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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Siegel, David. I.; Abbott, Ann
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2007

    This study investigates a random sample of people who left welfare and a similar sample who returned to welfare in a mid-Atlantic state in 2002. Findings show that child-care difficulties are important barriers to employment and that they are bound together with other conditions of poverty such as adverse neighborhood conditions and other deprivations. Child care provision becomes difficult when neighborhoods are infested with drugs or guns or when caregivers must spend too much time finding the means to pay bills or rent and put food on the table. For the poorest groups, all these conditions negatively impact quality of life. The study's findings suggest social policy revisions that emphasize programs to improve the children's neighborhood environment and means of socialization, supplement caregivers' income to levels sufficient to pay for child care, and remove inadequacies or inconsistencies in government child care provision. (Author abstract)

    This study investigates a random sample of people who left welfare and a similar sample who returned to welfare in a mid-Atlantic state in 2002. Findings show that child-care difficulties are important barriers to employment and that they are bound together with other conditions of poverty such as adverse neighborhood conditions and other deprivations. Child care provision becomes difficult when neighborhoods are infested with drugs or guns or when caregivers must spend too much time finding the means to pay bills or rent and put food on the table. For the poorest groups, all these conditions negatively impact quality of life. The study's findings suggest social policy revisions that emphasize programs to improve the children's neighborhood environment and means of socialization, supplement caregivers' income to levels sufficient to pay for child care, and remove inadequacies or inconsistencies in government child care provision. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Snyder, Kathleen ; Bernstein, Sara ; Koralek, Robin
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2006

    Child care subsidies are an important support service for families moving from welfare to work. The connections between child care and work, and the work oriented focus within the welfare system since welfare reform, have increased the need for links between the welfare-to-work and child care subsidy systems to ensure families receiving TANF and moving off TANF are connected to child care subsidies. This paper summarizes findings from the third phase of the study. It is based on focus groups conducted in four locations in 2003 with current TANF participants and parents who had left TANF within the past year and were receiving child care subsidies. The report examines how these parents accessed and retained child care subsidies as they moved through and off welfare. However, it is important to note that this study did not examine the experiences of families that were not using subsidies. As a consequence, this study provides important information to help us better understand how these systems and polices work for families in the system, but it does not represent the perspectives...

    Child care subsidies are an important support service for families moving from welfare to work. The connections between child care and work, and the work oriented focus within the welfare system since welfare reform, have increased the need for links between the welfare-to-work and child care subsidy systems to ensure families receiving TANF and moving off TANF are connected to child care subsidies. This paper summarizes findings from the third phase of the study. It is based on focus groups conducted in four locations in 2003 with current TANF participants and parents who had left TANF within the past year and were receiving child care subsidies. The report examines how these parents accessed and retained child care subsidies as they moved through and off welfare. However, it is important to note that this study did not examine the experiences of families that were not using subsidies. As a consequence, this study provides important information to help us better understand how these systems and polices work for families in the system, but it does not represent the perspectives of families that were unsuccessful in navigating these systems. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Schumacher, Rachel; Greenberg, Mark
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 1999

    In light of significant welfare caseload declines since the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996, many questions have been raised about the circumstances of families and children no longer receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance. In response to these questions, a number of states have initiated what have come to be known as "leaver" studies, examining the situations of families whose welfare cases have been closed. Initial study results found that a majority of survey respondents who had left welfare were now working, typically for more than thirty hours a week, and typically in jobs with wages below the poverty line. A number of the leaver studies also seek information concerning the child care arrangements or use of child care subsidies by families leaving welfare. This paper describes key findings from a review of data relevant to child care gathered through surveys of families who have left welfare. (author abstract)

    In light of significant welfare caseload declines since the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996, many questions have been raised about the circumstances of families and children no longer receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance. In response to these questions, a number of states have initiated what have come to be known as "leaver" studies, examining the situations of families whose welfare cases have been closed. Initial study results found that a majority of survey respondents who had left welfare were now working, typically for more than thirty hours a week, and typically in jobs with wages below the poverty line. A number of the leaver studies also seek information concerning the child care arrangements or use of child care subsidies by families leaving welfare. This paper describes key findings from a review of data relevant to child care gathered through surveys of families who have left welfare. (author abstract)

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