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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Leftin, Joshua
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2011

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) helps low-income individuals purchase food so they can obtain a nutritious diet. One important measure of the program’s performance is its ability to reach its target population. A SNAP participation rate is defined as the number of participating SNAP households divided by the number of SNAP-eligible households. Historically, SNAP households with elderly individuals (age 60 or older) have participated in the program at lower rates than other SNAP households. For example, in FY 2009 the SNAP participation rate for households with elderly individuals is an estimated 20 percentage points below the rate for all households. The difference between participation rates for elderly individuals and all individuals is wider. Despite recent efforts by policymakers throughout the 2000s to expand and target outreach efforts to elderly households, the elderly participation rate remained low in 2008 (Leftin 2010).

    In this report, our objectives are as follows:

    • Obtain more detailed descriptive data about elderly participant and...

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) helps low-income individuals purchase food so they can obtain a nutritious diet. One important measure of the program’s performance is its ability to reach its target population. A SNAP participation rate is defined as the number of participating SNAP households divided by the number of SNAP-eligible households. Historically, SNAP households with elderly individuals (age 60 or older) have participated in the program at lower rates than other SNAP households. For example, in FY 2009 the SNAP participation rate for households with elderly individuals is an estimated 20 percentage points below the rate for all households. The difference between participation rates for elderly individuals and all individuals is wider. Despite recent efforts by policymakers throughout the 2000s to expand and target outreach efforts to elderly households, the elderly participation rate remained low in 2008 (Leftin 2010).

    In this report, our objectives are as follows:

    • Obtain more detailed descriptive data about elderly participant and nonparticipant subgroups in order to understand some distinguishing characteristics of these subgroups. In particular, explore the potential overlap of eligible elderly subgroups and those participating in other programs (e.g., Medicare Part D) as a strategy for locating large numbers of eligible nonparticipants.

    • Prepare findings on elderly SNAP participation using various data files, and evaluate the strengths and limitations of these data files.

    • Evaluate reliance on less precise measures of elderly household eligibility. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Ziliak, James P.; Gundersen, Craig
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2012

    This study is the first in a series of annual reports on the state of senior hunger in the United States. In the report we provide an overview of the extent and distribution of food insecurity in 2010, along with trends over the past decade using national and state-level data from the December Supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS). Based on the full set of 18 questions in the Core Food Security Module (CFSM), the module used by the USDA to establish the official food insecurity rates of households in the United States, our emphasis here is on quantifying the senior population facing the threat of hunger (i.e. marginally food insecure). A supplement to this report also presents evidence on seniors at risk of hunger (i.e. food insecure) and on seniors facing hunger (i.e. very low food secure).

    The Great Recession has caused extreme hardship on many families in the United States, and senior Americans are no exception. Based on the barometer of food insecurity, this report demonstrates that our seniors may face more challenges than initially thought. Unlike the...

    This study is the first in a series of annual reports on the state of senior hunger in the United States. In the report we provide an overview of the extent and distribution of food insecurity in 2010, along with trends over the past decade using national and state-level data from the December Supplements to the Current Population Survey (CPS). Based on the full set of 18 questions in the Core Food Security Module (CFSM), the module used by the USDA to establish the official food insecurity rates of households in the United States, our emphasis here is on quantifying the senior population facing the threat of hunger (i.e. marginally food insecure). A supplement to this report also presents evidence on seniors at risk of hunger (i.e. food insecure) and on seniors facing hunger (i.e. very low food secure).

    The Great Recession has caused extreme hardship on many families in the United States, and senior Americans are no exception. Based on the barometer of food insecurity, this report demonstrates that our seniors may face more challenges than initially thought. Unlike the population as a whole, food insecurity among those age 60 and older actually increased between 2009 and 2010. These increases were most pronounced among the near poor, whites, widows, non-metro residents, the retired, women, and among households with no grandchildren present.

    Specifically, in 2010 we find that:

    -14.85% of seniors, or more than 1 in 7, face the threat of hunger. This translates into 8.3 million seniors. In contrast, in Ziliak, et al. (2008) we reported that as of 2005 1 in 9 seniors faced the threat of hunger.

    -Those living in states in the South and Southwest, those who are racial or ethnic minorities, those with lower incomes, and those who are younger (ages 60-69) are most likely to be threatened by hunger.

    -Out of those seniors who face the threat of hunger, the majority have incomes above the poverty line and are white.

    -From 2001 to 2010, the number of seniors experiencing the threat of hunger has increased by 78%. Since the onset of the recession in 2007 to 2010, the number of seniors experiencing the threat of hunger has increased by 34%.
    (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Eslami, Esa; Filion, Kai; Strayer, Mark
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2011

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report describes the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide in fiscal year 2010 (October 2009 through September 2010). It also presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels in fiscal year 2010. The appendices provide detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, as well as a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report describes the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide in fiscal year 2010 (October 2009 through September 2010). It also presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels in fiscal year 2010. The appendices provide detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, as well as a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Leftin, Joshua; Gothro, Andrew; Eslami, Esa
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2010

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report describes the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide in fiscal year 2009. It also presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels in fiscal year 2009 (October 2008 through September 2009), including mid-year changes resulting from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). The appendices include detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, as well as a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report describes the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide in fiscal year 2009. It also presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels in fiscal year 2009 (October 2008 through September 2009), including mid-year changes resulting from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). The appendices include detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, as well as a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Wolkwitz, Kari; Trippe, Carole
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2009

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels, as well as the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide, in fiscal year 2008 (October 2007 to September 2008). The appendices include detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, and a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels, as well as the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide, in fiscal year 2008 (October 2007 to September 2008). The appendices include detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, and a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

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