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SSRC Library

The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

Writing a paper? Working on a literature review? Citing research in a funding proposal? Use the SSRC Citation Assistance Tool to compile citations.

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The SSRC Library includes resources which may be available only via journal subscription. The SSRC may be able to provide users without subscription access to a particular journal with a single use copy of the full text.  Please email the SSRC with your request.

The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Davis, Dana-Ain; Aparicio, Ana; Jacobs, Audrey; Kochiyama, Akemi; Queeley, Andrea; Thompson, Beverley Yuen; Mullings, Leith
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2002

    In 1996, President Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, popularly known as welfare reform. Title I of this legislation replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) entitlement program with Temporary Assistance for Needy Family (TANF). TANF is a block grant from the federal government that provides states with an annual Family Assistance grant. There is a five-year lifetime limit on the receipt of TANF funds and after two years all able-bodied recipients must work full time for their benefits.

    Conservative and neo-liberal politicians have lauded the success of welfare reform for decreasing the welfare rolls in the media. However, recent scholarship has pointed to the disproportionate impact of welfare reform policy on communities of color. Economic vulnerabilities due to race and ethnicity have long been one aspect of poverty. The racial imbalance of who constitutes the poor has been accentuated by welfare reform policy, as immigrants, Latina, African American and Asian women absorb the punitive aspects of...

    In 1996, President Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, popularly known as welfare reform. Title I of this legislation replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) entitlement program with Temporary Assistance for Needy Family (TANF). TANF is a block grant from the federal government that provides states with an annual Family Assistance grant. There is a five-year lifetime limit on the receipt of TANF funds and after two years all able-bodied recipients must work full time for their benefits.

    Conservative and neo-liberal politicians have lauded the success of welfare reform for decreasing the welfare rolls in the media. However, recent scholarship has pointed to the disproportionate impact of welfare reform policy on communities of color. Economic vulnerabilities due to race and ethnicity have long been one aspect of poverty. The racial imbalance of who constitutes the poor has been accentuated by welfare reform policy, as immigrants, Latina, African American and Asian women absorb the punitive aspects of welfare reform.

    To address these issues, the New York State Scholar Practitioner Team sponsored by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation’s Devolution Initiative developed the Community Outreach and Research Project. This project was organized in concert with three other New York State Devolution Initiative grantees: The Children’s Defense Fund-NY, Inc; Citizens Action of New York; and Citizens’ Committee for Children. The project also benefited from the support of the New York Immigration Coalition. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Martinson, Karin; Harvill, Eleanor; Litwok, Daniel; Schwartz, Deena; De La Rosa, Siobhan Mills; Saunders, Correne; Bell, Stephen
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2019

    This report describes the implementation and impact study findings from an evaluation of the relative effectiveness of two approaches to providing job search assistance (JSA) to cash assistance applicants in New York City. From 2015 to 2016, the New York City Department of Social Services/Human Resources Administration administered two JSA programs for “job ready” cash assistance applicants: Back to Work (known as B2W, the pre-existing program) and Independent Job Search (IJS, a new program). The study examined the effects of these programs on cash assistance applicants, including both families with children and single, childless adults, who were determined to be able to work and who might need less job search assistance than other applicants.

    Using a rigorous research design, the study did not find a difference in employment rates or earnings during the six month follow-up period. However, compared to the IJS program, the B2W program increased the rate at which cash assistance applications were denied for not meeting application requirements and decreased the receipt of...

    This report describes the implementation and impact study findings from an evaluation of the relative effectiveness of two approaches to providing job search assistance (JSA) to cash assistance applicants in New York City. From 2015 to 2016, the New York City Department of Social Services/Human Resources Administration administered two JSA programs for “job ready” cash assistance applicants: Back to Work (known as B2W, the pre-existing program) and Independent Job Search (IJS, a new program). The study examined the effects of these programs on cash assistance applicants, including both families with children and single, childless adults, who were determined to be able to work and who might need less job search assistance than other applicants.

    Using a rigorous research design, the study did not find a difference in employment rates or earnings during the six month follow-up period. However, compared to the IJS program, the B2W program increased the rate at which cash assistance applications were denied for not meeting application requirements and decreased the receipt of cash assistance and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits. While participation in job search assistance services was high for both groups, compared to IJS, those assigned to the B2W program were more likely to participate in group and one-on-one activities and to attend these activities for a greater number of hours. (Edited author introduction)