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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Perez-Johnson, Irma; Moore, Quinn; Santillano, Robert
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2011

    Following passage of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), local workforce investment areas have been required to use individual training accounts (ITAs) to fund most occupational training activities. With some restrictions, customers of the One-Stop system can use ITAs to select training from a wide array of state-approved programs and providers. States and local offices have a great deal of flexibility in deciding how to structure ITAs. At one extreme, local counselors can play a pivotal role in directing customers to particular training programs and closely tailoring ITA award amounts to each customer’s needs. At the other extreme, local staff can play a minor role, providing all customers with the same fixed ITA amounts, allowing customers to choose their training programs independently, and providing counseling only on request.

    This report presents long-term results from an experimental evaluation of the effectiveness of three different models for delivering ITA services, with impacts measured six to eight years after program enrollment. The Employment and...

    Following passage of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), local workforce investment areas have been required to use individual training accounts (ITAs) to fund most occupational training activities. With some restrictions, customers of the One-Stop system can use ITAs to select training from a wide array of state-approved programs and providers. States and local offices have a great deal of flexibility in deciding how to structure ITAs. At one extreme, local counselors can play a pivotal role in directing customers to particular training programs and closely tailoring ITA award amounts to each customer’s needs. At the other extreme, local staff can play a minor role, providing all customers with the same fixed ITA amounts, allowing customers to choose their training programs independently, and providing counseling only on request.

    This report presents long-term results from an experimental evaluation of the effectiveness of three different models for delivering ITA services, with impacts measured six to eight years after program enrollment. The Employment and Training Administration (ETA) at the U.S. Department of Labor designed the ITA experiment to provide federal, state, and local policymakers, administrators, and program managers with information on the tradeoffs inherent in different ITA service delivery models.

    As a part of the experiment, nearly 8,000 customers of One-Stop Centers in eight different sites were randomly assigned to one of the three ITA service delivery models tested in the ITA Experiment. These models varied along three policy-relevant dimensions (Table ES.1): (1) the ITA award structure (that is, whether the award amount was fixed for all customers or tailored to the customer’s needs); (2) required counseling (that is, whether ITA counseling was mandatory or optional, and its intensity); and (3) program approval (that is, whether counselors could reject customers’ training choices and deny an ITA, or had to approve them if the customer had completed his or her ITA requirements). (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: James Bell Associates
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2003

    The evaluation of AFF, required by ARS 8-881, focuses on the implementation of the AFF community substance abuse prevention and treatment programs at all nine sites, the factors that contribute to their success, and the extent to which the legislature’s outcome goals of increases in timeliness, availability and accessibility of services; recovery from alcohol and drug problems; child safety; permanency for children through reunification; and the achievement of self-sufficiency through employment can be obtained. The focus during the first year of the evaluation was on establishing a cross-agency, client-level data base system, documenting the implementation of AFF through quarterly data collection at each of the AFF sites, and analyzing data on clients’ utilization of services. During the second year of the evaluation, the focus was on continuing to document program implementation through the analysis and reporting of client-level service utilization data and qualitative data gathered from program directors, RBHA representatives, and clients. Analyses also were conducted using...

    The evaluation of AFF, required by ARS 8-881, focuses on the implementation of the AFF community substance abuse prevention and treatment programs at all nine sites, the factors that contribute to their success, and the extent to which the legislature’s outcome goals of increases in timeliness, availability and accessibility of services; recovery from alcohol and drug problems; child safety; permanency for children through reunification; and the achievement of self-sufficiency through employment can be obtained. The focus during the first year of the evaluation was on establishing a cross-agency, client-level data base system, documenting the implementation of AFF through quarterly data collection at each of the AFF sites, and analyzing data on clients’ utilization of services. During the second year of the evaluation, the focus was on continuing to document program implementation through the analysis and reporting of client-level service utilization data and qualitative data gathered from program directors, RBHA representatives, and clients. Analyses also were conducted using the data available to determine early findings with respect to child welfare and employment outcomes as of March 31, 2003. (author abstract)

     

  • Individual Author: Applied Behavioral Health Policy, The University of Arizona
    Reference Type: Report, Stakeholder Resource
    Year: 2005

    Arizona Families F.I.R.S.T. (AFF) was established by Arizona Revised Statute (ARS) 8-881 (Senate Bill 1280, passed in the 2000 legislative session), and is administered jointly by the Arizona Department of Economic Security (ADES) and the Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS), with DES designated as the lead agency. The legislation established a statewide program for substance-abusing families entering the child welfare system as well as those families receiving cash assistance through Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). The legislation recognized that substance abuse is a major problem contributing to child abuse and neglect, and is also a significant barrier for those attempting to re-enter the job market or maintain employment.

    In the spring of 2001, nine AFF providers received contracts through ADES to implement a community substance abuse prevention and treatment program under Arizona Families F.I.R.S.T. Contract providers across the State of Arizona were funded so that all counties would be covered by AFF services. The agencies funded included:...

    Arizona Families F.I.R.S.T. (AFF) was established by Arizona Revised Statute (ARS) 8-881 (Senate Bill 1280, passed in the 2000 legislative session), and is administered jointly by the Arizona Department of Economic Security (ADES) and the Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS), with DES designated as the lead agency. The legislation established a statewide program for substance-abusing families entering the child welfare system as well as those families receiving cash assistance through Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). The legislation recognized that substance abuse is a major problem contributing to child abuse and neglect, and is also a significant barrier for those attempting to re-enter the job market or maintain employment.

    In the spring of 2001, nine AFF providers received contracts through ADES to implement a community substance abuse prevention and treatment program under Arizona Families F.I.R.S.T. Contract providers across the State of Arizona were funded so that all counties would be covered by AFF services. The agencies funded included: Arizona Partnership for Children-Coconino, Arizona Partnership for Children-Yavapai, and Arizona Partnership for Children-Yuma; Community Partnership of Southern Arizona; Horizon Human Services; Old Concho Community Assistance Center; Southeastern Arizona Behavioral Health Services; TERROS; and WestCare Arizona.

    Over the past three years of program operations, AFF provider agencies worked to: develop a referral process; screen, access, and treat clients with the required AFF timeframes; develop collaborative partnerships with subcontractors and other community agencies; and coordinate treatment services with Regional Behavioral Health Authority (RBHA) providers when the AFF client was found to be eligible for Medicaid-Title XIX funded services. Provider agencies also have worked to promote a more family-centered service delivery system, and to engage and retain clients in treatment. AFF providers and RBHA providers coordinate efforts to serve eligible clients in a manner that maximizes resources and Title XIX/XXI funds. Through the Partnership each eligible person would be afforded access to a comprehensive array of Title XIX behavioral health services that will assist, support, and encourage that person to achieve and maintain health and self-sufficiency. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Isaacs, Julia B.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2001

    As large numbers of recipients leave the welfare rolls, interest in their circumstances is widespread. Are individuals working? Are they and their families
    moving out of poverty? How are their children faring? Do they continue to need and receive assistance through other programs? To answer these questions, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), awarded $2.9 million in grants in
    fiscal year 1998 to fourteen states and large counties to track and monitor outcomes among families leaving welfare.1 Funded out of a special congressional appropriation, these grants were designed to collect data documenting what was happening to poor families after the sweeping changes in welfare legislation. This chapter provides an overview of the design of the ASPE-funded leavers studies and reviews major cross-study findings in three areas: employment, program participation, and household income. In each area, the chapter discusses how data from administrative records are enriched by the more detailed...

    As large numbers of recipients leave the welfare rolls, interest in their circumstances is widespread. Are individuals working? Are they and their families
    moving out of poverty? How are their children faring? Do they continue to need and receive assistance through other programs? To answer these questions, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), awarded $2.9 million in grants in
    fiscal year 1998 to fourteen states and large counties to track and monitor outcomes among families leaving welfare.1 Funded out of a special congressional appropriation, these grants were designed to collect data documenting what was happening to poor families after the sweeping changes in welfare legislation. This chapter provides an overview of the design of the ASPE-funded leavers studies and reviews major cross-study findings in three areas: employment, program participation, and household income. In each area, the chapter discusses how data from administrative records are enriched by the more detailed findings emerging from surveys of former recipients. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Gardiner, Karen; Martinson, Karin
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2014

    There is longstanding interest among policy makers and program operators in finding ways to increase the skill levels of low-income individuals, improve their enrollment in and completion of post-secondary education, and improve their economic prospects. The career pathways approach is gaining steady acceptance as a promising strategy to address these challenges and improve post-secondary education and training for low-income and low-skilled adults.

    This summary is an easy-to-read overview of the Innovative Strategies for Increasing Self-Sufficiency project; a major national effort to evaluate the effectiveness of nine career pathways programs using an experimental design. the ISIS study. The summary includes the frame career pathway programming, the promise of these programs, and a list of the nine programs being evaluated in the study. (author abstract)

    There is longstanding interest among policy makers and program operators in finding ways to increase the skill levels of low-income individuals, improve their enrollment in and completion of post-secondary education, and improve their economic prospects. The career pathways approach is gaining steady acceptance as a promising strategy to address these challenges and improve post-secondary education and training for low-income and low-skilled adults.

    This summary is an easy-to-read overview of the Innovative Strategies for Increasing Self-Sufficiency project; a major national effort to evaluate the effectiveness of nine career pathways programs using an experimental design. the ISIS study. The summary includes the frame career pathway programming, the promise of these programs, and a list of the nine programs being evaluated in the study. (author abstract)

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