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Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States: 2010
This report presents data on income, poverty, and health insurance coverage in the United States based on information collected in the 2011 and earlier Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplements (CPS ASEC) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.
Summary of findings:
• Real median household income declined between 2009 and 2010.
• The poverty rate increased between 2009 and 2010.
• The number of people without health insurance increased between 2009 and 2010, while the 2010 uninsured rate was not statistically different from the 2009 uninsured rate.
These results were not uniform across groups. For example, between 2009 and 2010, real median household income declined for Whites and Blacks, while the changes for Asians and Hispanics were not statistically significant. Poverty rates increased for non-Hispanic Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics while the change for Asians was not statistically significant. For health insurance, the rate and number of uninsured increased for Asians, while the changes for non-Hispanic Whites and for Blacks were not statistically significant. Among Hispanics, the uninsured rate decreased, while the change in the number of uninsured was not statistically different from 2009 estimates. These results are discussed in more detail in the three main sections of this report— income, poverty, and health insurance coverage. Each section presents estimates by characteristics such as race, Hispanic origin, nativity, and region. Other topics covered are earnings, family poverty rates, and health insurance coverage of children. (author abstract)