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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Glynn, Sarah Jane; Farrell, Jane; Wu, Nancy
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2013

    In his 2013 State of the Union address, President Barack Obama made a historic pledge to provide universal, high-quality pre-K education to our nation’s children. He chose to make this one of his administration’s priorities with good reason: Early childhood education has myriad benefits, including better, more equitable long-term outcomes for children of divergent economic backgrounds. Moreover, investments in these programs help cultivate a future workforce, secure long-term economic competitiveness, and develop our nation’s future leaders. Universal high-quality pre-K and child care would also throw a much-needed raft to families across America that are struggling to stay afloat while footing costly child care bills, missing work to provide care, or sending their children—our nation’s future innovators and workforce—to low-quality care centers.(author abstract)

    In his 2013 State of the Union address, President Barack Obama made a historic pledge to provide universal, high-quality pre-K education to our nation’s children. He chose to make this one of his administration’s priorities with good reason: Early childhood education has myriad benefits, including better, more equitable long-term outcomes for children of divergent economic backgrounds. Moreover, investments in these programs help cultivate a future workforce, secure long-term economic competitiveness, and develop our nation’s future leaders. Universal high-quality pre-K and child care would also throw a much-needed raft to families across America that are struggling to stay afloat while footing costly child care bills, missing work to provide care, or sending their children—our nation’s future innovators and workforce—to low-quality care centers.(author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Denk, Oliver; Hagemann, Robert P.; Lenain, Patrick; Somma, Valentin
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2013

    Income inequality and relative poverty in the United States are among the highest in the OECD and have substantially increased over the past decades. These developments have been associated with a number of other worrying statistics, including low intergenerational social mobility and weak real income growth for many households. A more inclusive pattern of growth would require less pronounced gaps in outcomes and opportunities across social groups and a broader sharing of the benefits of growth. The present paper analyses the causes of US income inequality and relative poverty in an OECD context, especially the role of the tax-and-transfer system, and suggests public policies to promote inclusive growth. To a significant degree, high income inequality is attributable to the large dispersion of earned income, which should be addressed by reforming education, so as to provide disadvantaged students with the skills needed to fully realise their potential. In addition, taxes and transfers contribute less to income redistribution than in other OECD countries. If well designed, reforms...

    Income inequality and relative poverty in the United States are among the highest in the OECD and have substantially increased over the past decades. These developments have been associated with a number of other worrying statistics, including low intergenerational social mobility and weak real income growth for many households. A more inclusive pattern of growth would require less pronounced gaps in outcomes and opportunities across social groups and a broader sharing of the benefits of growth. The present paper analyses the causes of US income inequality and relative poverty in an OECD context, especially the role of the tax-and-transfer system, and suggests public policies to promote inclusive growth. To a significant degree, high income inequality is attributable to the large dispersion of earned income, which should be addressed by reforming education, so as to provide disadvantaged students with the skills needed to fully realise their potential. In addition, taxes and transfers contribute less to income redistribution than in other OECD countries. If well designed, reforms that promote inclusive growth could also help reduce the market distortions resulting from the current tax-and-transfer system. In particular, phasing out personal and corporate tax expenditures that disproportionately benefit high earners would lower income inequality and improve resource allocation. As well, social transfers could be more effective in alleviating poverty through better targeting of the truly needy while reducing administrative complexity. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: National Women's Law Center
    Reference Type: Stakeholder Resource
    Year: 2012

    As most states gradually begin to recover economically after several years in which their budgets were under tremendous strain, a number of the states are taking this opportunity to make or consider new investments in early care and education. These states recognize that early care and education will advance their short- and longterm economic prosperity by enabling parents to work and giving children the strong start they need to succeed in school and ultimately contribute to the workforce. Unfortunately, a few states have looked to cut child care and early education. Cutting these services reduces families’ access to the stable, high-quality child care that encourages children’s learning and development. Additionally, these cuts prevent child care programs from filling their classrooms, forcing them to lay off staff or close their doors entirely. (author abstract)

    As most states gradually begin to recover economically after several years in which their budgets were under tremendous strain, a number of the states are taking this opportunity to make or consider new investments in early care and education. These states recognize that early care and education will advance their short- and longterm economic prosperity by enabling parents to work and giving children the strong start they need to succeed in school and ultimately contribute to the workforce. Unfortunately, a few states have looked to cut child care and early education. Cutting these services reduces families’ access to the stable, high-quality child care that encourages children’s learning and development. Additionally, these cuts prevent child care programs from filling their classrooms, forcing them to lay off staff or close their doors entirely. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Berkman, Michael; Honaker, James; Ojeda, Christopher; Plutzer, Eric
    Reference Type: Conference Paper
    Year: 2013

    In this paper we offer measures of state TANF policies that reflect the multi-dimensionality of state policy, and account for the intergovernmental complexity that underlies TANF. Our approach recognizes each state’s motivation to transition its poor population from public assistance to employment by focusing on the conditions recipients must meet to remain on assistance and to avoid being sanctioned for violating the conditions of assistance. We also offer some validity tests of these new measures and compare them with other widely used measures of state TANF policy. Our measures are not comprehensive—we do not in this paper, for example, offer measures of generosity or eligibility—but they do capture the state rules that guide local policymakers’ sanctioning decisions. [author introduction]

     

    In this paper we offer measures of state TANF policies that reflect the multi-dimensionality of state policy, and account for the intergovernmental complexity that underlies TANF. Our approach recognizes each state’s motivation to transition its poor population from public assistance to employment by focusing on the conditions recipients must meet to remain on assistance and to avoid being sanctioned for violating the conditions of assistance. We also offer some validity tests of these new measures and compare them with other widely used measures of state TANF policy. Our measures are not comprehensive—we do not in this paper, for example, offer measures of generosity or eligibility—but they do capture the state rules that guide local policymakers’ sanctioning decisions. [author introduction]

     

  • Individual Author: Santalucia, Antonio; Whitaker, Bethany; Oettinger, Ellen
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2013

    TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Research Results Digest 383: Potential Impacts of Federal Health Care Reform on Public Transit explores provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that are likely to have the largest and most direct impacts on public transit agencies and operations, particularly those in rural and small urban areas. The report also describes pre-existing legal requirements that govern the roles public transit can currently play in transportation related to health care. (author abstract)

    TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Research Results Digest 383: Potential Impacts of Federal Health Care Reform on Public Transit explores provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act that are likely to have the largest and most direct impacts on public transit agencies and operations, particularly those in rural and small urban areas. The report also describes pre-existing legal requirements that govern the roles public transit can currently play in transportation related to health care. (author abstract)

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