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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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The SSRC Library includes resources which may be available only via journal subscription. The SSRC may be able to provide users without subscription access to a particular journal with a single use copy of the full text.  Please email the SSRC with your request.

The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Lundberg, Shelly ; Pollack, Robert A. ; Stearns, Jenna
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2016

    Popular discussions of changes in American families over the past 60 years have revolved around the "retreat from marriage." Concern has focused on increasing levels of nonmarital childbearing, as well as falling marriage rates that stem from both increases in the age at first marriage and greater marital instability. Often lost in these discussions is the fact that the decline of marriage has coincided with a rise in cohabitation. Many "single" Americans now live with a domestic partner and a substantial fraction of "single" mothers are cohabiting, often with the child's father. The share of women who have ever cohabited has nearly doubled over the past 25 years, and the majority of nonmarital births now occur to cohabiting, rather than to unpartnered mothers, at all levels of education. The emergence of cohabitation as an alternative to marriage has been a key feature of the post–World War II transformation of the American family. These changes in the patterns and trajectories of family structure have a strong socioeconomic gradient. The important divide is between college...

    Popular discussions of changes in American families over the past 60 years have revolved around the "retreat from marriage." Concern has focused on increasing levels of nonmarital childbearing, as well as falling marriage rates that stem from both increases in the age at first marriage and greater marital instability. Often lost in these discussions is the fact that the decline of marriage has coincided with a rise in cohabitation. Many "single" Americans now live with a domestic partner and a substantial fraction of "single" mothers are cohabiting, often with the child's father. The share of women who have ever cohabited has nearly doubled over the past 25 years, and the majority of nonmarital births now occur to cohabiting, rather than to unpartnered mothers, at all levels of education. The emergence of cohabitation as an alternative to marriage has been a key feature of the post–World War II transformation of the American family. These changes in the patterns and trajectories of family structure have a strong socioeconomic gradient. The important divide is between college graduates and others: individuals who have attended college but do not have a four-year degree have family patterns and trajectories that are very similar to those of high school graduates. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Wood, Michelle; Gubits, Daniel; Dastrup, Sam; Dunton, Lauren; Wulff, Carli
    Reference Type: Conference Paper
    Year: 2016

    This video from the 2016 Research and Evaluation Conference on Self-Sufficiency (RECS) describes the Family Options Study, which is a random assignment study examining the impact of housing and services for homeless families in twelve communities across the United States. Topics covered include the study design, findings from the first 18 months, and the services needs of the families involved in the study.
    See fam more at:https://www.opressrc.org/content/workforce-innovation-and-opportunity-act-federal-interagency-coordination-state

    This video from the 2016 Research and Evaluation Conference on Self-Sufficiency (RECS) describes the Family Options Study, which is a random assignment study examining the impact of housing and services for homeless families in twelve communities across the United States. Topics covered include the study design, findings from the first 18 months, and the services needs of the families involved in the study.
    See fam more at:https://www.opressrc.org/content/workforce-innovation-and-opportunity-act-federal-interagency-coordination-state

  • Individual Author: Gleason, Elizabeth; Thiebaud Nicoli, Lisa
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2016

    In this brief, we profile October 2014 TCA cases that were designated as two-parent families. In October 2014, two-parent families were 2% of all cases, making them a small but growing part of the TCA caseload. Two-parent families are a distinct population: over half of recipient adults are married, and two-parent families are more likely to have three or more children than other families receiving TCA. In particular, two-parent families have very little prior welfare receipt. Most two-parent families have one employed parent, but two employed parents are not common. (Author abstract)

    In this brief, we profile October 2014 TCA cases that were designated as two-parent families. In October 2014, two-parent families were 2% of all cases, making them a small but growing part of the TCA caseload. Two-parent families are a distinct population: over half of recipient adults are married, and two-parent families are more likely to have three or more children than other families receiving TCA. In particular, two-parent families have very little prior welfare receipt. Most two-parent families have one employed parent, but two employed parents are not common. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Hahn, Heather ; Giannarelli, Linda ; Kassabian, David ; Pratt, Eleanor
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2016

    Two-parent families’ lower TANF participation rates appear to result from differences in policies and practices. The dynamics of family relationships and personal feelings, especially of men, about seeking assistance may contribute to this difference as well. These families may also receive fewer support services than single-parent families because of either formal rationing of services or staff assumptions about their needs.

    This report documents these findings by analyzing administrative data, phone interviews, and site visits, highlighting key findings about:

    1. the characteristics of two-parent families participating in or eligible for TANF;
    2. the variety of services two parent families are receiving through TANF;
    3. how state policies help or hinder families participation in TANF; and
    4. how beliefs, attitudes and perceptions of state and eligible families help or hinder families’ participating in TANF. (author abstract)

    Two-parent families’ lower TANF participation rates appear to result from differences in policies and practices. The dynamics of family relationships and personal feelings, especially of men, about seeking assistance may contribute to this difference as well. These families may also receive fewer support services than single-parent families because of either formal rationing of services or staff assumptions about their needs.

    This report documents these findings by analyzing administrative data, phone interviews, and site visits, highlighting key findings about:

    1. the characteristics of two-parent families participating in or eligible for TANF;
    2. the variety of services two parent families are receiving through TANF;
    3. how state policies help or hinder families participation in TANF; and
    4. how beliefs, attitudes and perceptions of state and eligible families help or hinder families’ participating in TANF. (author abstract)
  • Individual Author: Paulsell, Diane; Wood, Robert
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2016

    An established body of longitudinal research indicates that children fare best when they are raised in stable, low-conflict, two-parent families. Conversely, unhealthy relationships can put individuals and their children at risk. To help identify strategies for improving the delivery and effectiveness of healthy marriage and relationship education programs for adults and youth, the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) has launched the Strengthening Relationship Education and Marriage Services (STREAMS) project, a multi-site, random assignment evaluation of these programs. OPRE has contracted with Mathematica Policy Research and its partner, Public Strategies, to design and conduct the study. (Author abstract)

    An established body of longitudinal research indicates that children fare best when they are raised in stable, low-conflict, two-parent families. Conversely, unhealthy relationships can put individuals and their children at risk. To help identify strategies for improving the delivery and effectiveness of healthy marriage and relationship education programs for adults and youth, the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) has launched the Strengthening Relationship Education and Marriage Services (STREAMS) project, a multi-site, random assignment evaluation of these programs. OPRE has contracted with Mathematica Policy Research and its partner, Public Strategies, to design and conduct the study. (Author abstract)

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