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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation Administration for Children and Families U.S. Department of Health and Services
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2019

    The “Fatherhood: Ongoing Research and Program Evaluation Efforts” brief describes ACF’s ongoing research and evaluation projects related to 1) the Responsible Fatherhood grant program, 2) noncustodial parents, and 3) fathers and fatherhood more broadly. It also describes some of ACF’s past research and evaluation efforts related to fatherhood. (Author introduction)

    The “Fatherhood: Ongoing Research and Program Evaluation Efforts” brief describes ACF’s ongoing research and evaluation projects related to 1) the Responsible Fatherhood grant program, 2) noncustodial parents, and 3) fathers and fatherhood more broadly. It also describes some of ACF’s past research and evaluation efforts related to fatherhood. (Author introduction)

  • Individual Author: Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2018

    We argue that child support, the central program specifically targeting single-parent families, should increase financial resources for children living with a single parent, with a secondary goal of holding parents responsible for supporting their children. Current child support policy is substantially successful for divorcing families in which the noncustodial parent has at least moderate formal earnings. However, the system does not work well for lower-income families, especially unmarried couples: far too few children regularly receive substantial support and the system is sometimes counterproductive to encouraging parental responsibility. We propose: a public guarantee of a minimum amount of support per child, assurances that no noncustodial parent will be charged beyond their current means, and a broadening of child support services. (Author abstract)

    We argue that child support, the central program specifically targeting single-parent families, should increase financial resources for children living with a single parent, with a secondary goal of holding parents responsible for supporting their children. Current child support policy is substantially successful for divorcing families in which the noncustodial parent has at least moderate formal earnings. However, the system does not work well for lower-income families, especially unmarried couples: far too few children regularly receive substantial support and the system is sometimes counterproductive to encouraging parental responsibility. We propose: a public guarantee of a minimum amount of support per child, assurances that no noncustodial parent will be charged beyond their current means, and a broadening of child support services. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Parness, Jeffrey A.; Timko, Matthew
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2018

    Traditionally, American state laws have recognized that the federal constitutional right to the “care, custody, and control” of a child vests in either the heterosexual birth parents or the adoptive parents of the child. Recently, state laws have also recognized this parental right of “care, custody, and control” to opposite sex unmarried couples who bore the child of sex. Even more recently, state laws have recognized this parental right for those who did not engage in sexual intercourse leading to a pregnancy and birth. State laws have also increasingly limited this childcare right of traditionally recognized parents by allowing nonparents to secure court-ordered childcare over the objections of current parents, whether by recognizing these nonparents as de facto parents or as third parties with childcare standing. While state childcare law opportunities have evolved significantly as family structures, genetic testing, and assisted reproduction techniques have changed, the laws on parental and nonparental child support have not changed much. This Article explores actual and...

    Traditionally, American state laws have recognized that the federal constitutional right to the “care, custody, and control” of a child vests in either the heterosexual birth parents or the adoptive parents of the child. Recently, state laws have also recognized this parental right of “care, custody, and control” to opposite sex unmarried couples who bore the child of sex. Even more recently, state laws have recognized this parental right for those who did not engage in sexual intercourse leading to a pregnancy and birth. State laws have also increasingly limited this childcare right of traditionally recognized parents by allowing nonparents to secure court-ordered childcare over the objections of current parents, whether by recognizing these nonparents as de facto parents or as third parties with childcare standing. While state childcare law opportunities have evolved significantly as family structures, genetic testing, and assisted reproduction techniques have changed, the laws on parental and nonparental child support have not changed much. This Article explores actual and potential child support laws arising from the new childcare laws for both parents and nonparents. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Benson, Valerie H.; Webster, Riley
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    Twenty years have passed since Congress enacted P.L. 105-200, the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act (CSPIA), dramatically restructuring the child support performance incentive system. Prior to its passage in 1998, there was growing concern that the incentive system lacked an effective impetus for improving state progress toward achieving the program’s goals since all states received a minimum incentive payment based solely on its child support collections. Previously incentive payments above the minimum were based on program cost-effectiveness measured by the ratio of collections to state program costs.

    CSPIA aimed to better align the incentive system to the child support program’s mission to promote responsible parenting, family self- sufficiency, and child wellbeing. To achieve this aim, CSPIA added four performance measures related to establishing and enforcing child support orders—paternity establishment, support order establishment, current support collections, and arrears collections—and retained a revised measure of cost-effectiveness. In addition to state...

    Twenty years have passed since Congress enacted P.L. 105-200, the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act (CSPIA), dramatically restructuring the child support performance incentive system. Prior to its passage in 1998, there was growing concern that the incentive system lacked an effective impetus for improving state progress toward achieving the program’s goals since all states received a minimum incentive payment based solely on its child support collections. Previously incentive payments above the minimum were based on program cost-effectiveness measured by the ratio of collections to state program costs.

    CSPIA aimed to better align the incentive system to the child support program’s mission to promote responsible parenting, family self- sufficiency, and child wellbeing. To achieve this aim, CSPIA added four performance measures related to establishing and enforcing child support orders—paternity establishment, support order establishment, current support collections, and arrears collections—and retained a revised measure of cost-effectiveness. In addition to state performance on these measures, the amount of the incentive payment depends on the amount available for incentive payments in the fiscal year, the reliability of the state’s data, the state’s total amount of child support collections, and the relative performance of other states.

    This brief builds on previous work by Sorensen (2016) examining national trends in child support performance by assessing the extent to which performance varies across states and across measures. 5 We discuss, for each measure, how states’ performance has changed since the implementation of CSPIA, the extent to which states’ performance varies, and opportunities for improvement. We then examine states’ recent performance by highlighting measures that have significant improvement from 2011 through 2016. The brief concludes with a discussion of next steps for future analyses. (Edited author summary)

     

  • Individual Author: Pearson, Jessica
    Reference Type: Report, Stakeholder Resource
    Year: 2018

    This brief reviews some of the ways in which federal, state, and local initiatives in the U.S. have attempted to ensure that father involvement is reflected in programs and policies dealing with children and families. The examples provided are not comprehensive but cover much of the national activity that exists at the state level and illustrate the various ways in which father engagement issues are being addressed. The brief begins with a summary of how father involvement issues emerged at the national level and describes key federal funding mechanisms. It then provides examples of state and local initiatives, most of which focus on providing direct services to fathers in the child support system to increase their employment, child support payments, and parent involvement, although a few also aim to create system-level change across multiple public agencies. The brief concludes with a discussion of research on the benefits of these programs and of some elements that link initiatives across geographical settings. (Excerpt from introduction)

    This brief reviews some of the ways in which federal, state, and local initiatives in the U.S. have attempted to ensure that father involvement is reflected in programs and policies dealing with children and families. The examples provided are not comprehensive but cover much of the national activity that exists at the state level and illustrate the various ways in which father engagement issues are being addressed. The brief begins with a summary of how father involvement issues emerged at the national level and describes key federal funding mechanisms. It then provides examples of state and local initiatives, most of which focus on providing direct services to fathers in the child support system to increase their employment, child support payments, and parent involvement, although a few also aim to create system-level change across multiple public agencies. The brief concludes with a discussion of research on the benefits of these programs and of some elements that link initiatives across geographical settings. (Excerpt from introduction)

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