Skip to main content
Back to Top

SSRC Library

The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

Writing a paper? Working on a literature review? Citing research in a funding proposal? Use the SSRC Citation Assistance Tool to compile citations.

  • Conduct a search and filter parameters as desired.
  • "Check" the box next to the resources for which you would like a citation.
  • Select "Download Selected Citation" at the top of the Library Search Page.
  • Select your export style:
    • Text File.
    • RIS Format.
    • APA format.
  • Select submit and download your citations.

The SSRC Library includes resources which may be available only via journal subscription. The SSRC may be able to provide users without subscription access to a particular journal with a single use copy of the full text.  Please email the SSRC with your request.

The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Scherpf, Erik
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2013

    This study investigates young adults’ first experience with the Supplementary Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), examining the determinants of first program entry and exit. It makes use of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort (NLSY97), which follows respondents from adolescence into adulthood. This study estimates discrete-time hazard models of program entry and exit with and without unobserved heterogeneity. Unobserved heterogeneity is modeled using both a parametric approach, in which a gamma distribution is assumed, and a non-parametric approach with two mass points. The results are broadly consistent across models, indicating that, for the cohort in this study, accounting for unobserved heterogeneity does not substantially alter the results from a basic discrete-time hazard model. The results show that expanded categorical eligibility increased the hazard of SNAP entry in the six years following high school, while the absence of vehicle exclusions decreased the entry hazard. For program exit, however, state SNAP policies had no statistically significant...

    This study investigates young adults’ first experience with the Supplementary Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), examining the determinants of first program entry and exit. It makes use of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort (NLSY97), which follows respondents from adolescence into adulthood. This study estimates discrete-time hazard models of program entry and exit with and without unobserved heterogeneity. Unobserved heterogeneity is modeled using both a parametric approach, in which a gamma distribution is assumed, and a non-parametric approach with two mass points. The results are broadly consistent across models, indicating that, for the cohort in this study, accounting for unobserved heterogeneity does not substantially alter the results from a basic discrete-time hazard model. The results show that expanded categorical eligibility increased the hazard of SNAP entry in the six years following high school, while the absence of vehicle exclusions decreased the entry hazard. For program exit, however, state SNAP policies had no statistically significant effect. The recent birth of a child, prior participation in WIC and low educational attainment were each strongly associated with an increased “risk” of SNAP entry, and decreased “risk” of exit. Somewhat, surprisingly, higher unemployment rates in the local labor market were not significantly associated with higher entry risk, but were strongly associated with a lower exit risk. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Congress of the United States Congressional Budget Office
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2013

    The federal government devotes roughly one-sixth of its spending to 10 major means-tested programs and tax credits, which provide cash payments or assistance in obtaining health care, food, housing, or education to people with relatively low income or few assets. Those programs and credits consist of the following:

    - Medicaid,

    - The low-income subsidy (LIS) for Part D of Medicare (the part of Medicare that provides prescription drug benefits),

    - The refundable portion of the earned income tax credit (EITC),

    - The refundable portion of the child tax credit (CTC),

    - Supplemental Security Income (SSI).

    - Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF),

    - The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly called the Food Stamp program),

    - Child nutrition programs,

    - Housing assistance programs, and

    - The Federal Pell Grant Program.

    As shown in this report and an accompanying infographic, in 2012, federal spending on those programs and tax credits...

    The federal government devotes roughly one-sixth of its spending to 10 major means-tested programs and tax credits, which provide cash payments or assistance in obtaining health care, food, housing, or education to people with relatively low income or few assets. Those programs and credits consist of the following:

    - Medicaid,

    - The low-income subsidy (LIS) for Part D of Medicare (the part of Medicare that provides prescription drug benefits),

    - The refundable portion of the earned income tax credit (EITC),

    - The refundable portion of the child tax credit (CTC),

    - Supplemental Security Income (SSI).

    - Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF),

    - The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly called the Food Stamp program),

    - Child nutrition programs,

    - Housing assistance programs, and

    - The Federal Pell Grant Program.

    As shown in this report and an accompanying infographic, in 2012, federal spending on those programs and tax credits totaled $588 billion. (Certain larger federal benefit programs, such as Social Security and Medicare, are not considered means-tested programs because they are not limited to people with specific amounts of income or assets.)

    Total federal spending on those 10 programs (adjusted to exclude the effects of inflation) rose more than tenfold—or by an average of about 6 percent a year—in the four decades since 1972 (when only half of the programs existed). As a share of the economy, federal spending on those programs grew from 1 percent to almost 4 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) over that period. (For ease of presentation, this report frequently uses the term “programs” to encompass both the spending programs and the tax credits.) (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Castner, Laura; Henke, Juliette
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2011

    In this study, we examine patterns of SNAP benefit redemption, particularly related to the timing and amount of purchases and the rate at which households exhaust their benefits. We identify changes within fiscal year 2009 to gain insights into how the April benefit increase affected spending patterns. We also make comparisons with results of a similar study conducted for fiscal year 2003 (Cole and Lee 2005) to see if households exhausted their benefits sooner in 2009 than they had in the past. We examine the frequency of spending, average amount per transaction, number and types of stores at which households redeem their benefits, rate at which households exhaust their benefits, and the amount of benefits that households carry over from one month to the next. For each of these measures, we explore how patterns differ by benefit level, demographic characteristic, and state. (author abstract)

    In this study, we examine patterns of SNAP benefit redemption, particularly related to the timing and amount of purchases and the rate at which households exhaust their benefits. We identify changes within fiscal year 2009 to gain insights into how the April benefit increase affected spending patterns. We also make comparisons with results of a similar study conducted for fiscal year 2003 (Cole and Lee 2005) to see if households exhausted their benefits sooner in 2009 than they had in the past. We examine the frequency of spending, average amount per transaction, number and types of stores at which households redeem their benefits, rate at which households exhaust their benefits, and the amount of benefits that households carry over from one month to the next. For each of these measures, we explore how patterns differ by benefit level, demographic characteristic, and state. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Mabli, James; Godfrey, Thomas; Castner, Laura; Tordella, Stephen; Foran, Priscilla
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2011

    Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in any month is the net result of people entering and exiting the program what is often referred to as program long participants spend on the program, and how often those that exit the program re-enter it.1 Another important area of research, however, and the main objective of this report, seeks to understand the factors associated with entering and exiting the program. We systematically examine how individual and family demographic and economic characteristics, as well as state economic measures and SNAP policies, are associated with SNAP entry and exit, for the period from 2004 to 2006. (author abstract)

    Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in any month is the net result of people entering and exiting the program what is often referred to as program long participants spend on the program, and how often those that exit the program re-enter it.1 Another important area of research, however, and the main objective of this report, seeks to understand the factors associated with entering and exiting the program. We systematically examine how individual and family demographic and economic characteristics, as well as state economic measures and SNAP policies, are associated with SNAP entry and exit, for the period from 2004 to 2006. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Gordon, Anne; Briefel, Ronette; Needels, Karen; Wemmerus, Nancy; Zavitsky, Teresa; Rosso, Randy; Tasse, Tania; Kalb, Laura; Peterson, Anne; Creel, Darryl
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2003

    The primary goal of the Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) is to provide nutritious meals to children in low-income areas when school is not in session. The program is intended to fill a gap in services for low-income, school-age children, who receive free or reduced-price school meals during the school year through the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP). However, the SFSP always has served far fewer children than are reached by free or reduced-price NSLP lunches during the school year.

    Because the SFSP, which had expenditures of $272 million in fiscal year (FY) 2001, is one of the smaller child nutrition programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), it has not been studied extensively. However, growing interest in improving program operations and expanding participation has led USDA to commission a new study of the SFSP, known as the SFSP Implementation Study. This report presents the results of the SFSP Implementation Study, a descriptive study of the operations of the SFSP at the state and local levels....

    The primary goal of the Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) is to provide nutritious meals to children in low-income areas when school is not in session. The program is intended to fill a gap in services for low-income, school-age children, who receive free or reduced-price school meals during the school year through the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and the School Breakfast Program (SBP). However, the SFSP always has served far fewer children than are reached by free or reduced-price NSLP lunches during the school year.

    Because the SFSP, which had expenditures of $272 million in fiscal year (FY) 2001, is one of the smaller child nutrition programs administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), it has not been studied extensively. However, growing interest in improving program operations and expanding participation has led USDA to commission a new study of the SFSP, known as the SFSP Implementation Study. This report presents the results of the SFSP Implementation Study, a descriptive study of the operations of the SFSP at the state and local levels. Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. (MPR), under contract to the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS), has collected nationally representative data to describe how the program works and how SFSP staff feel it could be improved. (author abstract)

Sort by

Topical Area(s)

Popular Searches

Source

Year

Year ranges from 1935 to 2018

Reference Type

Research Methodology

Geographic Focus

Target Populations