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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Chrisinger, Colleen K.
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2017

    This paper compares the employment status and earnings of veterans and nonveterans following their receipt of public workforce development services in Washington State during the years 2002–2012. It also describes workforce program participation patterns for veterans and nonveterans to determine if veterans have equal or prioritized access to key programs, where prioritization is required by law. Based on tabulations and propensity score weighted regressions using administrative data, the results indicate slightly lower levels of participation by veterans than nonveterans in two major workforce programs (Wagner-Peyser and the Workforce Investment Act Adult program), and high participation in veteran-specific programs (Disabled Veterans Outreach Program and Local Veterans Employment Representative). Employment rates of veterans after program receipt are substantially lower than those for nonveterans. Meanwhile, average earnings are slightly higher, conditional on employment. These results highlight the ongoing challenge of closing the gap in employment between veterans and...

    This paper compares the employment status and earnings of veterans and nonveterans following their receipt of public workforce development services in Washington State during the years 2002–2012. It also describes workforce program participation patterns for veterans and nonveterans to determine if veterans have equal or prioritized access to key programs, where prioritization is required by law. Based on tabulations and propensity score weighted regressions using administrative data, the results indicate slightly lower levels of participation by veterans than nonveterans in two major workforce programs (Wagner-Peyser and the Workforce Investment Act Adult program), and high participation in veteran-specific programs (Disabled Veterans Outreach Program and Local Veterans Employment Representative). Employment rates of veterans after program receipt are substantially lower than those for nonveterans. Meanwhile, average earnings are slightly higher, conditional on employment. These results highlight the ongoing challenge of closing the gap in employment between veterans and nonveterans to reach goals stated by policymakers. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Henry, Meghan; Watt, Rian; Rosenthal, Lily; Shivji, Azim
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2017

    The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) releases the Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress (AHAR) in two parts. Part 1 provides Point-in- Time (PIT) estimates, offering a snapshot of homelessness—both sheltered and unsheltered— on a single night. The one-night counts are conducted during the last 10 days of January each year. The PIT counts also provide an estimate of the number of people experiencing homelessness within particular homeless populations, such as people with chronic patterns of homelessness and veterans experiencing homelessness.  This year serves as the baseline year for estimates of unaccompanied youth, that is, people under the age of 25 who are experiencing homelessness on their own, not in the company of their parent or guardian, and who are not part of a family. Also for the first time this year, Part 1 of the AHAR includes some examination of the changes in demographic characteristics of people experiencing homelessness.  To understand our nation’s capacity to serve people who are currently or formerly experiencing homelessness, this...

    The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) releases the Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress (AHAR) in two parts. Part 1 provides Point-in- Time (PIT) estimates, offering a snapshot of homelessness—both sheltered and unsheltered— on a single night. The one-night counts are conducted during the last 10 days of January each year. The PIT counts also provide an estimate of the number of people experiencing homelessness within particular homeless populations, such as people with chronic patterns of homelessness and veterans experiencing homelessness.  This year serves as the baseline year for estimates of unaccompanied youth, that is, people under the age of 25 who are experiencing homelessness on their own, not in the company of their parent or guardian, and who are not part of a family. Also for the first time this year, Part 1 of the AHAR includes some examination of the changes in demographic characteristics of people experiencing homelessness.  To understand our nation’s capacity to serve people who are currently or formerly experiencing homelessness, this report also provides counts of beds in emergency shelters, transitional housing programs, safe havens, rapid rehousing programs, permanent supportive housing programs, and other permanent housing.  In 2017, the PIT estimates of people experiencing homelessness in sheltered and unsheltered locations, as well as the number of beds available to serve them, were reported by 399 Continuums of Care (CoC) nationwide. These 399 CoCs covered virtually the entire United States. The Northern Mariana Islands are the newest CoC and reported PIT and HIC data for the first time in 2017. (Edited author introduction)

      HUD has methodological standards for conducting the PIT counts, and CoCs use a variety of approved methods to produce the counts. The guide for PIT methodologies can be found here: https://www.hudexchange.info/resource/4036/ point-in-time-count-methodology-guide. HUD reviews the data for accuracy and quality prior to creating the estimates for this report. (Author introduction) 

  • Individual Author: Henry, Meghan; Watt, Rian; Rosenthal, Lily; Shivji, Azim
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2016

    All Homeless People

    • On a single night in 2016, 549,928 people were experiencing homelessness in the United States. A majority (68%) was staying in emergency shelters, transitional housing programs, or safe havens, and 32 percent were in unsheltered locations.
    • Over one-fifth of people experiencing homelessness were children (22%), 69 percent were over the age of 24, and nine percent were between the ages of 18 and 24.
    • Between 2015 and 2016, the number of people experiencing homelessness declined by three percent. Declines were composed entirely of people staying in sheltered locations (which declined by 5%). Homelessness increased among people staying in unsheltered locations (by 2%).

    Homelessness by Household Type

    • There were 355,212 people experiencing homelessness as individuals, accounting for 65 percent of the homeless population. Most (89%) were over the age of 24. Ten percent were between 18 and 24, and one percent were under the age of 18.
    • There were 194,716 people in families...

    All Homeless People

    • On a single night in 2016, 549,928 people were experiencing homelessness in the United States. A majority (68%) was staying in emergency shelters, transitional housing programs, or safe havens, and 32 percent were in unsheltered locations.
    • Over one-fifth of people experiencing homelessness were children (22%), 69 percent were over the age of 24, and nine percent were between the ages of 18 and 24.
    • Between 2015 and 2016, the number of people experiencing homelessness declined by three percent. Declines were composed entirely of people staying in sheltered locations (which declined by 5%). Homelessness increased among people staying in unsheltered locations (by 2%).

    Homelessness by Household Type

    • There were 355,212 people experiencing homelessness as individuals, accounting for 65 percent of the homeless population. Most (89%) were over the age of 24. Ten percent were between 18 and 24, and one percent were under the age of 18.
    • There were 194,716 people in families with children experiencing homelessness, representing 35 percent of the homeless population. Of people in families with children, 60 percent were under the age of 18, 32 percent were over 24, and eight percent were between the ages of 18 and 24.
    • Between 2015 and 2016, homelessness among individuals remained relatively flat (declining by less than 1%). Declines in the numbers of sheltered individuals (4%) were offset by increases in the numbers of unsheltered individuals (3%).
    • The number of homeless people in families with children counted on a single night declined by 6 percent between 2015 and 2016, and the number of homeless family households dropped by 5 percent. The number of sheltered people and unsheltered people in families declined by 6 percent.

    Homelessness by Subpopulation

    • In January 2016, 39,471 veterans were experiencing homelessness. Nearly all (97%) were homeless in households without children (as individuals).
    • There were 77,486 individuals and 8,646 people in families with children with chronic patterns of homelessness.
    • Chronic homelessness declined among individuals by seven percent between 2015 and 2016, and by 35 percent between 2007 and 2016.
    • There were 35,686 unaccompanied homeless youth in January 2016. Most (89%) were between the ages of 18 and 24. The remaining 11 percent were unaccompanied children, under the age of 18. (Author summary)

     

  • Individual Author: Osborne, Cynthia; Dillon, Amanda
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2013

    Cases involving active duty military personnel and veteran families within the child support system are often more complex in nature than those of the general population. Some of the complications arise as a result of institutional barriers between the child support system and the military system. These complications are then compounded by the nature of a service member’s job such as multiple moves, pay changes, paternity establishment during deployment, multiple deployments, year-long absences, and physical and mental disabilities that result from military service. To provide specialized support for active duty service members and veterans’ child support and parenting time needs, the Texas Office of the Attorney General – Child Support Division (OAG-CSD) developed the Help Establishing Responsive Orders and Ensuring Support (HEROES) for Children in Military Families pilot program. The HEROES project is designed to provide enhanced, family-centered child support services with the objectives of increasing compliance with current child support obligations; ensuring accurate...

    Cases involving active duty military personnel and veteran families within the child support system are often more complex in nature than those of the general population. Some of the complications arise as a result of institutional barriers between the child support system and the military system. These complications are then compounded by the nature of a service member’s job such as multiple moves, pay changes, paternity establishment during deployment, multiple deployments, year-long absences, and physical and mental disabilities that result from military service. To provide specialized support for active duty service members and veterans’ child support and parenting time needs, the Texas Office of the Attorney General – Child Support Division (OAG-CSD) developed the Help Establishing Responsive Orders and Ensuring Support (HEROES) for Children in Military Families pilot program. The HEROES project is designed to provide enhanced, family-centered child support services with the objectives of increasing compliance with current child support obligations; ensuring accurate establishment of support orders, expediting review and adjustments of orders; preventing the accumulation of arrears; and supporting increased parenting cooperation. The OAG-CSD asked Dr. Cynthia Osborne and CFRP to evaluate the implementation of the pilot program.  CFRP’s goals are to determine the unique challenges that military and veteran families face in regards to child support and parenting; document what the HEROES project has done to address these unique challenges; identify lessons learned through the pilot program that enhance or limit the successful implementation of the HEROES project; and provide recommendations to the OAG-CSD on how the HEROES project may address any challenges that arise. (Author introduction)

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