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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Meit, Michael; Hafford, Carol; Fromknecht, Catharine; Knudson, Alana; Gilbert, Tess; Miesfeld, Noelle
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2016

    This report presents key findings from the evaluation of the first round of the Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Program. These findings show that all five of the Tribal HPOG grantees established programs that led to healthcare training completion and employment. The report includes findings on programs' structures, processes, outcomes, and insights related to these findings. The evaluation team worked to conduct a culturally responsive evaluation by receiving input from partners, advisors, and grantees throughout the evaluation. (author abstract)

    This report presents key findings from the evaluation of the first round of the Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Program. These findings show that all five of the Tribal HPOG grantees established programs that led to healthcare training completion and employment. The report includes findings on programs' structures, processes, outcomes, and insights related to these findings. The evaluation team worked to conduct a culturally responsive evaluation by receiving input from partners, advisors, and grantees throughout the evaluation. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Michalopoulos, Charles; Edin, Kathryn; Fink, Barbara; Landriscina, Mirella; Polit, Denise F.; Polyne, Judy C.; Richburg-Hayes, Lashawn; Seith, David; Verma, Nandita
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2003

    The 1996 welfare reform law called for profound changes in welfare policy, including a five year time limit on federally funded cash assistance (known as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, or TANF), stricter work requirements, and greater flexibility for states in designing and managing programs. The law’s supporters hoped that it would spark innovation and reduce welfare use; critics feared that it would lead to cuts in benefits and to widespread suffering. Whether the reform succeeds or fails depends largely on what happens in big cities, where poverty and welfare receipt are most concentrated. This report — one of a series from MDRC’s Project on Devolution and Urban Change — examines the specific ways in which reform unfolded in Philadelphia. The study uses field research, state records, surveys and ethnographic interviews of welfare recipients, and indicators of social and economic trends to assess TANF’s implementation and effects. Because of the strong economy and ample funding for services in the late 1990s, the study captures welfare reform in the best of times but...

    The 1996 welfare reform law called for profound changes in welfare policy, including a five year time limit on federally funded cash assistance (known as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, or TANF), stricter work requirements, and greater flexibility for states in designing and managing programs. The law’s supporters hoped that it would spark innovation and reduce welfare use; critics feared that it would lead to cuts in benefits and to widespread suffering. Whether the reform succeeds or fails depends largely on what happens in big cities, where poverty and welfare receipt are most concentrated. This report — one of a series from MDRC’s Project on Devolution and Urban Change — examines the specific ways in which reform unfolded in Philadelphia. The study uses field research, state records, surveys and ethnographic interviews of welfare recipients, and indicators of social and economic trends to assess TANF’s implementation and effects. Because of the strong economy and ample funding for services in the late 1990s, the study captures welfare reform in the best of times but focuses on the poorest families and neighborhoods. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Polit, Denise; Widom, Rebecca; Edin, Kathryn; Bowie, Stan; London, Andrew; Scott, Ellen; Valenzuela, Abel
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2001

    Since 1996, when Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act · the "welfare reform" law · welfare caseloads have dropped sharply, and the number of single mothers who work has grown dramatically. But how have poor mothers fared, now that they are playing by the new welfare rules and working?

    This report describes the experiences of women from poor urban neighborhoods who once relied on public assistance and entered the labor market. It presents findings from the Project on Devolution and Urban Change, a study of the implementation and effects of welfare reform in the counties encompassing four big cities: Cleveland, Los Angeles, Miami, and Philadelphia. This report draws on representative survey data and in-depth ethnographic interviews from each of those sites to compare the work experiences and life circumstances of four groups of women defined by employment status and history.

    In May 1995, the 3,900 survey respondents were receiving public assistance and living in high-poverty neighborhoods. Three to four years later, they...

    Since 1996, when Congress passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act · the "welfare reform" law · welfare caseloads have dropped sharply, and the number of single mothers who work has grown dramatically. But how have poor mothers fared, now that they are playing by the new welfare rules and working?

    This report describes the experiences of women from poor urban neighborhoods who once relied on public assistance and entered the labor market. It presents findings from the Project on Devolution and Urban Change, a study of the implementation and effects of welfare reform in the counties encompassing four big cities: Cleveland, Los Angeles, Miami, and Philadelphia. This report draws on representative survey data and in-depth ethnographic interviews from each of those sites to compare the work experiences and life circumstances of four groups of women defined by employment status and history.

    In May 1995, the 3,900 survey respondents were receiving public assistance and living in high-poverty neighborhoods. Three to four years later, they were interviewed about their recent employment experiences: Three-quarters had worked in the past two years, and about half were working at the time of the interview. Respondents' stories from the ethnographic interviews are interwoven throughout the report to complement and augment the survey findings. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Lenz-Rashid, Sonja
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2006

    This BASSC Monograph examines the current needs of youth aging out of the foster care system and programs developed to assist youth with their transition to adulthood and independent living. It is based upon a review of the most up to date national and state empirical research to identify what the challenges youth aging out of care face. It is also based upon interviews with program administrators of Independent Living Skills Programs, community-based organizations, and private foundations and endowments. (author executive summary)

    This BASSC Monograph examines the current needs of youth aging out of the foster care system and programs developed to assist youth with their transition to adulthood and independent living. It is based upon a review of the most up to date national and state empirical research to identify what the challenges youth aging out of care face. It is also based upon interviews with program administrators of Independent Living Skills Programs, community-based organizations, and private foundations and endowments. (author executive summary)

  • Individual Author: Institute for Research on Poverty
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2002

    Early data from the Fragile Families Study, a nationwide study of low-income, unmarried parents that began in 1998, produced an unexpected finding: about half of these unmarried parents were cohabiting. Fully another third considered themselves romantically involved. Furthermore, over half—both men and women—affirmed their belief that marriage was important and expected that they would marry in the future. Was there, observers speculated, a window of opportunity here? Does the birth of a child constitute a “magic moment” at which the “right” policy interventions could confirm and strengthen the relationship of poor unmarried parents and set the family on a path to stability and economic self-sufficiency?

    But at the same time, researchers raised warning flags—large proportions of these parents have low education and few skills, unstable work histories, and poverty-level earnings. Indeed, a number of studies have established that low-income, unmarried parents face formidable barriers to forming stable relationships.[...]

    What circumstances are likely to drive...

    Early data from the Fragile Families Study, a nationwide study of low-income, unmarried parents that began in 1998, produced an unexpected finding: about half of these unmarried parents were cohabiting. Fully another third considered themselves romantically involved. Furthermore, over half—both men and women—affirmed their belief that marriage was important and expected that they would marry in the future. Was there, observers speculated, a window of opportunity here? Does the birth of a child constitute a “magic moment” at which the “right” policy interventions could confirm and strengthen the relationship of poor unmarried parents and set the family on a path to stability and economic self-sufficiency?

    But at the same time, researchers raised warning flags—large proportions of these parents have low education and few skills, unstable work histories, and poverty-level earnings. Indeed, a number of studies have established that low-income, unmarried parents face formidable barriers to forming stable relationships.[...]

    What circumstances are likely to drive unmarried parents apart, what keep them together? Representative, longitudinal data exploring this issue have been meager, especially for fathers. Now, a study of young unmarried parents in Oakland, California, that is part of the Fragile Families project examines changes in relationships between unmarried parents during the year after their child’s birth. (author introduction)

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