The Post Release Employment Project (PREP) was designed to evaluate the effect of industrial work experience (UNICOR), and vocational, and apprenticeship training programs on prison adjustment and post-release outcomes. Post release outcomes were defined as employment and recidivism. Short term recidivism -- up to 1 year -- was based on either a revocation of a term of supervision or re-arrest. Long term recidivism -- up to 12 years -- was defined as a revocation or re-incarceration following a conviction for a new offense. Previous findings (Saylor and Gaes, 1997) demonstrated that these kinds of programs inhibit prison misconduct, increase the likelihood of post release employment, and reduce post prison re-arrest and recommitment rates.
The purpose of this brief research note is to report further analyses of the PREP data which focuses on the differential effects of training programs on racial and ethnic groups. There has been some evidence that minorities may benefit more from industrial training than nonminorities. (author introduction)