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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Anderson, Theresa; Kirlin, John A.; Wiseman, Michael
    Reference Type: Conference Paper
    Year: 2012

    The SNAP-UI Data Linkage Project is an effort coordinated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture‘s Economic Research Service (ERS) to link state-level administrative data from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Unemployment Insurance (UI) program to examine the concurrent and sequential patterns in use of these program before and during the Great Recession. The project focuses on calendar years 2006 through 2009 and utilizes data from seven states: California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, and Texas. The project has illuminated various issues with administrative data linkage, which this paper characterizes as the “Three C‘s” of administrative data: custody, confidentiality, and consistency.

    From the outset, ERS had three primary hypotheses: 1) The low rate of concurrent SNAP-UI receipt in existing data understates the total connection between SNAP and UI benefits because people tend to take up nutrition benefits only after UI claims are exhausted. 2) Both the concurrent and sequential links between...

    The SNAP-UI Data Linkage Project is an effort coordinated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture‘s Economic Research Service (ERS) to link state-level administrative data from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Unemployment Insurance (UI) program to examine the concurrent and sequential patterns in use of these program before and during the Great Recession. The project focuses on calendar years 2006 through 2009 and utilizes data from seven states: California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, and Texas. The project has illuminated various issues with administrative data linkage, which this paper characterizes as the “Three C‘s” of administrative data: custody, confidentiality, and consistency.

    From the outset, ERS had three primary hypotheses: 1) The low rate of concurrent SNAP-UI receipt in existing data understates the total connection between SNAP and UI benefits because people tend to take up nutrition benefits only after UI claims are exhausted. 2) Both the concurrent and sequential links between SNAP and UI grew during the recession. 3) As the economy worsened, the lag between UI exhaustion and SNAP take-up declined. After the discussion of data issues, preliminary project results are presented (current as of December 2011). These early results confirm the first hypothesis but show that the sequential connection between the programs is not as large as expected. The second hypothesis is confirmed. The third hypothesis is still being explored. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Rangarajan, Anu ; Razafindrakoto, Carol; Corson, Walter
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2002

    This study, funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the New Jersey Department of Human Services (NJDHS) and with the support of the New Jersey Department of Labor (NJDOL), examines the extent to which former welfare recipients are likely to be eligible for UI, and the extent to which former recipients who leave welfare and find work file UI claims. In particular, it examines such questions as: What is the rate of monetary UI eligibility among former welfare recipients who leave welfare and find work, and how does this rate change over time? How are nonmonetary factors likely to affect eligibility? For what benefit amounts are these individuals likely to be eligible? How sensitive are UI monetary eligibility rates to varying program parameters? How many former welfare recipients actually file UI claims and receive payments?

    Our study of these and related questions is based on data from the Work First New Jersey (WFNJ) evaluation. The WFNJ evaluation is a comprehensive, five-year study, funded by NJDHS, which tracks a representative statewide sample of...

    This study, funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the New Jersey Department of Human Services (NJDHS) and with the support of the New Jersey Department of Labor (NJDOL), examines the extent to which former welfare recipients are likely to be eligible for UI, and the extent to which former recipients who leave welfare and find work file UI claims. In particular, it examines such questions as: What is the rate of monetary UI eligibility among former welfare recipients who leave welfare and find work, and how does this rate change over time? How are nonmonetary factors likely to affect eligibility? For what benefit amounts are these individuals likely to be eligible? How sensitive are UI monetary eligibility rates to varying program parameters? How many former welfare recipients actually file UI claims and receive payments?

    Our study of these and related questions is based on data from the Work First New Jersey (WFNJ) evaluation. The WFNJ evaluation is a comprehensive, five-year study, funded by NJDHS, which tracks a representative statewide sample of 2,000 welfare recipients who received TANF in New Jersey during the first 18 months under the new welfare rules, between July 1997 and December 1998. These recipients are being tracked through a series of five annual surveys, as well as through administrative records data. For this UI study, we examine the subset of welfare recipients who left TANF at any time before December 1999, and were employed around the time of TANF exit. We have data on employment and earnings for these individuals covering the two-year period after TANF exit, and data on UI claims over the three-year period after TANF exit.2 Wage records and UI claims data were provided by the New Jersey Department of Labor, and TANF administrative data by the Division of Family Development of NJDHS. (author summary)

  • Individual Author: O'Leary, Christopher J.; Kline, Kenneth J.
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2014

    During the Great Recession, both the Supplementary Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the federal-state unemployment insurance (UI) program experienced dramatic increases in participation. Using Michigan program administrative data on all SNAP (2006–2011) recipients and all UI (2001–2010) applicants, we examine SNAP use before and after UI application. Both past and future receipts of SNAP are highly negatively correlated with meeting UI income and job separation eligibility requirements. Unemployment insurance applicants with insufficient wage credits or job separations because of quitting or employer discharge are much more likely to have received SNAP in the past. Furthermore, such UI applicants are also more likely to receive SNAP soon after applying for UI benefits. The data also indicate that as of the start of the Great Recession, UI applicants who received SNAP subsequent to UI filing began receiving those benefits sooner compared with UI applicants prior to the downturn. The models also suggest that SNAP receipt after UI application was higher among ineligible UI...

    During the Great Recession, both the Supplementary Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and the federal-state unemployment insurance (UI) program experienced dramatic increases in participation. Using Michigan program administrative data on all SNAP (2006–2011) recipients and all UI (2001–2010) applicants, we examine SNAP use before and after UI application. Both past and future receipts of SNAP are highly negatively correlated with meeting UI income and job separation eligibility requirements. Unemployment insurance applicants with insufficient wage credits or job separations because of quitting or employer discharge are much more likely to have received SNAP in the past. Furthermore, such UI applicants are also more likely to receive SNAP soon after applying for UI benefits. The data also indicate that as of the start of the Great Recession, UI applicants who received SNAP subsequent to UI filing began receiving those benefits sooner compared with UI applicants prior to the downturn. The models also suggest that SNAP receipt after UI application was higher among ineligible UI applicants, applicants who quit or were fired from prior jobs, those with prior recent SNAP receipt, prime age workers, females, those with education of less than a high school diploma, those having three to five years’ prior job tenure, and those with a separating job in retail trade, health care, or hospitality. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Heflin, Colleen M.; Mueser, Peter R.
    Reference Type: Conference Paper
    Year: 2013

    The social safety net has become a critical source of support for low-skill workers as they try to make ends meet during these difficult times. In particular, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)1 caseload has grown to 47.7 million people in January 2013—or 15.1 percent of all Americans. Unemployment Insurance (UI) is a significant source of income for those who qualify, and caseloads more than doubled with the onset of the recession, reaching a seasonally adjusted maximum of 6.5 million recipients in June 2009 (U.S. Department of Labor 2013a). Yet, little is known about how the changing economic conditions have affected SNAP caseloads and its interaction with the UI program.

    We examine state administrative data from Florida for SNAP and UI from late 2005 through early 2010. We focus on three research questions:

    1. In the face of caseload growth in both programs, how has participation in UI among SNAP recipients changed?

    2. How has the role of UI insurance changed for SNAP participants, and in particular how have patterns of combined usage...

    The social safety net has become a critical source of support for low-skill workers as they try to make ends meet during these difficult times. In particular, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)1 caseload has grown to 47.7 million people in January 2013—or 15.1 percent of all Americans. Unemployment Insurance (UI) is a significant source of income for those who qualify, and caseloads more than doubled with the onset of the recession, reaching a seasonally adjusted maximum of 6.5 million recipients in June 2009 (U.S. Department of Labor 2013a). Yet, little is known about how the changing economic conditions have affected SNAP caseloads and its interaction with the UI program.

    We examine state administrative data from Florida for SNAP and UI from late 2005 through early 2010. We focus on three research questions:

    1. In the face of caseload growth in both programs, how has participation in UI among SNAP recipients changed?

    2. How has the role of UI insurance changed for SNAP participants, and in particular how have patterns of combined usage evolved during this period?

    3. What roles do labor market distress and legislated changes play in explaining observed patterns? (author introduction)

    A copy of the presentation slides summarizing this paper was given at the 2013 NAWRS Conference are also available.

  • Individual Author: Michaelides, Marios; Yamagata, Eileen Poe; Benus, Jacob; Tirumalasetti, Dharmendra
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2012

    The Reemployment and Eligibility Assessment (REA) initiative is an approach that combines: (1) in-person unemployment insurance (UI) eligibility reviews, (2) labor market information (LMI,) (3) development of an individual reemployment plan and (4) referral to reemployment services (RES) and/or training. It is designed to ensure claimants are meeting the eligibility provisions of state laws and are exposed to reemployment services, including job search assistance and placement services, so they may return to employment as quickly as possible. While the REA initiative began in 2005, its features are grounded in past research findings and proven methods of administration that have been shown to be efficient and cost-effective.

    Research conducted by IMPAQ International in 2011 found evidence that the REA program was effective in achieving the program’s goals of reducing UI duration and generating savings to the UI Trust Fund. The study showed that the Nevada REA program was more effective in reducing claimant UI duration and generating greater savings for the UI Trust Fund...

    The Reemployment and Eligibility Assessment (REA) initiative is an approach that combines: (1) in-person unemployment insurance (UI) eligibility reviews, (2) labor market information (LMI,) (3) development of an individual reemployment plan and (4) referral to reemployment services (RES) and/or training. It is designed to ensure claimants are meeting the eligibility provisions of state laws and are exposed to reemployment services, including job search assistance and placement services, so they may return to employment as quickly as possible. While the REA initiative began in 2005, its features are grounded in past research findings and proven methods of administration that have been shown to be efficient and cost-effective.

    Research conducted by IMPAQ International in 2011 found evidence that the REA program was effective in achieving the program’s goals of reducing UI duration and generating savings to the UI Trust Fund. The study showed that the Nevada REA program was more effective in reducing claimant UI duration and generating greater savings for the UI Trust Fund than the REA program in other states examined. Nevada’s REA program was found to differ from REA programs in other states. In Nevada, the same staff provided both REA and reemployment services (RES), charging their time to the appropriate work activities, while in other study states, different staff administered REA and RES. It appears that providing REA and RES services by the same staff in a single interview may be a key factor that led to greater program impacts in Nevada.

    In light of these findings, the U.S. Department of Labor asked IMPAQ to extend the study of the Nevada REA program using updated data on UI receipt and wages for REA-eligible claimants who entered the program from July 2009 through December 2009. The objective of the present study is to address the following key questions related to the efficacy of the Nevada REA program: (1) Did REA reduce UI benefit duration and UI benefit amounts received?; (2) Was REA effective in expediting the reemployment of UI claimants?, and; (3) Did REA lead to UI Trust Fund savings and, if so, did these exceed REA program costs?

    In this report, we address the above research questions using Nevada’s administrative UI data and intrastate Wage Records for all REA-eligible UI claimants who entered the program from July 2009 through December 2009. These data provide rich information on the socioeconomic characteristics, UI eligibility, and prior wages of claimants at the start of their UI claim. Using these data, we estimate the impact of the Nevada REA program on claimant UI receipt and quarterly wage outcomes following program entry. Our results show that the Nevada REA program was very effective in assisting claimants exit the UI program sooner than they would have in the absence of the program, leading to lower UI duration and producing important savings for the UI Trust Fund. We also find that the program was very effective in assisting claimants find employment in the period following program entry. Based on these results, we conclude that the Nevada REA program is a very effective policy tool for reducing UI duration and assisting UI claimants to return to productive employment more rapidly than they would in the absence of the program. (author abstract) 

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