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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: U.S. Congress
    Reference Type: Statute
    Year: 1935

    This statute established the U.S. Social Security system.  It provided benefits to the disabled and unemployed and included titles relating to social supports for the elderly, the blind, women and children, as well as established the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program. 

    This statute established the U.S. Social Security system.  It provided benefits to the disabled and unemployed and included titles relating to social supports for the elderly, the blind, women and children, as well as established the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program. 

  • Individual Author: U.S. Congress
    Reference Type: Statute
    Year: 1935

    This statute implements the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and outlines it primary purposes relating to job preparation, work and marriage.

    The publication date noted for this Title reflects the original date the Social Security Act was enacted and not subsequent amendments made to the Act.

    This statute implements the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and outlines it primary purposes relating to job preparation, work and marriage.

    The publication date noted for this Title reflects the original date the Social Security Act was enacted and not subsequent amendments made to the Act.

  • Individual Author: U.S. Congress
    Reference Type: Statute
    Year: 1988

    This statute made several changes that affect the Child Support Enforcement program under title IV-D of the Social Security Act, relating to paternity establishment, wage withholding, and job opportunities and basic skills training.

    Public Law No. 100-485 (1988).

     

    This statute made several changes that affect the Child Support Enforcement program under title IV-D of the Social Security Act, relating to paternity establishment, wage withholding, and job opportunities and basic skills training.

    Public Law No. 100-485 (1988).

     

  • Individual Author: U.S. Congress
    Reference Type: Statute
    Year: 1992

    This statute made it a Federal crime to willfully fail to pay support for a child living in another State. The elements of this crime included that the support remained past due for over a year or totaled more than $5,000. 

    Public Law No. 102-521 (1992). 

     

    This statute made it a Federal crime to willfully fail to pay support for a child living in another State. The elements of this crime included that the support remained past due for over a year or totaled more than $5,000. 

    Public Law No. 102-521 (1992). 

     

  • Individual Author: Bassi, Laurie J.; Lerman, Robert I.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 1996

    Over the last two decades, Congress has passed several laws intended to increase the number and the amount of child support awards, as well as the capacity to collect these awards. Amendments to the Social Security Act in 1975, 1984, 1988, and 1993 mandated the development and use of award standards and expanded the tools for establishing paternity, establishing new child support awards, and collecting child support due to the custodial parent. If operated as intended, these new requirements will raise the level of support awards and the proportion of awards actually collected. However, the actual effects will depend on the responses to increased disincentives to report income and to make support payments. One disincentive arises from state guidelines that implicitly or explicitly create a direct link between child support obligations and income. Obligations thus become an "income tax" on the noncustodial parent's income—a tax that reduces the effective (i.e., after-tax) wage rate of that parent. When the child support "tax" is added to the other taxes (federal, state, and FICA...

    Over the last two decades, Congress has passed several laws intended to increase the number and the amount of child support awards, as well as the capacity to collect these awards. Amendments to the Social Security Act in 1975, 1984, 1988, and 1993 mandated the development and use of award standards and expanded the tools for establishing paternity, establishing new child support awards, and collecting child support due to the custodial parent. If operated as intended, these new requirements will raise the level of support awards and the proportion of awards actually collected. However, the actual effects will depend on the responses to increased disincentives to report income and to make support payments. One disincentive arises from state guidelines that implicitly or explicitly create a direct link between child support obligations and income. Obligations thus become an "income tax" on the noncustodial parent's income—a tax that reduces the effective (i.e., after-tax) wage rate of that parent. When the child support "tax" is added to the other taxes (federal, state, and FICA), many noncustodial parents face high marginal tax rates. Low income noncustodial parents face the highest rates— potentially in excess of 70 percent.'

    The second disincentive is that child support payments paid to custodial parents receiving a welfare payment go mainly to offset government welfare spending instead of raising the incomes of the children. Custodial parents receiving AFDC can keep only the first $50 in monthly child support payments, but the remaining support payments go to offset AFDC benefits. Because nearly all AFDC families also receive food stamps, the net gain can actually fall to $35 per month of the noncustodial parent's support payment. If the custodial parent receives only food stamps, the net income gain from the receipt of child support will be 70 percent of the actual payments. (author abstract)

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