stamps and Medicaid/SCHIP. The findings suggest that greater government involvement among poor families is an unexpected consequence of mass imprisonment; however, increased participation does not include TANF – the cash assistance program of most concern to theorists. (author abstract)

    The United States criminal justice and welfare systems are two important government institutions in the lives of the poor. Despite many theoretical discussions about their relationship, their operation at the level of offenders and families remains poorly understood. This paper utilizes Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing data to examine how recent paternal incarceration is associated with families' receipt of TANF, food stamps, and Medicaid/SCHIP. Results robust to multiple tests find that incarceration is not related to subsequent TANF receipt but is significantly associated with increased receipt of food stamps and Medicaid/SCHIP. The findings suggest that greater government involvement among poor families is an unexpected consequence of mass imprisonment; however, increased participation does not include TANF – the cash assistance program of most concern to theorists. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Nanda, Neha; Garasky, Steven; Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Miller, Daniel
    Reference Type: Conference Paper
    Year: 2013

    This presentation describes a non-experimental study of the effects of different types of nonresident father involvement on child food security and whether the presence of a stepfather effects child food security.  The findings suggested that nonresident father involvement, particularly child support dollars, had a positive effect on child food security and stepfather presence (mother's remarriage) also had a positive effect.

    This presentation was given at the 2013 National Association of Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Annual Workshop.

    This presentation describes a non-experimental study of the effects of different types of nonresident father involvement on child food security and whether the presence of a stepfather effects child food security.  The findings suggested that nonresident father involvement, particularly child support dollars, had a positive effect on child food security and stepfather presence (mother's remarriage) also had a positive effect.

    This presentation was given at the 2013 National Association of Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Annual Workshop.

  • Individual Author: Garasky, Steven; Stewart, Susan D.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2007

    Over six million children who reside with a single mother and have a father who lives elsewhere are food insecure. This study examines the effectiveness of two aspects of nonresident father involvement, in-person visitation and financial contributions, in reducing food acquisition problems using data from the National Survey of America’s Families. We find that frequent visits by nonresident fathers are related to a reduced likelihood that the resident mother’s household will experience indicators of food insecurity. The effects of child support receipt on reducing food acquisition problems, however, are less consistent. Our results support policies designed to recognize and encourage nonresidential parents to make both monetary and nonmonetary contributions to the lives of their children. (author abstract)

     

    Over six million children who reside with a single mother and have a father who lives elsewhere are food insecure. This study examines the effectiveness of two aspects of nonresident father involvement, in-person visitation and financial contributions, in reducing food acquisition problems using data from the National Survey of America’s Families. We find that frequent visits by nonresident fathers are related to a reduced likelihood that the resident mother’s household will experience indicators of food insecurity. The effects of child support receipt on reducing food acquisition problems, however, are less consistent. Our results support policies designed to recognize and encourage nonresidential parents to make both monetary and nonmonetary contributions to the lives of their children. (author abstract)

     

  • Individual Author: Nepomnyaschy, Lenna; Miller, Daniel P.; Garasky, Steven; Nanda, Neha
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2014

    More than 1 in 10 children in the United States experience food insecurity, and children in single-mother families are at greatest risk. We examine the associations of nonresident father involvement and child food insecurity using two nationally representative panel data sets of children in early and middle childhood. Nonresident father involvement, based on a comprehensive index, is associated with lower food insecurity in both early and middle childhood, and this is robust to different model specifications. Fathers’ provision of in-kind support is a particularly salient indicator of involvement for both groups of children. We find some evidence that irregular cash support, compared to no support, increases food insecurity for children in middle childhood. These results add to mounting evidence that nonresident father involvement outside of the formal child support system positively affects children and must be considered in policy discussions related to child support, child poverty, and child well-being. (author abstract)

    More than 1 in 10 children in the United States experience food insecurity, and children in single-mother families are at greatest risk. We examine the associations of nonresident father involvement and child food insecurity using two nationally representative panel data sets of children in early and middle childhood. Nonresident father involvement, based on a comprehensive index, is associated with lower food insecurity in both early and middle childhood, and this is robust to different model specifications. Fathers’ provision of in-kind support is a particularly salient indicator of involvement for both groups of children. We find some evidence that irregular cash support, compared to no support, increases food insecurity for children in middle childhood. These results add to mounting evidence that nonresident father involvement outside of the formal child support system positively affects children and must be considered in policy discussions related to child support, child poverty, and child well-being. (author abstract)

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