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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: La Vigne, Nancy G.; Mamalian, Cynthia A.; Travis, Jeremy; Visher, Christy
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2003

    The number of people released from Illinois prisons increased by 157 percent over the past two decades. Half of those released from prison in 2001 returned to the city of Chicago, and many were even more concentrated within a few distressed neighborhoods. This report describes the process of prisoner reentry in Illinois by examining the policy context surrounding reentry, the characteristics of Illinois' returning inmates, the geographic distribution of returning prisoners, and the social and economic climates of the communities that are home to the highest concentrations of returning prisoners. (author abstract)

    The number of people released from Illinois prisons increased by 157 percent over the past two decades. Half of those released from prison in 2001 returned to the city of Chicago, and many were even more concentrated within a few distressed neighborhoods. This report describes the process of prisoner reentry in Illinois by examining the policy context surrounding reentry, the characteristics of Illinois' returning inmates, the geographic distribution of returning prisoners, and the social and economic climates of the communities that are home to the highest concentrations of returning prisoners. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: The Pew Charitable Trusts
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2010

    Currently 2.3 million Americans are behind bars, equaling more than 1 in 100 adults. Up from just 500,000 in 1980, this marks more than a 300 percent increase in the United States’ incarcerated population and represents the highest rate of incarceration in the world.

    Over the last four years, The Pew Charitable Trusts has documented the enormous expense of building prisons and housing inmates that is borne by states and the federal government. Indeed, in the face of gaping budget shortfalls, more than half of the states are now seeking alternative sentencing and corrections strategies that cost less than prison, but can protect public safety and hold offenders accountable. A less explored fiscal implication of incarceration is its impact on former inmates’ economic opportunity and mobility...

    Incarceration affects an inmate’s path to prosperity. Collateral Costs quantifies the size of that effect, not only on offenders but on their families and children. Before being incarcerated more than two-thirds of male inmates were employed and more than half were the primary...

    Currently 2.3 million Americans are behind bars, equaling more than 1 in 100 adults. Up from just 500,000 in 1980, this marks more than a 300 percent increase in the United States’ incarcerated population and represents the highest rate of incarceration in the world.

    Over the last four years, The Pew Charitable Trusts has documented the enormous expense of building prisons and housing inmates that is borne by states and the federal government. Indeed, in the face of gaping budget shortfalls, more than half of the states are now seeking alternative sentencing and corrections strategies that cost less than prison, but can protect public safety and hold offenders accountable. A less explored fiscal implication of incarceration is its impact on former inmates’ economic opportunity and mobility...

    Incarceration affects an inmate’s path to prosperity. Collateral Costs quantifies the size of that effect, not only on offenders but on their families and children. Before being incarcerated more than two-thirds of male inmates were employed and more than half were the primary source of financial support for their children. Incarceration carries significant and enduring economic repercussions for the remainder of the person’s working years. This report finds that former inmates work fewer weeks each year, earn less money and have limited upward mobility. These costs are borne by offenders’ families and communities, and they reverberate across generations. (author introduction)

  • Individual Author: Shierholz, Heidi S.
    Reference Type: Thesis
    Year: 2005

    Each of the main chapters in this dissertation deal broadly with issues of poverty and inequality in the United States from an empirical microeconomics perspective. I approach these issues from two distinct angles. First, I examine various aspects of a large government transfer program that has received virtually no research attention from economists---the public provision of attorneys for poor people accused of crimes. One primary question I investigate is whether defendants who take up the services of a publicly provided attorney have better or worse case outcomes than they would have had they retained a private attorney. I use an instrumental variables approach to address nonrandom selection into the population of defendants who have a publicly provided attorney, where the instrument comes from county-level variation in eligibility screening practices. This approach identifies the effect on case outcomes of having a publicly provided attorney for defendants near the border of eligibility. I find that these marginal defendants have better case outcomes with a publicly provided...

    Each of the main chapters in this dissertation deal broadly with issues of poverty and inequality in the United States from an empirical microeconomics perspective. I approach these issues from two distinct angles. First, I examine various aspects of a large government transfer program that has received virtually no research attention from economists---the public provision of attorneys for poor people accused of crimes. One primary question I investigate is whether defendants who take up the services of a publicly provided attorney have better or worse case outcomes than they would have had they retained a private attorney. I use an instrumental variables approach to address nonrandom selection into the population of defendants who have a publicly provided attorney, where the instrument comes from county-level variation in eligibility screening practices. This approach identifies the effect on case outcomes of having a publicly provided attorney for defendants near the border of eligibility. I find that these marginal defendants have better case outcomes with a publicly provided attorney than they would have had with the private alternatives they could afford. Importantly, these results are agnostic about whether publicly provided attorneys are as effective on average as their private counterparts, but they do show that public attorneys are providing a valuable service to their target population.

    Second, I conduct an investigation of the gap in wages between men and women in the United States over the last twenty-five years. The gender wage gap declined dramatically during the entire period from 1979 to 2003 with the exception of a level period in the mid- to late-nineties. We offer an explicit treatment of age cohorts in an attempt to untangle wage differences between cohorts from the trends over time within cohorts. We find that the impressive decline in the gender wage gap in the 1980's was due largely to the fact that baby boomer women were much more positively selected into the labor force in their thirties than the cohort they replaced. The leveling-off of the wage gap in the 1990s was due to the fact that the baby boomer selectivity effect was a one-time shot; baby boomer women had very different selectivity in their thirties than the cohort that preceded them, but later cohorts were very much like the baby boomers. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Harris, Yvette R.; Graham, James A.; Carpenter, Gloria J. O.
    Reference Type: Book Chapter/Book
    Year: 2010

    This book serves as a comprehensive source for understanding and intervening with children of incarcerated parents. The text examines the daunting clinical implications inherent in trauma throughout development, as well as social and political roles in ameliorating intergenerational delinquency. This book conceptualizes the problem by using an ecological framework that is focused on the experience of the child.

    Children of Incarcerated Parents addresses developmental and clinical issues experienced throughout the trajectory of childhood and adolescence with a focus on interventions and social policies to improve outcomes for this under-studied group.The chapters explore individual, community, and national levels of policy, programming, and legislation. (author abstract)

    Table of Contents:

    Section One: Framework

    Chapter One: The Changing Landscape in the American Prison Population: Implications for Children of Incarcerated Parents, James A. Graham, Yvette R. Harris, and Gloria J. Oliver Carpenter

    Chapter Two: Parents "in...

    This book serves as a comprehensive source for understanding and intervening with children of incarcerated parents. The text examines the daunting clinical implications inherent in trauma throughout development, as well as social and political roles in ameliorating intergenerational delinquency. This book conceptualizes the problem by using an ecological framework that is focused on the experience of the child.

    Children of Incarcerated Parents addresses developmental and clinical issues experienced throughout the trajectory of childhood and adolescence with a focus on interventions and social policies to improve outcomes for this under-studied group.The chapters explore individual, community, and national levels of policy, programming, and legislation. (author abstract)

    Table of Contents:

    Section One: Framework

    Chapter One: The Changing Landscape in the American Prison Population: Implications for Children of Incarcerated Parents, James A. Graham, Yvette R. Harris, and Gloria J. Oliver Carpenter

    Chapter Two: Parents "in the System:" An Ecological Systems Approach to the Development of Children with Incarcerated Parents, Tabitha R. Holmes, Kimberley Belmonte, Margaret Wentworth, and Kathleen Tillman

    Section Two: Developmental Trajectories

    Chapter Three: Children of Incarcerated Parents: Developmental Trajectories Among School-Age Children, Sophie Naudeau

    Chapter Four: Children of Promise, Kathy Boudin and Sarah Zeller-Berkman

    Section Three: Environmental Considerations

    Chapter Five: The Effects of Incarceration on Neighborhoods and Communities, He Len Chung and Daniel McFadden

    Chapter Six: Living Arrangements of Children of Incarcerated Parents: The Roles of Stability, Embeddedness, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity, Holly Foster

    Section Four: Parenting from Prison

    Chapter Seven: Building Partnerships to Strengthen Families: Intervention Programs and Recommendations, Kristina Toth and Kerry Kazura

    Chapter Eight: Strengthening Parent-Child Relationships:Visit Coaching with Children and their Incarcerated Parents, Marty Beyer, Randi Blumenthal-Guigui, and Tanya Krupat

    Section Five: Current and Future Directions

    Chapter Nine: Child Welfare Legislation and Policies: Foster Children with a Parent in Prison, Adela Beckerman

    Chapter Ten: Service Planning and Intervention Development for Children of Incarcerated Parents, Susan D. Phillips

    Chapter Eleven: The Challenge of Family Reunification, Yvette R. Harris, Vanessa A. Harris, James A. Graham, and Gloria J. Oliver Carpenter

    Chapter Twelve: Research and Intervention Issues for Moving Forward with Development in Children of Incarcerated Parents, Gloria J. Oliver Carpenter, James A. Graham, and Yvette R. Harris

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