Skip to main content
Back to Top

SSRC Library

The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

Writing a paper? Working on a literature review? Citing research in a funding proposal? Use the SSRC Citation Assistance Tool to compile citations.

  • Conduct a search and filter parameters as desired.
  • "Check" the box next to the resources for which you would like a citation.
  • Select "Download Selected Citation" at the top of the Library Search Page.
  • Select your export style:
    • Text File.
    • RIS Format.
    • APA format.
  • Select submit and download your citations.

The SSRC Library includes resources which may be available only via journal subscription. The SSRC may be able to provide users without subscription access to a particular journal with a single use copy of the full text.  Please email the SSRC with your request.

The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Hauan, Susan; Douglas, Sarah
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2004

    Employment is a key component of the TANF program. With the introduction of work requirements under PRWORA, states now work more closely with recipients on encouraging participation in work activities to facilitate transitions out of welfare toward greater independence. Consequently, it is important to understand the potential limitations or liabilities that recipients may bring to the labor market, as well as the effect that these challenges may or may not have on employment.

    To address these issues, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) funded a round of competitive state and local research grants to study the characteristics and circumstances of individuals and families receiving cash assistance from the TANF program. Each grantee gathered and analyzed data based on a common survey instrument that focused on three broad domains of potential assets and liabilities of work for welfare recipients:

    • human capital assets/deficits (education levels, work experience, job skills);
    • personal and family-related liabilities (...

    Employment is a key component of the TANF program. With the introduction of work requirements under PRWORA, states now work more closely with recipients on encouraging participation in work activities to facilitate transitions out of welfare toward greater independence. Consequently, it is important to understand the potential limitations or liabilities that recipients may bring to the labor market, as well as the effect that these challenges may or may not have on employment.

    To address these issues, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) funded a round of competitive state and local research grants to study the characteristics and circumstances of individuals and families receiving cash assistance from the TANF program. Each grantee gathered and analyzed data based on a common survey instrument that focused on three broad domains of potential assets and liabilities of work for welfare recipients:

    • human capital assets/deficits (education levels, work experience, job skills);
    • personal and family-related liabilities (physical and mental health problems, chemical dependence, learning disabilities, criminal record, caring for a child with special health needs, and domestic violence); and
    • community-level challenges (transportation problems, childcare problems, unstable housing, and neighborhood problems).

    All studies were based on random samples of the population of single-parent TANF recipients in one given month. Survey data from all six studies — Colorado, the District of Columbia, Illinois, Maryland, Missouri, and South Carolina — were merged by ASPE staff, who conducted a pooled analysis of employment liabilities and work among welfare recipients.

  • Individual Author: Fraker, Thomas M.; Levy, Dan M.; Perez-Johnson, Irma; Hershey, Alan M.; Nightingale, Demetra S.; Olsen, Robert B.; Stapulonis, Rita A.
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2004

    This final report presents descriptive findings from Mathematica's study of enrollees during the two years after they entered a welfare-to-work program. Most were TANF recipients with significant barriers to employment; although most were employed at some time during the study, many faced employment problems at the end of that period, and the jobs they held often left them in poverty. Whether a more comprehensive approach would produce better results is unclear, but the report presents design and implementation factors for programs to consider. (Author abstract)

    This final report presents descriptive findings from Mathematica's study of enrollees during the two years after they entered a welfare-to-work program. Most were TANF recipients with significant barriers to employment; although most were employed at some time during the study, many faced employment problems at the end of that period, and the jobs they held often left them in poverty. Whether a more comprehensive approach would produce better results is unclear, but the report presents design and implementation factors for programs to consider. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: U.S. Government Accountability Office
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2001

    The Congress passed PRWORA in 1996, making sweeping changes to national welfare policy. The act replaces the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program with TANF block grants, a fixed federal funding stream that provides states the flexibility to design their own programs and strategies for promoting work and self-sufficiency. Under TANF there are strong work requirements for recipients and there is a limit on the number of months (60) that families can receive federally funded TANF benefits. The number of families receiving cash assistance has declined dramatically in recent years. More than 5 million families received cash assistance in 1994 but, as the economy improved and TANF work enforcement gathered steam, fewer families received assistance. Caseloads have fallen dramatically since the act went into effect, from 4.4 million families in August 1996 to 2.2 families in June 2000. Caseload declines slowed towards the end of 1999 and in a few states rose slightly, but the most recent data available from HHS indicate that, nationally, caseloads continue to decline....

    The Congress passed PRWORA in 1996, making sweeping changes to national welfare policy. The act replaces the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program with TANF block grants, a fixed federal funding stream that provides states the flexibility to design their own programs and strategies for promoting work and self-sufficiency. Under TANF there are strong work requirements for recipients and there is a limit on the number of months (60) that families can receive federally funded TANF benefits. The number of families receiving cash assistance has declined dramatically in recent years. More than 5 million families received cash assistance in 1994 but, as the economy improved and TANF work enforcement gathered steam, fewer families received assistance. Caseloads have fallen dramatically since the act went into effect, from 4.4 million families in August 1996 to 2.2 families in June 2000. Caseload declines slowed towards the end of 1999 and in a few states rose slightly, but the most recent data available from HHS indicate that, nationally, caseloads continue to decline. Though there are no supporting data, many assume that as caseloads have fallen the composition of the caseload has changed. Specifically, some have speculated that those TANF recipients who could easily find and keep jobs have left the rolls, and hard-to-employ recipients-those with characteristics that interfere with employment-comprise an increasing share of the remaining cash assistance recipients. As a result, there is some concern that state programs that may have been effective at moving easier-to-employ recipients into the workforce may not meet the needs of those remaining on the rolls. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Lacombe, Annalynn
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 1998

    This study uses a geographic information system (GIS) to assess mobility for the recipients living in the City of Boston. Although the scope and specific nature of the mobility problem vary considerably among U.S. cities, Boston presents a good case study for older Frostbelt cities with mature central areas and well-developed transit systems. 

    This study has three objectives: 

    1. Determine recipients' overall access to transit service.

    2. Estimate where in the metropolitan area recipients are likely to find work and determine these potential employers' proximity to transit.

    3. Ascertain how well mass transit in Boston connects welfare recipients and employers and thus meets recipients' mobility needs. 

    This study did not address other key mobility considerations, such as the locations of day care centers and other services upon which working mothers rely. 

    This report profiles the recipient population nationwide and describes their most significant mobility challenges, namely, the transportation demands of single parenthood and the...

    This study uses a geographic information system (GIS) to assess mobility for the recipients living in the City of Boston. Although the scope and specific nature of the mobility problem vary considerably among U.S. cities, Boston presents a good case study for older Frostbelt cities with mature central areas and well-developed transit systems. 

    This study has three objectives: 

    1. Determine recipients' overall access to transit service.

    2. Estimate where in the metropolitan area recipients are likely to find work and determine these potential employers' proximity to transit.

    3. Ascertain how well mass transit in Boston connects welfare recipients and employers and thus meets recipients' mobility needs. 

    This study did not address other key mobility considerations, such as the locations of day care centers and other services upon which working mothers rely. 

    This report profiles the recipient population nationwide and describes their most significant mobility challenges, namely, the transportation demands of single parenthood and the changing spatial patterns of employment. It also looks at the spatial distribution and key characteristics of TANF recipients in Boston, and assesses recipients' job opportunities and the location of potential employers. It provides an analysis of recipients' access to jobs and of transit system performance, and presents key conclusions and suggests areas for future analysis. (author introduction)

Sort by

Topical Area(s)

Popular Searches

Source

Year

Year ranges from 1998 to 2004

Reference Type

Research Methodology

Geographic Focus

Target Populations