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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan, Michigan Program on Poverty and Social Welfare Policy
    Reference Type: Dataset
    Year: 2004

    Description: The Women’s Employment Study (WES) is a five wave panel study of women who resided in one urban Michigan county and received cash welfare in February, 1997 through the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program. The primary purpose of the study is to examine barriers to employment.

    Population: Women residing in one urban Michigan county, consisting of nearly equal levels of African American and white samples. Data collected through in-person interviews. Sample sizes for each wave: 753, 693, 632, 577, 536.

    Periodicity: Data collected in five survey waves, during the Falls of 1997-2003.

    (Information adapted from the publisher)

    For more information, please see the Compendium of Family-Self Sufficiency Databases.

    Description: The Women’s Employment Study (WES) is a five wave panel study of women who resided in one urban Michigan county and received cash welfare in February, 1997 through the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program. The primary purpose of the study is to examine barriers to employment.

    Population: Women residing in one urban Michigan county, consisting of nearly equal levels of African American and white samples. Data collected through in-person interviews. Sample sizes for each wave: 753, 693, 632, 577, 536.

    Periodicity: Data collected in five survey waves, during the Falls of 1997-2003.

    (Information adapted from the publisher)

    For more information, please see the Compendium of Family-Self Sufficiency Databases.

  • Individual Author: U.S. Census Bureau
    Reference Type: Dataset
    Year: 2012

    Description: Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) is an innovative program within the U.S. Census Bureau which uses modern statistical and computing techniques to combine federal and state administrative data on employers and employees with core Census Bureau surveys while protecting the confidentiality of people and firms that provide the data.

    Population: Data from Census Bureau merged with state-reported unemployment and business-establishment records (all 50 states are currently in LED partnership as of 2010).

    Periodicity: Data started being collected in 1998-1999. States supply quarterly data each year.

    (Information adapted from the publisher)

    For more information, please see the Compendium of Family-Self Sufficiency Databases.

    Description: Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) is an innovative program within the U.S. Census Bureau which uses modern statistical and computing techniques to combine federal and state administrative data on employers and employees with core Census Bureau surveys while protecting the confidentiality of people and firms that provide the data.

    Population: Data from Census Bureau merged with state-reported unemployment and business-establishment records (all 50 states are currently in LED partnership as of 2010).

    Periodicity: Data started being collected in 1998-1999. States supply quarterly data each year.

    (Information adapted from the publisher)

    For more information, please see the Compendium of Family-Self Sufficiency Databases.

  • Individual Author: Bureau of Labor Statistics
    Reference Type: Dataset, Report
    Year: 2018

    From April to July 2018, the number of employed youth 16 to 24 years old increased by 2.0 million to 20.9 million, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This year, 55.0 percent of young people were employed in July, little changed from a year earlier. (The month of July typically is the summertime peak in youth employment.) The unemployment rate for youth was 9.2 percent in July, also little changed from July 2017. (Because this analysis focuses on the seasonal changes in youth employment and unemployment that occur each spring and summer, the data are not seasonally adjusted.) (Author introduction)

    From April to July 2018, the number of employed youth 16 to 24 years old increased by 2.0 million to 20.9 million, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This year, 55.0 percent of young people were employed in July, little changed from a year earlier. (The month of July typically is the summertime peak in youth employment.) The unemployment rate for youth was 9.2 percent in July, also little changed from July 2017. (Because this analysis focuses on the seasonal changes in youth employment and unemployment that occur each spring and summer, the data are not seasonally adjusted.) (Author introduction)

  • Individual Author: Heffernan, Christine; Goehring, Benjamin; Hecker, Ian; Giannarelli, Linda; Minton, Sarah
    Reference Type: Dataset, Report
    Year: 2018

    The purpose of this publication—the Welfare Rules Database’s annual Databook—is to provide researchers and policymakers with easy access to detailed information on how states provide cash assistance under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. The dozens of tables in this book collectively describe how states determine eligibility for TANF benefits, how they compute program benefits for eligible families, and the work requirements and time limits that they impose. In Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 2017, 1.095 million families received cash aid from TANF in the average month.

    This publication presents the key policies that each state used to determine cash aid under the TANF program as of July 2017. The Databook also provides longitudinal tables describing various state policies for selected years between 1996 and 2017. All the tables in this publication are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database funded by the Department of Health and Human Services and developed and maintained by the Urban...

    The purpose of this publication—the Welfare Rules Database’s annual Databook—is to provide researchers and policymakers with easy access to detailed information on how states provide cash assistance under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. The dozens of tables in this book collectively describe how states determine eligibility for TANF benefits, how they compute program benefits for eligible families, and the work requirements and time limits that they impose. In Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 2017, 1.095 million families received cash aid from TANF in the average month.

    This publication presents the key policies that each state used to determine cash aid under the TANF program as of July 2017. The Databook also provides longitudinal tables describing various state policies for selected years between 1996 and 2017. All the tables in this publication are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database funded by the Department of Health and Human Services and developed and maintained by the Urban Institute. The Databook summarizes the more detailed information in the WRD. Users interested in more information than is provided in this Databook are encouraged to use the full database, available at https://wrd.urban.org. This site includes a point-and-click interface, as well as extensive documentation. (Edited author introduction)

  • Individual Author: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, and U.S. Census Bureau
    Reference Type: Dataset
    Year: 2011

    Description: The Current Population Survey (CPS), sponsored jointly by the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is the primary source of labor force statistics for the population of the United States. The CPS provides numerous high-profile economic statistics, including the national unemployment rate, and includes data on a wide range of issues relating to employment and earnings. The CPS also collects extensive demographic data that complement and enhance the understanding of labor market conditions in the nation overall, among many different population groups in the states and in sub-state areas.

    Population: Sample of 60,000 households for nationally representative sample. Basic survey administered with some individual follow-up calls.

    Periodicity: Conducted monthly since 1940 – major redesign occurred in 1994.

    Additional relevant topics covered in this dataset: Benefits

    (Information adapted from the publisher)

    For more information, please see the...

    Description: The Current Population Survey (CPS), sponsored jointly by the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is the primary source of labor force statistics for the population of the United States. The CPS provides numerous high-profile economic statistics, including the national unemployment rate, and includes data on a wide range of issues relating to employment and earnings. The CPS also collects extensive demographic data that complement and enhance the understanding of labor market conditions in the nation overall, among many different population groups in the states and in sub-state areas.

    Population: Sample of 60,000 households for nationally representative sample. Basic survey administered with some individual follow-up calls.

    Periodicity: Conducted monthly since 1940 – major redesign occurred in 1994.

    Additional relevant topics covered in this dataset: Benefits

    (Information adapted from the publisher)

    For more information, please see the Compendium of Family-Self Sufficiency Databases.

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