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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Cozzolino, Elizabeth
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2018

    Previous studies of poverty governance have focused on the welfare system, the criminal justice system, and the connections between them. Yet less attention has been paid to a third institution that bridges the gap between these two systems: child support enforcement. Jailing for child support nonpayment is one of many mechanisms of child support enforcement, but little is known about this tactic. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, the author examines the process of nonresident fathers’ (1) acquiring a formal support order, (2) accruing child support debt, and (3) being jailed for this debt. The author proposes two pathways into jail for child support nonpayment—public assistance and relationship context—and demonstrates how each pathway affects the risk for jail. Overall, 14 percent of debtors spend time in jail for child support by the time their children are nine years old. (Author abstract)

    Previous studies of poverty governance have focused on the welfare system, the criminal justice system, and the connections between them. Yet less attention has been paid to a third institution that bridges the gap between these two systems: child support enforcement. Jailing for child support nonpayment is one of many mechanisms of child support enforcement, but little is known about this tactic. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, the author examines the process of nonresident fathers’ (1) acquiring a formal support order, (2) accruing child support debt, and (3) being jailed for this debt. The author proposes two pathways into jail for child support nonpayment—public assistance and relationship context—and demonstrates how each pathway affects the risk for jail. Overall, 14 percent of debtors spend time in jail for child support by the time their children are nine years old. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Passarella, Letitia Logan
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    The report describes the characteristics of obligors and their child support cases as well as their employment and earnings. We also compare obligors earning the fulltime minimum wage rate or less with those earning the Maryland living wage in order to examine each group’s ability to pay their obligations. (Edited author introduction)

     

    The report describes the characteristics of obligors and their child support cases as well as their employment and earnings. We also compare obligors earning the fulltime minimum wage rate or less with those earning the Maryland living wage in order to examine each group’s ability to pay their obligations. (Edited author introduction)

     

  • Individual Author: Anzelone, Caitlin; Dechausay, Nadine; Alemany, Xavier
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    The Behavioral Interventions to Advance Self-Sufficiency (BIAS) project conducted 15 randomized controlled trials of behavioral interventions across eight states, in the domains of work support, child support, and child care. BIAS used a systematic approach called “behavioral diagnosis and design” to develop the interventions and their associated materials. This process involved identifying problems that were appropriate for behavioral interventions, diagnosing the underlying behavioral reasons for each problem, designing interventions, and conducting rigorous tests to determine whether the interventions improved outcomes. The Behavioral Interventions Materials Compendium contains all of the written materials that the project designed and tested as part of those interventions. The compendium is arranged by program area domain, site/agency, and type of intervention. Each section begins with a one-page summary of the particular intervention that was implemented, followed by a list of the printed materials for that intervention and copies of the materials themselves. (Author...

    The Behavioral Interventions to Advance Self-Sufficiency (BIAS) project conducted 15 randomized controlled trials of behavioral interventions across eight states, in the domains of work support, child support, and child care. BIAS used a systematic approach called “behavioral diagnosis and design” to develop the interventions and their associated materials. This process involved identifying problems that were appropriate for behavioral interventions, diagnosing the underlying behavioral reasons for each problem, designing interventions, and conducting rigorous tests to determine whether the interventions improved outcomes. The Behavioral Interventions Materials Compendium contains all of the written materials that the project designed and tested as part of those interventions. The compendium is arranged by program area domain, site/agency, and type of intervention. Each section begins with a one-page summary of the particular intervention that was implemented, followed by a list of the printed materials for that intervention and copies of the materials themselves. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Benson, Valerie H.; Webster, Riley
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    Twenty years have passed since Congress enacted P.L. 105-200, the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act (CSPIA), dramatically restructuring the child support performance incentive system. Prior to its passage in 1998, there was growing concern that the incentive system lacked an effective impetus for improving state progress toward achieving the program’s goals since all states received a minimum incentive payment based solely on its child support collections. Previously incentive payments above the minimum were based on program cost-effectiveness measured by the ratio of collections to state program costs.

    CSPIA aimed to better align the incentive system to the child support program’s mission to promote responsible parenting, family self- sufficiency, and child wellbeing. To achieve this aim, CSPIA added four performance measures related to establishing and enforcing child support orders—paternity establishment, support order establishment, current support collections, and arrears collections—and retained a revised measure of cost-effectiveness. In addition to state...

    Twenty years have passed since Congress enacted P.L. 105-200, the Child Support Performance and Incentive Act (CSPIA), dramatically restructuring the child support performance incentive system. Prior to its passage in 1998, there was growing concern that the incentive system lacked an effective impetus for improving state progress toward achieving the program’s goals since all states received a minimum incentive payment based solely on its child support collections. Previously incentive payments above the minimum were based on program cost-effectiveness measured by the ratio of collections to state program costs.

    CSPIA aimed to better align the incentive system to the child support program’s mission to promote responsible parenting, family self- sufficiency, and child wellbeing. To achieve this aim, CSPIA added four performance measures related to establishing and enforcing child support orders—paternity establishment, support order establishment, current support collections, and arrears collections—and retained a revised measure of cost-effectiveness. In addition to state performance on these measures, the amount of the incentive payment depends on the amount available for incentive payments in the fiscal year, the reliability of the state’s data, the state’s total amount of child support collections, and the relative performance of other states.

    This brief builds on previous work by Sorensen (2016) examining national trends in child support performance by assessing the extent to which performance varies across states and across measures. 5 We discuss, for each measure, how states’ performance has changed since the implementation of CSPIA, the extent to which states’ performance varies, and opportunities for improvement. We then examine states’ recent performance by highlighting measures that have significant improvement from 2011 through 2016. The brief concludes with a discussion of next steps for future analyses. (Edited author summary)

     

  • Individual Author: Demyan, Natalie; Passarella, Letitia Logan
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    This brief uses the sample of orders from Maryland’s 2011 to 2014 case-level guidelines review to assess outcomes of imputation on payment compliance. It compares obligors who had their incomes imputed at the fulltime minimum wage rate to those who did not. We answer the following research questions:

    1. Did obligors’ incomes listed on child support guidelines worksheets correspond to their actual earnings, and did accuracy differ by imputation status?
    2. What were the payment compliance outcomes of obligors, and did they differ by imputation status? 

    Additionally, the case characteristics, actual earnings, and payment compliance outcomes of obligors whose incomes were imputed to full-time minimum wage are compared with obligors whose worksheet incomes were below the full-time minimum wage rate. This was done to explore if refraining from full-time income imputation was associated with better payment compliance outcomes among obligors with low earnings. (Edited author introduction)

     

    This brief uses the sample of orders from Maryland’s 2011 to 2014 case-level guidelines review to assess outcomes of imputation on payment compliance. It compares obligors who had their incomes imputed at the fulltime minimum wage rate to those who did not. We answer the following research questions:

    1. Did obligors’ incomes listed on child support guidelines worksheets correspond to their actual earnings, and did accuracy differ by imputation status?
    2. What were the payment compliance outcomes of obligors, and did they differ by imputation status? 

    Additionally, the case characteristics, actual earnings, and payment compliance outcomes of obligors whose incomes were imputed to full-time minimum wage are compared with obligors whose worksheet incomes were below the full-time minimum wage rate. This was done to explore if refraining from full-time income imputation was associated with better payment compliance outcomes among obligors with low earnings. (Edited author introduction)

     

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