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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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The SSRC Library includes resources which may be available only via journal subscription. The SSRC may be able to provide users without subscription access to a particular journal with a single use copy of the full text.  Please email the SSRC with your request.

The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Eslami, Esa; Filion, Kai; Strayer, Mark
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2011

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report describes the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide in fiscal year 2010 (October 2009 through September 2010). It also presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels in fiscal year 2010. The appendices provide detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, as well as a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report describes the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide in fiscal year 2010 (October 2009 through September 2010). It also presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels in fiscal year 2010. The appendices provide detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, as well as a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Leftin, Joshua; Gothro, Andrew; Eslami, Esa
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2010

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report describes the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide in fiscal year 2009. It also presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels in fiscal year 2009 (October 2008 through September 2009), including mid-year changes resulting from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). The appendices include detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, as well as a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report describes the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide in fiscal year 2009. It also presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels in fiscal year 2009 (October 2008 through September 2009), including mid-year changes resulting from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). The appendices include detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, as well as a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Wolkwitz, Kari; Trippe, Carole
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2009

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels, as well as the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide, in fiscal year 2008 (October 2007 to September 2008). The appendices include detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, and a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet. SNAP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report presents an overview of SNAP eligibility requirements and benefit levels, as well as the characteristics of SNAP households and participants nationwide, in fiscal year 2008 (October 2007 to September 2008). The appendices include detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, and a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Rosenbaum, Dottie
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2012

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP — formerly the Food Stamp Program) is the cornerstone of the nation’s safety net and nutrition assistance programs.  It currently provides about 46 million participants in about 22 million low-income households with debit cards they can use to purchase food each month.  Because eligibility generally is not restricted to specific subgroups of people, SNAP serves a wide range of low-income households, including families with children, elderly people, and people with disabilities.  Participants include families with adults who work in low-wage jobs, unemployed workers, and people with fixed incomes, such as Social Security.  About 75 percent of SNAP recipients live in households with children; more than one-quarter live in households with seniors or people with disabilities.

    In recent years SNAP has achieved impressive results in meeting the needs of low-income Americans while maintaining strong program integrity and payment accuracy.

    SNAP has responded effectively to the recession.  SNAP caseloads...

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP — formerly the Food Stamp Program) is the cornerstone of the nation’s safety net and nutrition assistance programs.  It currently provides about 46 million participants in about 22 million low-income households with debit cards they can use to purchase food each month.  Because eligibility generally is not restricted to specific subgroups of people, SNAP serves a wide range of low-income households, including families with children, elderly people, and people with disabilities.  Participants include families with adults who work in low-wage jobs, unemployed workers, and people with fixed incomes, such as Social Security.  About 75 percent of SNAP recipients live in households with children; more than one-quarter live in households with seniors or people with disabilities.

    In recent years SNAP has achieved impressive results in meeting the needs of low-income Americans while maintaining strong program integrity and payment accuracy.

    SNAP has responded effectively to the recession.  SNAP caseloads have increased significantly since late 2007, as the recession and lagging recovery battered the economic circumstances of millions of Americans and dramatically increased the number of low-income households who qualify and apply for help from the program.  In addition, the 2009 Recovery Act increased SNAP benefits as a way of delivering economic stimulus.  Policymakers deemed SNAP to be effective for this purpose because of its broad reach among low-income populations and its high efficiency.  According to the National Academy of Science measures of poverty, which count SNAP as income, SNAP kept about 4 million people out of poverty in 2010 and lessened the severity of poverty for millions of others.

    The recent growth in SNAP spending is temporary.  The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) predicts that SNAP spending will fall as a share of GDP in coming years as the economy recovers and the Recovery Act provisions end.  By 2022 SNAP is expected to return nearly to pre-recession levels as a share of GDP.  Over the long term, SNAP is not growing faster than the overall economy and thus is not contributing to the nation’s long-term fiscal problems.

    SNAP payment accuracy is at an all-time high.  SNAP has one of the most rigorous quality control systems of any public benefit program, and despite the recent growth in caseloads, the share of total SNAP payments that represent overpayments, underpayments, or payments to ineligible households reached a record low in fiscal year 2011.

    (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Wolkwitz, Kari; Leftin, Joshua
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2008

    The Food Stamp Program (FSP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet.1 The FSP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report presents an overview of the FSP eligibility requirements and benefit levels, as well as the characteristics of FSP households and participants nationwide, in fiscal year 2007 (October 2006 to September 2007). The appendices include detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, and a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

    The Food Stamp Program (FSP) provides millions of Americans with the means to purchase food for a nutritious diet.1 The FSP is the largest of the 15 domestic food and nutrition assistance programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS). This report presents an overview of the FSP eligibility requirements and benefit levels, as well as the characteristics of FSP households and participants nationwide, in fiscal year 2007 (October 2006 to September 2007). The appendices include detailed tabulations of household and participant characteristics for the nation and by State, and a brief description of the sample design and the sampling error associated with the estimates presented in the report. (author abstract)

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