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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Dechausay, Nadine; Anzelone, Caitlin
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2016

    This report describes collaboration between the Indiana Office of Early Childhood and Out-of-School Learning and the Behavioral Interventions to Advance Self-Sufficiency research team. That collaboration focused on the design and evaluation of three behavioral interventions aimed to improve outcomes at two points in the administration of Indiana's Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF):

    -When parents enroll in CCDF and must select a child care provider, and;

    -When they renew their subsidies

    The first intervention aimed to increase the percentage of parents who used their CCDF subsidies to pay for child care providers in the state's quality rating and improvement system and to increase the selection of highly rated providers. The second and third interventions aimed to improve the CCDF redetermination process. Findings indicate that the first intervention did not increase the percentage of families who selected programs in the state's quality rating and improvement system overall. However, receiving a revised information packet and a phone call did increase...

    This report describes collaboration between the Indiana Office of Early Childhood and Out-of-School Learning and the Behavioral Interventions to Advance Self-Sufficiency research team. That collaboration focused on the design and evaluation of three behavioral interventions aimed to improve outcomes at two points in the administration of Indiana's Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF):

    -When parents enroll in CCDF and must select a child care provider, and;

    -When they renew their subsidies

    The first intervention aimed to increase the percentage of parents who used their CCDF subsidies to pay for child care providers in the state's quality rating and improvement system and to increase the selection of highly rated providers. The second and third interventions aimed to improve the CCDF redetermination process. Findings indicate that the first intervention did not increase the percentage of families who selected programs in the state's quality rating and improvement system overall. However, receiving a revised information packet and a phone call did increase the percentage of families who used highly rated providers. The second intervention increased the percentage of parents who attended their first scheduled redetermination appointment and increased the percentage of parents who completed the redetermination process in one appointment but did not change the likelihood that parents would renew on time. The third intervention increased the percentage of parents who attended their first scheduled redetermination appointment and the percentage of parents who renewed on time. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Adams, Gina; Derrick-Mills, Teresa; Heller, Caroline
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2016

    Child care can be an insurmountable barrier for low-income parents seeking education and training so they can get better jobs to support their families. Helping families with child care can also be challenging for programs trying to help these parents get ahead. Despite funding and policy barriers, there are programs that have taken on this challenge. This brief summarizes a longer study and lays out six steps that local and state programs can take to address the child care needs of parents in education and training. This is part of the Urban Institute’s series of reports from the Bridging the Gap project, which focuses on what we know about the child care needs of parents needing education and training. (Author abstract)

    Child care can be an insurmountable barrier for low-income parents seeking education and training so they can get better jobs to support their families. Helping families with child care can also be challenging for programs trying to help these parents get ahead. Despite funding and policy barriers, there are programs that have taken on this challenge. This brief summarizes a longer study and lays out six steps that local and state programs can take to address the child care needs of parents in education and training. This is part of the Urban Institute’s series of reports from the Bridging the Gap project, which focuses on what we know about the child care needs of parents needing education and training. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Moreno, Manuel H.; Toros, Halil; Stevens, Max; Doan, Duc; Salem, Nancy; Beardsley, Julie
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2007

    The present study is a by-product of DPSS’ ongoing commitment to making child care services available to Los Angeles County’s Welfare-to-Work participants. For some time now, policymakers have attempted to understand why a large proportion of Welfare-to-Work participants fail to use the child care services available to them. This report identifies two major barriers to utilization: participant difficulty in establishing eligibility for child care services, and participant inability to gain approval for the child care requests they submit to Alternative Payment Program (APP) agencies. The research presented in this report indicates that significant proportions of CalWORKs participants have difficulties opening Welfare-to-Work components in the initial stages of their tenure in the program. The difficulties are likely related to a number of personal and program-level barriers. It will not be possible to fully grasp these initial barriers without conducting additional qualitative research. Nevertheless, participants who cannot attend program components are not able to make requests...

    The present study is a by-product of DPSS’ ongoing commitment to making child care services available to Los Angeles County’s Welfare-to-Work participants. For some time now, policymakers have attempted to understand why a large proportion of Welfare-to-Work participants fail to use the child care services available to them. This report identifies two major barriers to utilization: participant difficulty in establishing eligibility for child care services, and participant inability to gain approval for the child care requests they submit to Alternative Payment Program (APP) agencies. The research presented in this report indicates that significant proportions of CalWORKs participants have difficulties opening Welfare-to-Work components in the initial stages of their tenure in the program. The difficulties are likely related to a number of personal and program-level barriers. It will not be possible to fully grasp these initial barriers without conducting additional qualitative research. Nevertheless, participants who cannot attend program components are not able to make requests for child care services. Some participants may attempt to make these requests with no open component, but their eligibility for child care is nullified unless they are working or until they can take the steps necessary to move back into compliance with program requirements. Moreover, significant numbers of participants eligible for child care have the requests they make for services denied for various reasons that are examined in this report. At the same time, this report also shows that early establishment of eligibility dramatically increases the likelihood that participants will utilize the child care services available to them through the GAIN program. In turn, early eligibility appears to increase the likelihood that participants will remain in GAIN and make positive strides towards self-sufficiency.

    The findings in these pages, which are based on data collected from DPSS administrative records, were generated using three substantive modes of analysis, each of which occupies a substantive section in the report. Section I examines child care eligibility and utilization trends by looking at monthly snapshots. Section II tracks two different GAIN entry cohorts and creates a more dynamic understanding of eligibility and utilization issues through an analysis of the cumulative child care histories of GAIN participants. Section III uses regression models to demonstrate factors contributing to outcomes such as child care eligibility, child care utilization, and the denial of requests for child care services. The concluding section of the report summarizes the findings and offers a series of recommendations for policy enhancements that could improve the delivery of child care services to the participants who need them. Increasing participant access to child care will be a crucial part of the more general effort to continue making improvements in the CalWORKs program as welfare reform enters its second decade. It is our sincere hope that the findings presented in this report will provide valuable guidance in this direction. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Paulsell, Diane; Mekos, Debra ; Del Grosso, Patricia ; Banghart, Patti ; Nogales, Renée
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2006

    The Enhanced Home Visiting Pilot Project, funded by the Head Start Bureau in 2004, supports the quality of care that family, friends and neighbors—"kith and kin" caregivers—provide to infants and toddlers enrolled in home-based Early Head Start programs. This publication describes characteristics of enrolled children, families, and caregivers. It also details early implementation experiences of pilot programs based on site visits after one year of operation. (Author abstract)

    The Enhanced Home Visiting Pilot Project, funded by the Head Start Bureau in 2004, supports the quality of care that family, friends and neighbors—"kith and kin" caregivers—provide to infants and toddlers enrolled in home-based Early Head Start programs. This publication describes characteristics of enrolled children, families, and caregivers. It also details early implementation experiences of pilot programs based on site visits after one year of operation. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project (EHSRE)
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2003

    Findings in this presentation are drawn from the Early Head Start Child Care Policy Report, The Role of Early Head Start Programs in Addressing the Child Care Needs of Low-Income Families with Infants and Toddlers: Influences on Child Care Use and Quality (ACF, 2002c). This study is embedded in the larger Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project that followed 3001 children and families from the time families were recruited for the program (and the research) until they were 36 months of age. The overall findings may be accessed through the web site on the last slide in this presentation. See Making a Difference in the Lives of Infants and Toddlers and Their Families: The Impacts of Early Head Start (ACF, 2002a) for overall impact study results. (author abstract)

    Findings in this presentation are drawn from the Early Head Start Child Care Policy Report, The Role of Early Head Start Programs in Addressing the Child Care Needs of Low-Income Families with Infants and Toddlers: Influences on Child Care Use and Quality (ACF, 2002c). This study is embedded in the larger Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project that followed 3001 children and families from the time families were recruited for the program (and the research) until they were 36 months of age. The overall findings may be accessed through the web site on the last slide in this presentation. See Making a Difference in the Lives of Infants and Toddlers and Their Families: The Impacts of Early Head Start (ACF, 2002a) for overall impact study results. (author abstract)

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