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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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The SSRC Library includes resources which may be available only via journal subscription. The SSRC may be able to provide users without subscription access to a particular journal with a single use copy of the full text.  Please email the SSRC with your request.

The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Heffernan, Christine; Goehring, Benjamin; Hecker, Ian; Giannarelli, Linda; Minton, Sarah
    Reference Type: Dataset, Report
    Year: 2018

    The purpose of this publication—the Welfare Rules Database’s annual Databook—is to provide researchers and policymakers with easy access to detailed information on how states provide cash assistance under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. The dozens of tables in this book collectively describe how states determine eligibility for TANF benefits, how they compute program benefits for eligible families, and the work requirements and time limits that they impose. In Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 2017, 1.095 million families received cash aid from TANF in the average month.

    This publication presents the key policies that each state used to determine cash aid under the TANF program as of July 2017. The Databook also provides longitudinal tables describing various state policies for selected years between 1996 and 2017. All the tables in this publication are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database funded by the Department of Health and Human Services and developed and maintained by the Urban...

    The purpose of this publication—the Welfare Rules Database’s annual Databook—is to provide researchers and policymakers with easy access to detailed information on how states provide cash assistance under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. The dozens of tables in this book collectively describe how states determine eligibility for TANF benefits, how they compute program benefits for eligible families, and the work requirements and time limits that they impose. In Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 2017, 1.095 million families received cash aid from TANF in the average month.

    This publication presents the key policies that each state used to determine cash aid under the TANF program as of July 2017. The Databook also provides longitudinal tables describing various state policies for selected years between 1996 and 2017. All the tables in this publication are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database funded by the Department of Health and Human Services and developed and maintained by the Urban Institute. The Databook summarizes the more detailed information in the WRD. Users interested in more information than is provided in this Databook are encouraged to use the full database, available at https://wrd.urban.org. This site includes a point-and-click interface, as well as extensive documentation. (Edited author introduction)

  • Individual Author: Rowe, Gretchen; Murphy, Mary; Mon, Ei Yin
    Reference Type: Dataset, Report
    Year: 2010

    This publication provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2009, as well as longitudinal table is describing various state policies for select years between 1996 and 2009. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database originally developed under the Urban Institute’s Assessing the New Federalism project. The Databook is divided into five groups of tables: initial eligibility in 2009; benefits in 2009; requirements in 2009; ongoing eligibility in 2009; and policies across time, 1996–2009. Each chapter begins with an overview of the policies, followed by details relating to specific tables. The Databook summarizes the detailed information in the WRD. Users interested in a greater level of detail are encouraged to use the full database, available at http://anfdata.urban.org/wrd/WRDWelcome.cfm. This site includes a point-and-click interface, as well as documentation. (author abstract)

    This publication provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2009, as well as longitudinal table is describing various state policies for select years between 1996 and 2009. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database originally developed under the Urban Institute’s Assessing the New Federalism project. The Databook is divided into five groups of tables: initial eligibility in 2009; benefits in 2009; requirements in 2009; ongoing eligibility in 2009; and policies across time, 1996–2009. Each chapter begins with an overview of the policies, followed by details relating to specific tables. The Databook summarizes the detailed information in the WRD. Users interested in a greater level of detail are encouraged to use the full database, available at http://anfdata.urban.org/wrd/WRDWelcome.cfm. This site includes a point-and-click interface, as well as documentation. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Rowe, Gretchen; Murphy, Mary
    Reference Type: Dataset, Report
    Year: 2009

    The Welfare Rules Databook, provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2008, as well as longitudinal tables describing selected state policies from 1996 through 2008. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database tracking state cash assistance policies over time and across the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Databook summarizes a subset of the information in the WRD. Users interested in a greater level of detail are encouraged to use the full database, available at http://anfdata.urban.org/wrd. (author abstract)

    The Welfare Rules Databook, provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2008, as well as longitudinal tables describing selected state policies from 1996 through 2008. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database tracking state cash assistance policies over time and across the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Databook summarizes a subset of the information in the WRD. Users interested in a greater level of detail are encouraged to use the full database, available at http://anfdata.urban.org/wrd. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Kassabian, David; Vericker, Tracy; Searle, David; Murphy, Tracy
    Reference Type: Dataset, Report
    Year: 2011

    The Welfare Rules Databook, provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2010, as well as longitudinal tables describing selected state policies from 1996 through 2010. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database tracking state cash assistance policies over time and across the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Databook summarizes a subset of the information in the WRD. Users interested in a greater level of detail are encouraged to use the full database, available at http://anfdata.urban.org/wrd/.(author abstract)

    The Welfare Rules Databook, provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2010, as well as longitudinal tables describing selected state policies from 1996 through 2010. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database tracking state cash assistance policies over time and across the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Databook summarizes a subset of the information in the WRD. Users interested in a greater level of detail are encouraged to use the full database, available at http://anfdata.urban.org/wrd/.(author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Rowe, Gretchen; Murphy, Mary
    Reference Type: Dataset, Report
    Year: 2007

    The Welfare Rules Databook, provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2006, as well as longitudinal tables describing selected state policies from 1996 through 2006. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database tracking state cash assistance policies over time and across the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Databook summarizes a subset of the information in the WRD. Users interested in a greater level of detail are encouraged to use the full database, available at http://anfdata.urban.org/wrd. (author abstract)

    The Welfare Rules Databook, provides tables containing key Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) policies for each state as of July 2006, as well as longitudinal tables describing selected state policies from 1996 through 2006. The tables are based on the information in the Welfare Rules Database (WRD), a publicly available, online database tracking state cash assistance policies over time and across the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Databook summarizes a subset of the information in the WRD. Users interested in a greater level of detail are encouraged to use the full database, available at http://anfdata.urban.org/wrd. (author abstract)