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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Flanagan, Constance; Levine, Peter
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2010

    Constance Flanagan and Peter Levine survey research on civic engagement among U.S. adolescents and young adults. Civic engagement, they say, is important both for the functioning of democracies and for the growth and maturation it encourages in young adults, but opportunities for civic engagement are not evenly distributed by social class or race and ethnicity.

    Today’s young adults, note the authors, are less likely than those in earlier generations to exhibit many important characteristics of citizenship, raising the question of whether these differences represent a decline or simply a delay in traditional adult patterns of civic engagement. Flanagan and Levine also briefly discuss the civic and political lives of immigrant youth in the United States, noting that because these youth make up a significant share of the current generation of young adults, their civic engagement is an important barometer of the future of democracy.

    The authors next survey differences in civic participation for youth from different social, racial, and ethnic backgrounds. They explore...

    Constance Flanagan and Peter Levine survey research on civic engagement among U.S. adolescents and young adults. Civic engagement, they say, is important both for the functioning of democracies and for the growth and maturation it encourages in young adults, but opportunities for civic engagement are not evenly distributed by social class or race and ethnicity.

    Today’s young adults, note the authors, are less likely than those in earlier generations to exhibit many important characteristics of citizenship, raising the question of whether these differences represent a decline or simply a delay in traditional adult patterns of civic engagement. Flanagan and Levine also briefly discuss the civic and political lives of immigrant youth in the United States, noting that because these youth make up a significant share of the current generation of young adults, their civic engagement is an important barometer of the future of democracy.

    The authors next survey differences in civic participation for youth from different social, racial, and ethnic backgrounds. They explore two sets of factors that contribute to a lower rate of civic engagement among low-income and minority young adults. The first is cumulative disadvantage—unequal opportunities and influences before adulthood, especially parental education. The second is different institutional opportunities for civic engagement among college and non- college youth during the young-adult years. Flanagan and Levine survey various settings where young adults spend time—schools and colleges, community organizations, faith-based institutions, community organizing and activism projects, and military and other voluntary service programs—and examine the opportunities for civic engagement that each affords.

    As the transition to adulthood has lengthened, say the authors, colleges have become perhaps the central institution for civic incorporation of younger generations. But no comparable institution exists for young adults who do not attend college. Opportunities for sustained civic engagement by year-long programs such as City Year could provide an alternative opportunity for civic engagement for young adults from disadvantaged families, allowing them to stay connected to mainstream opportunities and to adults who could mentor and guide their way. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Durham, Christin; Eyster, Lauren ; Mikelson, Kelly S.; Cohen, Elissa
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2017

    The Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training (TAACCCT) grant program is a $2 billion federal workforce investment aimed at helping community colleges across the nation increase their capacity to provide education and training programs for in-demand jobs. The US Department of Labor (DOL) administers the seven year grant program in partnership with the US Department of Education. This brief presents preliminary results on key outcomes and characteristics of grant-funded program participants from the first four years of TAACCCT. The TAACCCT grant program is primarily focused on capacity building and sustainability, with grant funding directed at institution building rather than at tuition assistance for students to help them pay for education and training. Therefore, a key measure of TAACCCT progress and success is the number of programs of study created using grant funding, which is included in the discussion below. However, this brief mainly focuses on who grantfunded programs are serving and their educational and employment outcomes. DOL collects annual...

    The Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training (TAACCCT) grant program is a $2 billion federal workforce investment aimed at helping community colleges across the nation increase their capacity to provide education and training programs for in-demand jobs. The US Department of Labor (DOL) administers the seven year grant program in partnership with the US Department of Education. This brief presents preliminary results on key outcomes and characteristics of grant-funded program participants from the first four years of TAACCCT. The TAACCCT grant program is primarily focused on capacity building and sustainability, with grant funding directed at institution building rather than at tuition assistance for students to help them pay for education and training. Therefore, a key measure of TAACCCT progress and success is the number of programs of study created using grant funding, which is included in the discussion below. However, this brief mainly focuses on who grantfunded programs are serving and their educational and employment outcomes. DOL collects annual performance report (APR) data from TAACCCT grantees. Those data, covering the program period up through September 30, 2015, provide information on grant-funded program participant characteristics and outcomes. Participant characteristics described include basic demographics, school enrollmentand work status, veteran status, whether an individual has a disability, Pell grant eligibility, and Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) eligibility. Preliminary participant outcomes presented focus on shortterm education and employment outcomes for participants (i.e., outcomes experienced while enrolled in a TAACCCT-funded program of study or within the first three quarters after program completion and exit from the institution). The brief concludes with a discussion of observations and future products wewill develop as part of the TAACCCT national evaluation. (Author abstract) 

  • Individual Author: O'Neill, David M. ; O'Neill, June Ellenoff
    Reference Type: Book Chapter/Book
    Year: 1997

    O'Neill and O'Neill compile and analyze data that identifies historical trends in the AFDC caseload, the personal characteristics of recipients, and broad patterns of welfare participation. They also offer an evaluative survey on the effectiveness of past education, training and workfare programs in reducing the AFDC caseload.

    The result is a book that offers thoughtful analyses on several crucial questions facing state policy makers as a result of welfare. (Publisher abstract)

     

    Contents

    1 Introduction

    Notes

    2 Program Description and Sources of Caseload Growth

    Program Description

    Sources of Caseload Growth

    Notes

    3 Patterns of Welfare and Work Participation and Their Correlates

    Overview of Welfare Participation

    Incidence and Duration of Welfare Participation: The Role of Marital Status and Age of Birth of First Child

    Characteristics of Nonparticipants and of Welfare Leavers and Stayers

    Work Outcomes of Former Welfare Recipients

    ...

    O'Neill and O'Neill compile and analyze data that identifies historical trends in the AFDC caseload, the personal characteristics of recipients, and broad patterns of welfare participation. They also offer an evaluative survey on the effectiveness of past education, training and workfare programs in reducing the AFDC caseload.

    The result is a book that offers thoughtful analyses on several crucial questions facing state policy makers as a result of welfare. (Publisher abstract)

     

    Contents

    1 Introduction

    Notes

    2 Program Description and Sources of Caseload Growth

    Program Description

    Sources of Caseload Growth

    Notes

    3 Patterns of Welfare and Work Participation and Their Correlates

    Overview of Welfare Participation

    Incidence and Duration of Welfare Participation: The Role of Marital Status and Age of Birth of First Child

    Characteristics of Nonparticipants and of Welfare Leavers and Stayers

    Work Outcomes of Former Welfare Recipients

    Notes

    4 The Effectiveness of Education, Work and Training Programs for Reducing Welfare Dependence

    Education, Work, and Training Programs for Post-teenage Mothers

    Education and Other Services Especially for Teenage Mothers

    Workfare

    Summary

    Notes

    5 Administrative and Incentive Changes Under the Jobs Program

    Administrative Objectives Under JOBS

    Program Experiments by State under the JOBS Waiver Program

    Notes

    6 Summary and Concluding Comments

    The Effect of Financial Incentives

    Characteristics of the Welfare Population

    The Effectiveness of Welfare-to-Work Programs

    Prevention Versus Rehabilitation

    Notes

  • Individual Author: Cerf, Benjamin; Leach, Mark A.; Mitchell, Josh; Shattuck, Rachel M.
    Year: 2017

    This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop summarizes how the great recession of 2007-2010 has exacerbated the economic instability of many U.S. families, and how it has renewed Congressional interest in evaluating programs like SNAP, WIC, and TANF.

    This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop summarizes how the great recession of 2007-2010 has exacerbated the economic instability of many U.S. families, and how it has renewed Congressional interest in evaluating programs like SNAP, WIC, and TANF.

  • Individual Author: Levesque, Karen; Lauen, Doug; Teitelbaum, Peter; Alt, Martha; Librera, Sally
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2000

    Vocational education at the turn of the century is an enterprise in transition. This publication addresses the primary question about the size of the enterprise at the secondary and postsecondary levels and whether it is growing, shrinking, or holding constant over time. The report also examines high school transcripts and presents findings about the academic preparation of high school students who participate in vocational education, relevant school reform efforts, and transitions after high school. To set the context for understanding these findings, the report describes economic and labor market trends and their implications for vocational programs, as well as changing workplace practices and employer perspectives on worker skills and proficiency. (Author abstract)

    Vocational education at the turn of the century is an enterprise in transition. This publication addresses the primary question about the size of the enterprise at the secondary and postsecondary levels and whether it is growing, shrinking, or holding constant over time. The report also examines high school transcripts and presents findings about the academic preparation of high school students who participate in vocational education, relevant school reform efforts, and transitions after high school. To set the context for understanding these findings, the report describes economic and labor market trends and their implications for vocational programs, as well as changing workplace practices and employer perspectives on worker skills and proficiency. (Author abstract)

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